Medical Quiz

The Energy Nutrients Quiz


How many calories per gram does protein contain?

A. 4

B. 6

C. 8

D. 9

_____________________ are ingredients that are put into food during processing

A. added sugar

B. sucrose

C. fiber

D. vitamin D

The energy nutrients are

A. vitamins, minerals, water

B. carbohydrates, proteins, fats

C. fruits, vegetables, dairy

D. carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, and minerals

Which type of fatty acid is known for being good for heart health?

A. cholesterol

B. omega-3

C. trans fatty acids

D. saturated fatty acids

Starches and fibers are types of

A. simple carbohydrates

B. complex carbohydrates

C. grains

D. vegetable carbs

What groups of people are more vulnerable to nutrient deficiencies?

A. athletes and body builders

B. pregnant women, infants, and children up to 2 years old

C. teenagers and infants

D. elderly and athletes

Which type of fat should you try to limit the most.

A. trans fats

B. unsaturated fats

C. saturated fats

D. cholesterol

_________________ are responsible for growth, maintenance, and repair of tissues as well as formation of enzymes, hormones, and antibodies.

A. Carbohydrates

B. Proteins

C. Fats

D. Omega-3s

The study of how the body uses the nutrients in the foods that are eaten.

A. nutrition

B. nutrients

C. microbiology

D. foods

Failure to get enough nutrients may result in

A. malnutrition

B. hunger

C. deficiency disease

D. hair loss

Nutrients that the body can make are called

A. essential nutrients

B. nonessential nutrients

C. enzymes

D. hormones

____________ __________________ is NOT a sign of a person’s nutritional status.

A. body weight

B. hair color

C. over weight

D. bad cholesterol

Which type of carbohydrates should you try to consume more than others?

A. complex carbohydrates

B. simple carbohydrates

C. added sugars

D. sucrose

Chemical compounds that are found in every body cell and made up of small units called amino acids are

A. proteins

B. fats

C. carbohydrates

D. vitamins

Which groups of people generally need more protein in their diet?

A. toddlers and elderly

B. athletes and pregnant women

C. men and women

D. babies and toddlers

Most people in the United States have a hard time getting enough protein in their diet.



The body’s chief source of energy

A. carbohydrates

B. proteins

C. fats

D. caffeine

What happens to excess carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in the body?

A. excreted as waste

B. stored as fat

C. stored in stomach

Where do the healthiest sources of fat come from?

A. plants

B. animals

Chemical substances from food the body needs to live.

A. nutrition

B. nutrients

C. energy nutrients

D. calories

_____________________ is a form of complex carbohydrates from plants that humans cannot digest.

A. complex carbohydrates

B. starch

C. dietary fiber

D. simple

The units used to measure the energy in food.

A. calories

B. carbohydrates

C. grams

D. ounces

____________________ are chemical chains that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms and make up the fats we consume.

A. fatty acids

B. polysaccharides

C. omega-3

D. amino acids

A lack of right proportions of nutrients over an extended period of time.

A. hunger

B. malnutrition

C. deficiency

D. diet

______________________ help the body absorb certain vitamins, make food taste good, make baked goods tender, and keeps you full longer.

A. Carbohydrates

B. Protein

C. Fat

D. Fiber


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