Medical Quiz

3M Micropara Quiz


this refers to the ability of the pathogen to cause a disease

A. pathogenicity

B. pathogenesis

C. pathology

D. pathophysiology

why does being an obligate intracellular pathogen considered a virulent factor?

A. these pathogens are able to evade the cellular immune response and can be eliminated by the presence of humoral antibodies

B. these pathogens can reside practically both inside and outside of the cell whenever deemed necessary

C. these pathogens can quickly adapt to extracellular environment

D. these pathogens are able to evade the humoral antibodies and can be eliminated by a cellular immune response

the molecule found on the surface of the pathogen has the capability to recognize and bind to a particular receptor

A. receptor

B. ligand

C. integrin

D. antigen

which of the following statements is true about endotoxins

A. they are found in the cell walls of gram positive bacteria

B. they are produced within the cells of acid fast bacilli and then released from those cells

C. they are found on the cell wall of gram negative bacteria

D. they are produced within the cells of spirochetes and then released from those cells

this exoenzyme is also known as the spreading factor

A. fibrinolysins

B. lecithinase

C. hyaluronidase

D. necrotizing enzymes

During which phase in the course of an infectious disease does the host experience typical symptoms associated with that particular disease?

A. convalescent period

B. period of illness

C. prodromal period

D. incubation period

This is used as a way to express how pathogenic or how strong a microorganism is causing a disease

A. severity

B. symptomaticity

C. virulence

D. infectivity

which of the following is true about infection

A. presentation of signs and symptoms are necessary for an infectious disease to happen

B. infections may happen when pathogens land on a site without specific receptor

C. presence of indigenous microbiota facilitates the colonization of pathogen

D. colonization of pathogen in which the host doesnt necessarily have to present with signs and symptoms

the period of illness stage begins with

A. exposure to the agent

B. the time of diagnosis

C. pathological changes

D. the patients first symptoms

example of a sign

A. loss of appetite

B. weight loss

C. nausea

D. fatigue

this refers to the mechanisms involved in the development of disease

A. pathogenesis

B. pathophysiology

C. pathogenicity

D. pathology

When the pathogens surface antigens closely resembles host antigens and are therefore not recognized as foreign

A. molecular mimicry

B. antibody destruction

C. camouflage

D. antigenic variation

These exoenzymes that allow the pathogens to escape from clots

A. coagulase

B. fibrinolysins

C. hemolysins

D. hyaluronidase

the beginning of the incubation period if disease is marked by

A. time of diaganosis

B. first pathological changes

C. exposure to the agent

D. onset of symptoms

infection that involves 2 or more organ system

A. primary infection

B. localized infection

C. systemic infection

D. secondary infection

the classical epidemiologic triad of disease causation consists of factors which fall into which of the following categories

A. host, reservoir, environment

B. host, age, environment

C. host, vector, environment

D. host, agent, environment

example of a symptom

A. fatigue

B. elevated WBS in CBC

C. rash

D. weight loss

what is the correct order of the different stages in the course of infectious disease

A. incubation period, period of illness, prodromal period, convalescent period

B. incubation period, prodromal period, period of illness, convalescent period

C. convalescent period, period of illness, prodromal period, incubation period

D. convalescent period, prodromal period, period of illness, incubation period

infections known to have a rapid onset and recovery

A. chronic infection

B. primary infection

C. latent infection

D. acute infection

which of the following is true about secondary infection

A. this infection may go from symptomatic to symptomatic then go back to symptomatic

B. it is caused by the same pathogen as the primary infection

C. it is caused by a different pathogen

D. the infectious disease kept lie low right before the onset of secondary infection


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