Medical Quiz

Urinary System Quiz


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Renal autoregulation consist of myogenic mechanism and tubuloglomerular feedback

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Extracellular fluid consist of 80% interstitial fluid and 20% plasma

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Dark yellow urine would be a symptom of 

A. hematuria

B. overhydration

C. cystitis

D. dehydration


water and nitrogenous wastes is

A. blood

B. pus

C. urine

D. CSF


Which of the following is known as the region of collection in the kidney?

A. Hilum

B. Cortex

C. Medulla

D. Renal pelvis


Urine is carried from the kidneys to the bladder by two thin tubes called …

A. Ureters

B. Capillaries

C. Urinary tracts

D. Tubules


Na-Glucose symporter and Na- H+ antiporter is present in

A. Collecting duct

B. Distal convulated tubule

C. Proximal convulated tubule

D. Loop of henle


Inflammation of the bladder

A. nephritis

B. cystitis

C. sinusitis

D. renalitis


Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is controlled by

A. Renal autoregulation

B. Neural regulation

C. Hormonal regulation

D. All of the above


How long are the ureters?

A. 20 to 25 centimeters

B. 25 to 30 centimeters

C. 30 to 35 centimeters

D. 35 to 40 centimeters


Which of the following is NOT an example of fluid output?

A. Vomiting

B. Sweating

C. Coughing

D. Feces


Which of the following would NOT be a symptom of cystitis?

A. fever

B. dysuria

C. pyuria

D. polyuria


What is the structural unit of the kidney?

A. Urine

B. Nephron

C. Hormone

D. Neuron


involuntary urination is known as

A. continence

B. anuria

C. incontinence

D. uremia


Blood enters the kidney through which of the following structures?

A. Renal artery

B. Thoracic artery

C. Pulmonary artery

D. Carotid artery


What regulates the work of the kidney?

A. Hormones

B. Hypothalamus

C. Heart

D. Muscles


What is the length of the ureter?

A. About 1 meter

B. About 50 cm

C. About 40 cm

D. About 30 cm


Where are the kidneys situated?

A. In the cranium

B. Behind the abdominal cavity

C. In the lower part of the abdomen

D. On the left side


Which of the following is NOT a step in the production of urine?

A. Micturition

B. Filtration

C. Reabsorption

D. Secretion


What does the urinary bladder serve for?

A. Temporary collection of urine

B. Formation of urine

C. Collection of stones

D. Discharge of waste products


Mechanism to maintain pH of blood includes

A. Buffer systems

B. Exhalation of carbon dioxide

C. Kidney excretion of H+

D. All of the above


Which of the following is a primary or secondary immune-mediated renal disease characterized by inflammation of the glomeruli, or small blood vessels in the kidneys?

A. Cystitis

B. Glomerulonephritis

C. Incontinence

D. Kidney stones


Where is the bladder situated?

A. Under the stomach

B. Under the liver

C. Behind the heart

D. In the lower part of the abdomen


Microbes are which of the following?

A. Sugar found in urine

B. Organic compounds found in urine

C. Red and white cells found in urine

D. Various bacteria found in urine


Blood in urine 

A. dysuria

B. polyuria

C. pyuria

D. hematuria




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