Medical Quiz

Nervous / Sensory System Quiz


Preview:


Neurotransmitters are ______________ that travel across the ______________ to another cell.

A. electrical signals; receptors

B. electrical signals; synapse

C. chemicals; receptors

D. chemicals; synapse


What does the eustachian/auditory/pharygnotympanic tube do ?

A. helps with balance and equilibrium

B. filters out ear wax

C. Equalizes pressure between the middle and outer ear


The human eye is surrounded by how many muscles?

A. 4

B. 2

C. 6

D. 5


Which part of the eye contracts and dilates based on the environment? 

A. Pupil

B. Cornea

C. Sclera

D. Iris


Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A. Taste is referred to as the gustatory sense.

B. Taste is referred to as the olfactory sense.

C. There are five primary tastes.

D. Taste buds are specialised to be more sensitive to one of the primary tastes.


Nearsightedness is also known as ….

A. Myopia

B. Hyperpopia

C. Presbyopia

D. none of the above


The outer ear, responsible for gathering and focusing sound waves, is called the

A. anvil

B. pinna

C. stirrup

D. cochlea


The branch like figures that receive impulses & conducts them to the cell body

A. Dendrite

B. Axon

C. Cell Body

D. Myelin Sheath


The skin senses for which of the following?

A. Temperature

B. Pressure

C. Pain

D. Touch

E. The skin can sense all of these


The blind spot is created by the

A. retina

B. optic nerve leaving the eye through the retina

C. nothing; we don’t have one


What are the three main sections of the hearing system?

A. outer ear, middle ear, inner ear

B. ear, nerve, brain

C. left ear, right ear, brain


Dr. Vazquez is examining a cell from the nervous system of an animal. He notices that at one end of the cell body is a long, fibrous strand of tissue. He immediately recognizes this as an axon that is responsible for

A. carrying signals away from the cell body

B. receiving signals from other cells and carrying them toward the cell body.

C. determining the speed at which an action potential will travel

D. determining whether the cell inhibits or excites neighboring neurons


Senses that respond to chemicals in solution utilize which of the following:

A. Meissner’s corpuscle

B. chemoreceptors

C. crista ampullaris

D. beta lactamase


A body part that responds to information from the outside world

A. brain

B. taste buds

C. optical illusion

D. sense organ


The optic nerve transmits signals to the

A. temporal lobe

B. parietal lobe

C. occipital lobe

D. frontal lobe


Dopamine and Serotonin are examples of _______________

A. Axon

B. Neurotransmitters

C. Somatic Nerves

D. Autonomic Nerves


Your sense of smell and taste are part of what system?

A. Digestive system

B. Nervous system

C. Ionic system

D. Respiratory system


What is the middle ear filled with in a healthy ear?

A. endolymph

B. perilymph

C. air

D. water


Proprioception relies on inputs from all of the following sensory systems EXCEPT

A. the eyes

B. the skin

C. the nose

D. the inner ear


The cochlea of the inner ear is lined with ______ to create an electrical signal which travels to the brain.

A. photoreceptors

B. chemoreceptors

C. neuroreceptors

D. mechanoreceptors


What part of the inner ear helps you keep your balance ?

A. Vestibule

B. the Ossicles (MISO)

C. Pinna

D. Semicircular canals


The portion of the outer ear which sound waves hit, leading to vibrations which are passed along to the tiny bones of the middle ear, is the

A. ear canal

B. ear drum

C. auditory nerve

D. cochlea


The two major parts of the nervous system are the

A. brain and spinal cord

B. central and somatic nervous systems

C. sympathetic and parasympathetic systems.

D. peripheral and central nervous systems


Which of the following senses are most closely related:

A. touch and smell

B. smell and taste

C. taste and hearing

D. hearing and smell


The nerves associated with smell are referred to as the:

A. olfactory receptor cells

B. smell cells

C. gustatory receptor cells

D. umami cells




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