Medical Quiz

Mnt For Pulmonary Disease and Adverse Reactions to Food Quiz


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I. The term COPD encompasses both chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

II. Emphysema is characterized by the persistent inflammation and excessive secretions of mucus in the main airways of the lungs.

A. Statement I is incorrect

B. Statement II is incorrect

C. Both statements are correct

D. Both statements are incorrect


A food challenge in which neither the patient nor physician knows the identity of the test food component, which is usually disguised as a powder in a food known to be tolerated or in a gelatin capsule.

A. Double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC)

B. Single-blind food challenge

C. Open food challenge

D. None of the above


I. Food allergies are more common than food intolerances.

II. Immune-mediated food allergy can cause life-threatening anaphylactic reactions, whereas food intolerances do not.

A. Statement I is incorrect

B. Statement II is incorrect

C. Both statements are correct

D. Both statements are incorrect


The ff are dietary intervention for COPD except

A. small, frequent feeding

B. Na controlled

C. Avoid gas forming foods

D. None of the above


I. Antibody is any molecule that will elicit an immune response in the body.

II. When it elicits a hypersensitivity reaction as in allergy, it is called an allergen.

A. Statement I is correct

B. Statement II is correct

C. Both statements are correct

D. Both statements are incorrect


Respiratory stress may lead to weight loss and malnutrition due to the ff:

I. Restricted food intake

II. Decreased energy needs

III. Muscle wasting

A. I & II

B. I & III

C. II & III

D. All of the above


is used when it is unclear whether the reaction is immunologically-related or due to a biochemical or physiologic defect

A. Food sensitivity

B. Adverse effect

C. Food Intolerance

D. Food Allergy


The following are major food allergens except

A. Milk

B. Eggs

C. Wheat

D. None of the above


I. The symptoms of food allergy involve multiple organs systems, including the dermatologic, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and neurologic systems.

II. Frequent urination and bed wetting are some of these symptoms.

A. Statement I is incorrect

B. Statement II is incorrect

C. Both statements are correct

D. Both statements are incorrect


I. In the treatment of asthma, growth must be monitored in children.

II. Higher BMI = high risk of developing asthma

A. Statement I is correct

B. Statement II is correct

C. Both statements are correct

D. Both statements are incorrect


I. Food allergy is an adverse immune-mediated reaction to a food that a person has been sensitized to, and which, when eaten, causes the release of inflammatory mediators or chemicals that act on body tissues and results in symptoms.

II. Food intolerances is an adverse reaction to a food or food additive that does not involve the immune system and results from the body’s inability to digest, absorb, or metabolize a food or component of the food.

A. Statement I is correct

B. Statement II is correct

C. Both statements are correct

D. Both statements are incorrect


I. Dietary management of adverse food reactions involve thorough recording of food and symptoms experienced over a period of 7 to 14 days to carefully analyze the culprit of allergic reaction.

II. Once a food is suspected to cause clinical symptoms, it will be eliminated in the diet for 4 to 12 weeks (food elimination).

A. Statement I is correct

B. Statement II is correct

C. Both statements are correct

D. Both statements are incorrect


The following are causes and examples of food intolerances except

A. Cystic fibrosis

B. Lactose intolerance

C. Phenylketonuria

D. None of the above


Substance found in shrimps, avocado, instant potatoes, dried fruits and vegetables that may cause food intolerance

A. Benzoates

B. Sulfites

C. Phenylethylamine

D. Tyramine


Unless contraindicated, high fat (45-50%) diet is recommended in the management of COPD because of its low respiratory quotient (RQ). What is the RQ of carbohydrates?

A. 1

B. 0.7

C. 0.8

D. 0.85




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