Medical Quiz

Mutation & Genetic Engineering Quiz


What causes mutations?

A. Mistakes in replication or environmental substances

B. The amino acids

C. Passed down by genetics

D. It’s how your born

Putting the gene for bioluminescence into a fish is an example of…

A. Genetic Engineering

B. Selective Breeding

C. Artificial Selection

D. Gene Mutation

Which of the following is an example of a beneficial mutation?

A. When an organism’s lifespan becomes shorter.

B. When an organism becomes unable to reproduce.

C. When an organism’s body becomes deformed.

D. When an organism develops immunity to a disease.

When DNA is manipulated and moved from one source to another it is known as

A. genetic engineering

B. electrophoresis

C. gene therapy


Mutations are SOMETIMES helpful to the organism.



Evidence shows that the wolf is the ancestor to all of the breeds of dogs shown below. How did this variation arise in a relatively short period of time?

A. A. Genetic manipulation

B. Natural selection

C. Random chance

D. Selective breeding

A parent that has a mutation to their skin cells can pass this mutation to their offspring



Which organelle is DNA usually found in?

A. cell membrane

B. vacuole

C. chloroplast

D. nucleus

When can an acquired mutation be passed from parent to offspring?

A. only if the mutation occurs in sex cells

B. only if the mutation occurs in the y-chromosome

C. only if the parent has an acquired mutation in an autosomal chromosome

D. only if neither of the parents has the mutation in sex cells.

What are the effects that mutations can have?

A. only harmful effects

B. Harmful, helpful and neutral

C. only harmful and neutral effects

D. environmental

Mutations can benefit humans because they can:

A. Cause illness

B. Make an organism more suited to live in its environment.

C. Make organisms live shorter lives

D. Cause organisms to grow extra limbs.

Making changes in the DNA of an organism is

A. selective breeding

B. artificial selection

C. genetic engineering

D. genetic transformation

In which ways can genetic engineering can improve crops

A. Make them pest or drought resistant

B. Make them more nutritious

C. Make them larger

D. All answers are correct

Mutations are…

A. Changes in the sequence of DNA

B. Broken chromosomes

C. Bad genes

Mutations can be…

A. Harmful

B. Beneficial

C. Neutral

D. All of the Above

Selective breeding is…

A. a process to create an organism with desired traits from parents with those desired traits

B. natural method of producing offspring with desired traits

C. creating a new species

D. making organisms reproduce during times of stress

Increasing helpful traits to an organism is one way a breeder may use selective breeding.



What is a mutation?

A. No change in DNA

B. Any change in DNA

C. No change in RNA

An example of selective breeding is

A. a dog breeder mating 2 dogs to make more dogs

B. a farmer grows bees to pollinate the plants on his farm

C. a person pollinates 2 white rose plants to only create white roses

Genetic engineering has been used to produce

A. medicines.

B. food animals.

C. improved crops.

D. all of these.


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