Medical Quiz

Thrombosis, Emboliya Quiz


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One of the causes of paradoxical embolism is:

A. Incomplete bottleneck

B. Pulmonary artery stenosis

C. Aortic constriction

D. reversible movement of the embolus

E. Failure of the portal vein system


Indicate the possible consequences of thrombosis in the veins of the human legs:

A. Pulmonary artery thromboembolism

B. cerebral artery embolism

C. portal hypertension

D. renal vascular embolism

E. Intestinal vascular embolism


What are the main causes of air embolism:

A. Injury of large veins

B. Chest injury

C. Injury of large arteries

D. B & C

E. A & B


The pathogenesis of true stasis is:

A. Intracapillary aggregation of erythrocytes

B. Slow blood flow in the capillaries

C. vasodilation and increased permeability

D. Complications of venous hemorrhage

E. cessation of bleeding


What centralized hemodynamic changes prove pulmonary artery embolism?

A. A drop in blood pressure within a large circulation

B. Increased pulmonary artery pressure

C. Increased blood pressure in the greater circulation

D. A & B


Indicate the adverse effects of thrombosis:

A. thrombus infection, sepsis

B. thromboembolism, purulent thrombus dissolution

C. venous and arterial hyperemia

D. Transfer and actualization of thrombus tissue to connective tissue

E. decoagulation, stasis


Pathophysiological processes underlying thrombosis EXCEPT:

A. Viscous metamorphosis of platelets

B. Increased intravenous colloidal osmotic pressure

C. hemocoagulation

D. agglutination of blood elements

E. The presence of leukocytes in the vascular wall


Consequences of retrograde embolism of the portal vein?

A. Venous failure of non-paired abdominal organs

B. Arterial and venous hyperemia of internal organs

C. Circulatory disorders of the liver

D. Ischemia and stasis of non-paired abdominal organs

E. cirrhosis of the liver


What are the possible consequences of arterial thrombosis:

A. heart attack

B. embolism

C. venous hyperemia

D. arterial hyperemia

E. proliferation


Consequences of thrombosis:

A. edema, mildew, multiple sclerosis

B. ischemia, venous hyperemia

C. arterial hyperemia, stasis

D. Increased metabolism

E. local temperature rise


Thrombosis is:

A. The process of formation of a formation of blood elements in the inner part of the vessel wall during life

B. Coagulation and maintenance of intravascular fluid in the event of a violation of the integrity of the vascular wall

C. Changes in the physicochemical properties of blood during disease processes

D. Formation of dead spots

E. is the obstruction of the flow of blood from these organs


What is retrograde embolism?

A. displacement depending on the weight of the embolus

B. Embolism that develops in large veins due to slow blood flow

C. An embolus that obeys the laws of hemodynamics

D. A & B

E. A & C


Identify the types of stasis:

A. ischemic

B. venous

C. TRUE

D. All of the above


The main factors influencing the formation of thrombi EXCEPT:

A. Slow blood flow

B. Disorders of laminar blood flow

C. Increased blood clotting

D. decreased platelet count in the blood

E. Damage to the vascular wall


Causes of true capillary stasis:

A. The effect of chemicals on tissues and blood vessels

B. The effect of high temperature on the roots

C. Failure of blood to enter the capillary network

D. A & B




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