Cell Review Quiz


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What part of the cell cycle is this cell in?
A. Mitosis
B. Interphase
C. Telophase
D. Cytokinesis


The material being acted on by an enzyme is called a what?
A. Catalyst 
B. Product
C. Substrate
D. Lipid


Cells need to bring in molecules to carry out cellular processes. Often, this requires moving the molecules across the cell membrane against the concentration gradient. How do these molecules get into the cell?
A. passive transport by diffusion
B. active transport using ATP 
C. passive transport by osmosis
D.  osmosis


_____ is the uncontrolled growth of cells, often resulting in a tumor or mass of abnormal cells

A. Cancer

B. Apoptosis

C. Radiation


Which is an example of how humans maintain homeostasis in bad environmental conditions?
A. sweating in the heat
B. shivering in the heat
C. digesting amino acids
D. regulating glucose levels


What is the longest phase in MITOSIS?
A. Prophase
B. Metaphase
C. Interphase
D. Anaphase


What phase is this cell in?
A. Cytokinesis
B. Mitosis
C. Prophase
D. Metaphase


This is a ____.
A. Golgi body
B. plasma membrane
C. lysosome
D. cell wall


The movement of materials that requires energy is called…

A. active transport

B. passive transport

C. massive transport

D. proactive transport


Which of the following phrases best describes cytokenesis
A. division of the cytoplasm
B. division of the nucleus
C. division of DNA
D. division of surface area


In which stage of the cell cycle does the cell grow in size?

A. G1

B. S

C. G2

D. Mitosis


Which part of the Cell Cycle takes the longest?
A. Interphase
B. Mitosis
C. Prophase
D. Cytokinesis


Which describes a hypertonic environment?

A. Too much water in the cell will cause the cell to burst – the percentage of water is higher outside the cell than inside the cell

B. Too little water in the cell will cause the cell to shrink – the percentage of water is lower outside the cell than inside the cell

C. Concentrations of water are equal inside and outside the cell


What organelle serves as the internal structure for a cell?
A. Cell Membrane
B. Cytoskeleton
C. Cytoplasm
D. Cell Wall


The movement of materials that does NOT require energy is called…

A. active transport

B. passive transport

C. massive transport

D. proactive transport


This is a _____________________ cell because it has a __________________.
A. Prokaryotic, Eukaryotic
B. Eukaryotic, Nucleus
C. Prokaryotic, Ribosomes
D. Bacteria, Animal


What is the main function (job) of the cell membrane?
A. To regulate what enters and exits the cell
B. To support and protect plant cells
C. To make proteins
D. To store water and nutrients


Radiation is often used for cancer therapy because it can trigger __________________.

A. the immune system

B. apoptosis

C. cells to skip the cell cycle

D. further cell mutation


What phase is this cell in?
A. Mitosis
B. Interphase
C. Anaphase
D. Telophase


Where are proteins created?
A. Smooth ER
B. Golgi Apparatus
C. Rough ER
D. Cell Membrane


This organelle makes proteins.
A. Cell membrane
B. Nucleus
C. Ribosome
D. ER


This is a picture of a _____________________.
A. plant cell
B. animal cell
C. bacteria
D. fungi


In which stage of the cell cycle does the cell duplicate its DNA?

A. G1

B. S

C. G2

D. Mitosis


Which macromolecule is useful for storing long term energy?
A. Carbohydrates
B. Lipids
C. Proteins 
D. Nucleic Acids 


True or False.
Mitosis is a continuous process.
A. TRUE
B. FALSE




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