Medical Quiz

Restrictive Respiratory Disorders Quiz


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The following is the pathophysiology for which restrictive pulmonary disease:

Airborne droplets inspired into lungs; inflammation –> inc neutrophil, macrophage activity; bacilli sealed off –> tubercle lesion; scar tissue

A. Tuberculosis

B. ARDS

C. Pulmonary fibrosis

D. Pneumonia


The following describes which restrictive pulmonary disease:

Open: air enters through chest wall opening;
Closed: no external wound: fx of rib, mech vent, spontaneous rupture of blebs;
Tension: open or close – life threatening: one way valve –> only air enters –> pressure builds & displacement of heart

A. Plural effusion

B. ARDS

C. Pulmonary fibrosis

D. Pneumothorax


The following are diagnostic tests for which restrictive pulmonary disease:

Tuberculin skin test; CXR; sputum culture

A. Pulmonary fibrosis

B. Tuberculosis

C. ARDS

D. Pneumonia


This is the pathophysiology of which restrictive pulmonary disease?

Infection of alveoli –> pulmonary membrane inflamed & porous –> fluid moves into alveoli –> lung tissue inflamed –> consolidated

A. Pneumonia

B. Pulmonary fibrosis

C. Plural effusion

D. ARDS


Parenchymal (pneumonia, ARDS, TB, fibrosis) and pleural (pneumothorax, pleural effusion) are classifications of which type of lung disease?

A. Restrictive

B. Obstructive


Type of lung disorder characterized by a reduction in lung volume.

Difficulty taking air inside the lung due to stiffness inside lung tissue.

A. Restrictive

B. Obstructive


The following describes the clinical manifestations of which restrictive pulmonary disease:

Hypoxemia; dec in BP; dyspnea; dec HR; pain; shift of heart & vessels

A. Pneumothorax

B. Plural effusion

C. Tuberculosis

D. ARDS


Using a pulmonary function test (PFT), we can detect which symptoms with restrictive lung disease?

A. Dec TLC
Inc VC
Dec RV

B. Dec TLC
Dec VC
Dec RV

C. Dec TLC
Dec VC
Inc RV

D. Dec TLC
Inc VC
Inc RV


The following are the clinical manifestations of which restrictive pulmonary disease?

Dyspnea; chest pain; cough

A. Pneumothorax

B. Pulmonary fibrosis

C. Tuberculosis

D. Pneumonia


The following defines which restrictive pulmonary disease?

Excessive amounts of fibrous tissue (scar tissue; inhalation of harmful substances; idiopathic)

A. Pulmonary fibrosis

B. Pneumothorax

C. Tuberculosis

D. Pneumonia


The following are treatments for which restrictive pulmonary disease?

Treat cause: Antibiotics (ABX), fluid, diuretics; respiratory support

A. Pneumonia

B. Pulmonary fibrosis

C. Tuberculosis

D. ARDS


The following describes which restrictive pulmonary disease:

Accumulation of air in the pleural space –> rupture in (visceral pleural or parietal pleural)

A. Plural effusion

B. Pneumonia

C. Pneumothorax

D. ARDS


The follow are some treatments for which restrictive pulmonary disease?

Antibiotics, pain meds, fever, hydration

A. ARDS

B. Pneumonia

C. Tuberculosis

D. Pulmonary Fibrosis


Name the 3 transmission routes of infection for pneumonia

A. 1. Aspiration
2. Sepsis
3. Inhalation (airborne pathogen)

B. 1. Aspiration
2. Sepsis
3. Hematogenous spread (from a primary infection in the blood)

C. 1. Aspiration
2. Sepsis
3. Toxic inhalations

D. 1. Aspiration
2. Inhalation (airborne pathogen)
3. Hematogenous spread (from a primary infection in the blood)


The following are treatments for which restrictive pulmonary disease?

Long-term antibiotics

A. Tuberculosis

B. ARDS

C. Pneumonia

D. Pulmonary fibrosis


Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes which restrictive pulmonary disease?

A. ARDS

B. Pneumonia

C. Tuberculosis

D. Pulmonary fibrosis


The following are clinical manifestations of which restrictive pulmonary disease?

Early : tachypnea; restlessness; dyspnea; mild hypoxemia; cough

Late : inc work of breathing; progressive hypoxemia; tachycardia; change in mental status

A. Tuberculosis

B. Pulmonary fibrosis

C. ARDS

D. Pneumonia


Pneumothorax, and pleural effusion are part of which classification of lung disease?

A. Parenchymal (functional tissue of the lungs)

B. Pleural (tissue covering the lungs)


The following are diagnostic tests for which restrictive pulmonary disease?

Chest X-ray, Blood gasses

A. Pulmonary fibrosis

B. Tuberculosis

C. Pneumonia

D. ARDS


The following is the pathophysiology of which restrictive pulmonary disease?

Fluid migrates through walls of capillaries (inc in capillary pressure; inc in capillary permeability; dec in colloidal osmotic pressure; inc in intrapleural negative pressure; impaired lymph drainage)

A. Plural effusion

B. Pneumothorax

C. ARDS

D. Pneumonia


Type of lung disorder characterized by a reduction in airflow.

Shortness of breath (difficult to exhale air)

A. Restrictive

B. Obstructive


The following are treatments for which restrictive pulmonary disease?

Oxygen, anti-inflammatory meds, bronchodilators

A. Tuberculosis

B. Plural effusion

C. Pulmonary fibrosis

D. Pulmonary fibrosis


The following are clinical manifestations of which restrictive pulmonary disease:

Fatigue; loss of appetite; weight loss; cough; fever; night sweats

A. ARDS

B. Pneumonia

C. Pulmonary fibrosis

D. Tuberculosis


Fever, chills, productive cough, pleuritic chest pain, malaise, weakness, SOB are clinical manifestations of which restrictive pulmonary disease?

A. Pulmonary fibrosis

B. Tuberculosis

C. ARDS

D. Pneumonia


A chest tube is a treatment for which restrictive pulmonary disease?

A. Tuberculosis

B. Plural effusion

C. Pneumothorax

D. ARDS




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