Medical Quiz

Human Anatomy and Physiology Quiz


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Anuria means

A. Excessive urine formation

B. Reduced urine formation

C. No urine formation

D. Blood in the urine


Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce monosaccharides

A. Chymotrypsin

B. Amylase

C. Trypsin

D. Phosphatase

E. Nucleosidase


Which of the following cells secrete gastric acid?

A. Mucous cells

B. Parietal cells

C. Chief cells

D. Serosa cells

E. Chyme cells


Which of the following branching of the bronchial tree that has gas-exchanging capabilities?

A. Terminal bronchioles

B. Respiratory bronchioles

C. Tertiary bronchi

D. Primary bronchi


This is not a function of insulin

A. Decreasing glycogenolysis

B. Lipogenesis

C. Gluconeogenesis

D. Gycogenesis


Which of the following substances is/are NOT reabsorbed by the nephrons of the kidney?

A. Creatinine

B. Sodium ions

C. Bicarbonate ions

D. Urea


Which of the following hormones promotes the excretion of potassium ions and the reabsorption of sodium ions in the kidney tubules

A. Aldosterone

B. Renin

C. ADH

D. None


Which one of the following statement is NOT correct regarding trachea

A. It usually lies posterior to the muscular esophagus

B. It splits into the right and left bronchi to supply air to the lungs

C. Opening to the trachea is covered by epiglottis

D. Tracheal rings are C-shaped


How is cardiac output calculated?

A. Heart rate x mean artieral pressure

B. Stroke volume / heart rate

C. Stroke volume x Heart rate

D. Stroke volume x Total peripheral resistance


Steatorrhea is the presence of increased undigested fat in feces. Which organ is LEAST likely to be the cause of a patient’s steatorrhea?

A. Liver

B. Small intestine

C. Pancreas

D. Stomach


Why do emotions such as anger or fear slow digestion?

A. Because they stimulate the parasympathetic nerves supplying the GI tract

B. Because they stimulate the somatic nerves that supply the GI tract

C. Because they stimulate the sympathetic nerves that supply the GI tract

D. They do not affect digestion

E. Because all emotions are controlled by the vagus nerve


The area where the renal artery enters the kidney and the renal vein and ureter exits the kidney is called the __________.

A. Renal hilus

B. Renal medulla

C. Juxtamedullary area

D. Afferent artery


Which of the following hormones would bind to receptors located on the inside of a cell?

A. Testosterone

B. Follicle-Stimulating Hormone

C. Prolactin

D. Growth Hormone


Which has the highest pressure?

A. Both are equal

B. Pulmonary

C. Systemic

D. None


Which of the following does NOT happen during inspiration?

A. The ribs move upward

B. The diaphragm lifts up

C. The antero-posterior dimensions of the chest are increased

D. The tranverse dimensions of the thorax are increased

E. The scalene and sternocleidomastoid muscles can be recruited for inspiration


The volume of air moved in and out of the lung during quiet breathing is called _________.

A. Tidal volume

B. Vital capacity

C. Ventilation rate

D. Total lung capacity


This hormone is not secreted by Hypothalamus

A. PRH

B. FSH

C. CRH

D. TRH


Which of the following is correct regarding the renin‐angiotensinogen mechanism?

A. A decrease in blood pressure results in the release of renin which converts angiotensinogen I to angiotensinogen II. The angiotensin‐converting enzyme converts angiotensinogen II to angiotensin, which stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete aldosterone, a hormone that is involved in increasing blood pressure.

B. A decrease in blood pressure results in the release of renin which converts angiotensinogen to angiotensin I. The angiotensin‐converting enzyme converts angiotensin I to angiotensin II, which stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete aldosterone, a hormone that is involved in increasing blood pressure.

C. A decrease in blood pressure results in the release of angiotensin‐converting enzyme, which converts angiotensin to angiotensinogen I. The angiotensin‐converting enzyme then converts angiotensinogen I to angiotensinogen II. Angiotensinogen II then stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete renin, which is involved in increasing blood pressure.


Which of following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?

A. Ingestion

B. Secretion

C. Mixing and propulsion

D. Absorption


This is not an endocrine gland

A. Adrenal

B. Pituitary

C. Lacrimal

D. Thyroid




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