Medical Quiz

Nervous / Sensory System Quiz


Dopamine and Serotonin are examples of _______________

A. Axon

B. Neurotransmitters

C. Somatic Nerves

D. Autonomic Nerves

Nearsightedness is also known as ….

A. Myopia

B. Hyperpopia

C. Presbyopia

D. none of the above

Something you detect using your sensory receptors is called a…

A. stimulus

B. reflex

C. sense

D. touch

What part of the inner ear helps you keep your balance ?

A. Vestibule

B. the Ossicles (MISO)

C. Pinna

D. Semicircular canals

The branch like figures that receive impulses & conducts them to the cell body

A. Dendrite

B. Axon

C. Cell Body

D. Myelin Sheath

The optic nerve has a covering that helps protect and insulate it called the

A. muscle fiber

B. fat layer

C. myelin sheath

D. trash bag

Cornea is abnormally curved, causes blurry vision because it is unable to focus.

A. Temporarily Blind 

B. Blindness

C. Eye

D. Astigmatism

The skin senses for which of the following?

A. Temperature

B. Pressure

C. Pain

D. Touch

E. The skin can sense all of these

Which part of the eye contracts and dilates based on the environment? 

A. Pupil

B. Cornea

C. Sclera

D. Iris

The blind spot is created by the

A. retina

B. optic nerve leaving the eye through the retina

C. nothing; we don’t have one

The papillae are:

A. The bumps on the tongue that contain the taste buds.

B. The taste buds.

C. Receptors which are found in the nose.

D. Receptors in the back of the eye which detect light.

The cochlea of the inner ear is lined with ______ to create an electrical signal which travels to the brain.

A. photoreceptors

B. chemoreceptors

C. neuroreceptors

D. mechanoreceptors

Dr. Vazquez is examining a cell from the nervous system of an animal. He notices that at one end of the cell body is a long, fibrous strand of tissue. He immediately recognizes this as an axon that is responsible for

A. carrying signals away from the cell body

B. receiving signals from other cells and carrying them toward the cell body.

C. determining the speed at which an action potential will travel

D. determining whether the cell inhibits or excites neighboring neurons

What are the ossicles of the ear ? (1,2,3 in order )

A. Malleus,incus,stapes (MISO)

B. Incus,vestibule,oval window

Which of the following senses are most closely related:

A. touch and smell

B. smell and taste

C. taste and hearing

D. hearing and smell

Senses that respond to chemicals in solution utilize which of the following:

A. Meissner’s corpuscle

B. chemoreceptors

C. crista ampullaris

D. beta lactamase

Neurotransmitters are ______________ that travel across the ______________ to another cell.

A. electrical signals; receptors

B. electrical signals; synapse

C. chemicals; receptors

D. chemicals; synapse

What is the middle ear filled with in a healthy ear?

A. endolymph

B. perilymph

C. air

D. water

The portion of the outer ear which sound waves hit, leading to vibrations which are passed along to the tiny bones of the middle ear, is the

A. ear canal

B. ear drum

C. auditory nerve

D. cochlea

The human eye is surrounded by how many muscles?

A. 4

B. 2

C. 6

D. 5

Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A. Taste is referred to as the gustatory sense.

B. Taste is referred to as the olfactory sense.

C. There are five primary tastes.

D. Taste buds are specialised to be more sensitive to one of the primary tastes.

The outer ear, responsible for gathering and focusing sound waves, is called the

A. anvil

B. pinna

C. stirrup

D. cochlea

Small projections located on the tongue’s surface where taste buds are located are known as:

A. papillae

B. gustatory cells

C. olfactory epithelium

D. mucous producing glands

The two major parts of the nervous system are the

A. brain and spinal cord

B. central and somatic nervous systems

C. sympathetic and parasympathetic systems.

D. peripheral and central nervous systems

Proprioception relies on inputs from all of the following sensory systems EXCEPT

A. the eyes

B. the skin

C. the nose

D. the inner ear


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