Medical Quiz

Oncology Quiz


GS is a newly diagnosed prostate cancer patient being treated with androgen deprivation. Which of the following are appropriate counseling points for a new patient starting on an LH-RH agonist?

A. Patient may experience side effects such as a loss in libido, hot flashes, and impotence

B. Patient may experience changes in blood pressure

C. Patient may experience side effects such as nausea/vomiting, alopecia, and weight loss

D. Patient may experience arthralgias, peripheral edema, and seizures

What is the second most common cause of death in the US?

A. Diabetes

B. Cancer

C. Heart Disease

D. Car accidents

A group of nursing students is reviewing information about palliative care. The students demonstrate a need for additional review when they identify which of the following?

A. Palliative care is the same as hospice care.

B. Palliative care developed after hospice care developed.

C. Palliative care is conceptually broader than hospice care.

D. Palliative care is often provided along with disease-lessening treatments.

The home health nurse is performing a home visit for an oncology client discharged three days ago after completing chemotherapy treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The nurse’s priority assessment should include examination for the signs and symptoms of which complication?

A. Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS)

B. Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)

C. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)

D. Hypercalcemia

Which of the following patients with small cell lung cancer should receive prophylactic cranial irradiation?

A. Patients with limited-stage SCLC who achieve a complete response to their initial therapy.

B. Patients with extensive-stage SCLC who do not respond to their initial therapy.

C. All patients with limited-stage SCLC.

D. All patients with extensive-stage SCLC.

A 33-year-old female client is recovering from a modified radical mastectomy with immediate reconstruction. This is the client’s fourth day postoperatively. Her vital signs are temperature 99°F, pulse 82, respirations 18, and blood pressure 152/90. She continues to complain of considerable pain, with a pain rating of 9 on a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 being the worst possible pain. The client was discharged home with a prescription for oxycodone and acetaminophen and has been taking the drugs as prescribed. Which assessment finding would cause the nurse to phone the physician?

A. Itching and slight erythema at the incision site

B. A well-defined oval area near the incision site

C. Small amount of serous drainage at the incision site

D. White blood count (WBC) of 7,000 μL

Brand name for Tamoxifen

A. Arimidex

B. Trexall

C. Cytoxan

D. Nolvadex

Which of the following adjuvant treatment regimens for stage III colon cancer is most appropriate? Postoperative:

A. Radiation therapy

B. FOLFOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) chemotherapy

C. Regorafenib

D. Pembrolizumab

deadly, extremely harmful, evil; spiteful, malicious

A. malignant

B. oesophagus

C. adjacent

what chromosome was the 1st chromosomal abnormality?

A. Philadelphia

B. Pittsburgh

C. Phelange

D. Potter

Which of the following Gleason scores is considered the most aggressive?

A. 3+3

B. 4+5

C. 3+4

D. 4+4

The nurse is assessing the surgical site of a client who has had a mastectomy. Which of the following would lead the nurse to suspect that the client is developing a seroma?

A. Bruising of the skin

B. Sloshing of fluid

C. Tightness

D. Fever

As a shift leader making out patient assignments for the oncoming shift, how would you assign care of a patient that has had a sealed radiation source placed?

A. You decide to rotate staff and assign a nurse who has not provided care for the patient.

B. You decide to assign the same nurse who had the patient yesterday to continue providing quality care.

C. None of the options are correct Sealed radiation therapy has no special staffing restrictions.

D. You decide to assign one nurse to care for all the patients undergoing sealed radiation therapy to provide continum of care.

to leave behind

A. contradict

B. abandon

C. sink in

what medication has a counseling poing if causing feminization in male patients

A. Megestrol

B. Tamoxifen

C. Leuprolide

D. Anastrozole

treatment to relieve or reduce intensity of uncomfortable symptoms, but not to produce a cure is called?

A. Comforting

B. Triage

C. Palliaton

D. Assesment

The patient will receive oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin. Leucovorin is included in the chemotherapy regimen to:

A. Reduce fluorouracil toxicity

B. Increase fluorouracil cytotoxicity

C. Reduce oxaliplatin toxicity

D. Increase oxaliplatin cytotoxicity

The nurse instructs a client on self-care after having a mastectomy with lymph node removal. Which client statement indicates that teaching has been effective?

A. “I will shave under my arms with an electric razor.”

B. “I can lift objects up to 25 pounds (11.4 kg) with my affected arm.”

C. “I can resume all activities of daily living after the wound heals.”

D. “I will limit sun exposure to 15 minutes a day on the affected arm.”

A 42-year-old woman with a family history of breast cancer and very dense breasts should have which of the following screening breast imaging?

A. 3D mammogram every 6 months

B. Mammogram every 12 months

C. Breast MRI and 3D mammogram alternating every 6 months

D. No breast imaging until age 50 and then every other year 

Viruses can … their DNA into the human genome.

A. invade

B. insert

C. extract

a ceremony in which a deceased person is buried or cremated

A. funeral

B. bout

C. bargain

Which of the following is NOT characteristic of a benign tumor

A. A name derived its cell of origin, such as “fibroma” or “chondroma”

B. A fibrous capsule surrounding the growth

C. Tumor cells expressing proteins unique to many different cell types

D. Tumor cells expressing proteins unique to one type of cell

An average risk 55-year-old premenopausal woman with no smoking history should not be counseled regarding the following procedures as part of routine cancer screening?

A. Pap with HPV DNA test, every 5 years

B. Mammogram, annually

C. Colonoscopy, every 10 years

D. Low-dose helical computed tomography, annually

unable to be healed or remedied

A. discurable

B. incurable

C. uncurable

What is the best treatment option for a 49-year-old woman who is chemotherapy naïve and was recently diagnosed with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer?

A. Carboplatin, pemetrexed, plus pembrolizumab

B. Cisplatin plus gemcitabine

C. Carboplatin plus paclitaxel

D. Cisplatin plus etoposide


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