Viruses Biomolecules Quiz


Preview:


Viruses are cells.
A. True
B. FALSE


Which viral life cycle allows viral genetic material to lay dormant while the host cell reproduces?
A. lytic
B. mitosis
C. lysogenic
D. S phase


Lysis is 
A. rupture of a cell membrane
B. replication of a virus
C. bacterial reproduction
D. a process that rarely happens


Which biomolecule is this a picture of?
A.     Protein
B.     Nucleic Acid
C.     Lipid
D.     Carbohydrate


Which of the following is NOT a biomolecule?
A. Water
B. Nucleic Acid
C. Protein
D. Lipid


Which biomolecule is responsible for insulation and LONG term energy storage?
A. Proteins
B. Nucleic Acids
C. Lipids
D. Carbohydrates


Which of the following occurs right after a virus attaches to a host cell in the viral reproduction process?
A. The host cell dies
B. The virus dies
C. The virus inserts its genetic information into the host cell
D. copies of the virus are immediately released from the host


Which biomolecule is this a picture of? (Hint: it is made of amino acids)
A.     Proteins
B.     Nucleic Acids
C.     Lipids
D.     Carbohydrates


What part of a virus is the protein capsule that houses the genetic material (DNA/RNA)?
A. tail
B. nucleus
C. capsid
D. glycoprotein


What part of the virus is number 3?
A.     Capsid
B.     DNA
C.     Surface Markers
D.     Envelope


The reason that viruses are considered to be nonliving is because
A. They are not cellular
B. They cannot reproduce on their own
C. They cannot make proteins
D. all of the above


Lipids are made up of which of the following?
A. glycerol and fatty acids tails
B. glycerol and monolipids
C. fatty acids and phosolipids
D. amino acids and nucleotides


Which biomolecule includes sugars and starches? (Hint: simple or complex)
A. Lipids
B. Proteins
C. Carbohydrates
D. Nucleic Acids


A(n) _____ is a virus that enters a bacterial cell.
A. endospore
B. decomposer
C. plasmid
D. bacteriophage


What do viruses need to reproduce?
A. they need genetic material
B. They need a host cell
C. They need bacteria
D. They need insulin


What is the monomer for a protein?
A. Monosaccharide
B. Triglyceride
C. Amino Acid
D. Nucleotide


What is the first step of the virus reproduction cycle?
A. The viruses genetic material (DNA) starts to take over the functions of the cell
B. The host cell bursts open, releasing the new viruses
C. The virus injects its genetic material into the cell
D. A virus attaches to the surface of a host cell


What do viruses have in common with living cells? They both…
A. store genetic information
B. have chloroplasts
C. use glucose for cellular respiration
D. have endoplasmic reticulum


Which biomolecule is found in pastas and breads? (Hint: it is a polymer)
A.     Lipid
B.     Protein
C.     Simple Carbohydrate
D.     Complex Carbohydrate


Which biomolecule is made of nucleotides and contain you DNA?
A. Carbohydrate
B. Lipids
C. Protein
D. Nucleic Acid


Which biomolecule is made of nucleotides and include your DNA? (Hint: they carry genetic information)
A.     Carbohydrate
B.     Lipids
C.     Protein
D.     Nucleic Acid


The monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid is
A.     Monosaccharide
B.     Amino Acid
C.     Nucleotide
D.     Polysaccharide


ALL polymers (large molecules) are made up of…
A. monosaccharides
B. monomers
C. proteins
D. None of these


Is a virus considered living or non-living?
A. Living
B. Non-Living
C. Neither


What part of the virus is number 1?
A.     Capsid
B.     DNA
C.     Surface Markers
D.     Envelope




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