Medical Quiz

Urinary System Quiz


Renal autoregulation consist of myogenic mechanism and tubuloglomerular feedback



Extracellular fluid consist of 80% interstitial fluid and 20% plasma



Dark yellow urine would be a symptom of 

A. hematuria

B. overhydration

C. cystitis

D. dehydration

water and nitrogenous wastes is

A. blood

B. pus

C. urine


Which of the following is known as the region of collection in the kidney?

A. Hilum

B. Cortex

C. Medulla

D. Renal pelvis

Urine is carried from the kidneys to the bladder by two thin tubes called …

A. Ureters

B. Capillaries

C. Urinary tracts

D. Tubules

Na-Glucose symporter and Na- H+ antiporter is present in

A. Collecting duct

B. Distal convulated tubule

C. Proximal convulated tubule

D. Loop of henle

Inflammation of the bladder

A. nephritis

B. cystitis

C. sinusitis

D. renalitis

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is controlled by

A. Renal autoregulation

B. Neural regulation

C. Hormonal regulation

D. All of the above

How long are the ureters?

A. 20 to 25 centimeters

B. 25 to 30 centimeters

C. 30 to 35 centimeters

D. 35 to 40 centimeters

Which of the following is NOT an example of fluid output?

A. Vomiting

B. Sweating

C. Coughing

D. Feces

Which of the following would NOT be a symptom of cystitis?

A. fever

B. dysuria

C. pyuria

D. polyuria

What is the structural unit of the kidney?

A. Urine

B. Nephron

C. Hormone

D. Neuron

involuntary urination is known as

A. continence

B. anuria

C. incontinence

D. uremia

Blood enters the kidney through which of the following structures?

A. Renal artery

B. Thoracic artery

C. Pulmonary artery

D. Carotid artery

What regulates the work of the kidney?

A. Hormones

B. Hypothalamus

C. Heart

D. Muscles

What is the length of the ureter?

A. About 1 meter

B. About 50 cm

C. About 40 cm

D. About 30 cm

Where are the kidneys situated?

A. In the cranium

B. Behind the abdominal cavity

C. In the lower part of the abdomen

D. On the left side

Which of the following is NOT a step in the production of urine?

A. Micturition

B. Filtration

C. Reabsorption

D. Secretion

What does the urinary bladder serve for?

A. Temporary collection of urine

B. Formation of urine

C. Collection of stones

D. Discharge of waste products

Mechanism to maintain pH of blood includes

A. Buffer systems

B. Exhalation of carbon dioxide

C. Kidney excretion of H+

D. All of the above

Which of the following is a primary or secondary immune-mediated renal disease characterized by inflammation of the glomeruli, or small blood vessels in the kidneys?

A. Cystitis

B. Glomerulonephritis

C. Incontinence

D. Kidney stones

Where is the bladder situated?

A. Under the stomach

B. Under the liver

C. Behind the heart

D. In the lower part of the abdomen

Microbes are which of the following?

A. Sugar found in urine

B. Organic compounds found in urine

C. Red and white cells found in urine

D. Various bacteria found in urine

Blood in urine 

A. dysuria

B. polyuria

C. pyuria

D. hematuria


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