Medical Quiz

Viruses Biomolecules Quiz


Preview:


Which biomolecule is this a picture of? (Hint: it is made of amino acids)
A.     Proteins
B.     Nucleic Acids
C.     Lipids
D.     Carbohydrates


Lysis is 
A. rupture of a cell membrane
B. replication of a virus
C. bacterial reproduction
D. a process that rarely happens


What part of the virus is number 2?
A.     Capsid
B.     DNA
C.     Surface Markers
D.     Envelope


Which biomolecule is made of nucleotides and include your DNA? (Hint: they carry genetic information)
A.     Carbohydrate
B.     Lipids
C.     Protein
D.     Nucleic Acid


What part of the virus is number 1?
A.     Capsid
B.     DNA
C.     Surface Markers
D.     Envelope


ALL polymers (large molecules) are made up of…
A. monosaccharides
B. monomers
C. proteins
D. None of these


Is a virus considered living or non-living?
A. Living
B. Non-Living
C. Neither


Which biomolecule includes sugars and starches? (Hint: simple or complex)
A. Lipids
B. Proteins
C. Carbohydrates
D. Nucleic Acids


Lipids are made up of which of the following?
A. glycerol and fatty acids tails
B. glycerol and monolipids
C. fatty acids and phosolipids
D. amino acids and nucleotides


Which biomolecule is this a picture of?
A.     Protein
B.     Nucleic Acid
C.     Lipid
D.     Carbohydrate


What do viruses have in common with living cells? They both…
A. store genetic information
B. have chloroplasts
C. use glucose for cellular respiration
D. have endoplasmic reticulum


The reason that viruses are considered to be nonliving is because
A. They are not cellular
B. They cannot reproduce on their own
C. They cannot make proteins
D. all of the above


What is the first step of the virus reproduction cycle?
A. The viruses genetic material (DNA) starts to take over the functions of the cell
B. The host cell bursts open, releasing the new viruses
C. The virus injects its genetic material into the cell
D. A virus attaches to the surface of a host cell


Monomers combine to form ________ through the process of ________.
A. polymers; hydrolysis
B. polymers; dehydration synthesis
C. monomers; hydrolysis
D. monomers; dehydration synthesis


The monomer (building block) of a nucleic acid is
A.     Monosaccharide
B.     Amino Acid
C.     Nucleotide
D.     Polysaccharide


Viruses are cells.
A. True
B. FALSE


Which biomolecule is made of nucleotides and contain you DNA?
A. Carbohydrate
B. Lipids
C. Protein
D. Nucleic Acid


Which viral life cycle allows viral genetic material to lay dormant while the host cell reproduces?
A. lytic
B. mitosis
C. lysogenic
D. S phase


A(n) _____ is a virus that enters a bacterial cell.
A. endospore
B. decomposer
C. plasmid
D. bacteriophage


What part of the virus is number 3?
A.     Capsid
B.     DNA
C.     Surface Markers
D.     Envelope


What do viruses need to reproduce?
A. they need genetic material
B. They need a host cell
C. They need bacteria
D. They need insulin


What is the monomer for a protein?
A. Monosaccharide
B. Triglyceride
C. Amino Acid
D. Nucleotide


What is a way to become immune to a disease without first having the disease?
A. antibiotics
B. Anti-retroviral drugs
C. Vaccinations
D. Exposure Therapies


Which biomolecule is responsible for insulation and LONG term energy storage?
A. Proteins
B. Nucleic Acids
C. Lipids
D. Carbohydrates


What part of a virus is the protein capsule that houses the genetic material (DNA/RNA)?
A. tail
B. nucleus
C. capsid
D. glycoprotein




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