Medical Quiz

Urinary System, Fluid, Electrolyte and ph Balance Quiz


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Complete this equation: CO2+ ____ <--> ____ <--> ___ + HCO3-

A. H2O; H2CO3; H+

B. H2CO3; H2O; CO2

C. H2O; H+; COOH

D. COOH; H+, CO3-


Identify Letter G

A. Ureter

B. Renal Capsule

C. Renal Coretx

D. Renal Medulla


Identify Letter I

A. Renal Pyramid

B. Major Calyx

C. Minor Calyx

D. Renal Medulla


What hormone is stimulated by the release of Angiotensin II?

A. Angiotensinogen

B. Aldosterone

C. ADH

D. ANP


Which is the scientific study of the urinary system and its functions?

A. Nephrology

B. Urology

C. Renology

D. Myology


What is the main driving force for filtration to occur?

A. Blood Pressure

B. Osmotic Pressure

C. Concentration Gradient

D. Active Transport


What effect does dilating the afferent arteriole have on GFR?

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. None


What effect do diuretics have on urine production?

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. None


Which hormone is produced by the kidney but does not regulate urinary function?

A. Erythropoeitin

B. Aldosterone

C. AHD

D. Calcitrol


What effect does increased GFR have on blood volume?

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. None


Which is the final storage site for urine before it exits the kidney?

A. Renal Pelvis

B. Major Caylx

C. Minor Caylx

D. Ureter


Which ion’s concentration is regulated by the parathyroid?

A. Na

B. Cl

C. Ca

D. K


Identify Letter F

A. Ureter

B. Renal Capsule

C. Renal Coretx

D. Renal Medulla


Where does the majority of reabsorption take place?

A. Bowman’s Capsule

B. PCT

C. Loop of Henle

D. DCT


Into which structure does urine flow from the collecting ducts?

A. Minor Calyx

B. DCT

C. PCT

D. Ureter


Where in the nephron does filtration occur?

A. Bowman’s Capsule

B. DCT

C. PCT

D. Collecting Duct


When respiratory rate increases, what happens to the body’s pH?

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Nothing


Identify Letter H

A. Ureter

B. Renal Capsule

C. Renal Coretx

D. Renal Medulla


What is the protective covering of the kidney called?

A. Renal Capsule

B. Renal Cortex

C. Renal Medulla

D. Renal Pelvis


What is the main source of water gain?

A. Ingestion

B. Metabolism

C. Secretion

D. Reabsorption


What is the nervous control of the external urethral sphincter?

A. Voluntary

B. Involuntary


Which class of macromolecules is most affected by a change in pH?

A. Protein

B. Carbohydrate

C. Lipids

D. Nucleic Acids




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