Human Body and Pathogens Quiz
Which word best describes a bacteria?
What happens if arthritis destroys cartilage in a joint?
A. Muscles in the joint will cushion the bone
B. Bones in the joint will rub against each other
C. The bones that connect the joint will not be held together
D. Nothing will happen to the joint
If a person has a brain injury, how will it affect the body?
A. It might interfere with growth and development
B. It might affect the immune system
C. It might interfere with the body’s ability to circulate blood
D. It may interfere with the body’s ability to maintain homeostasis
How does the circulatory and digestive system work together?
A. The digestive system takes in food and the circulatory system controls the muscles of the stomach
B. The digestive system protects organs and the circulatory system breaks down food
C. The digestive system absorbs nutrients and the circulatory system transports nutrients
D. The digestive system gets rid of waste and the circulatory system gets rid of oxygen
What is the main function of the respiratory system?
A. To break down food
B. To fight infections
C. To take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide
D. To take in water
Which system explains how growth changes over a period of time?
A. The circulatory system creates more cells and causes the growth rate to increase.
B. The digestive system releases nutrients and causes the growth rate to increase.
C. The endocrine system release hormones causing growth
D. The nervous system regulates growth
What is homeostasis?
A. The elimination of wastes
B. The digestion of food
C. Cells dividing to form new cells
D. The maintenance of a stable internal environment
Which body system is affected if you get sick often, and fluid is not getting returned to the bloodstream as often as it should.
A. The endocrine system
B. The cardiovascular system
C. The reproductive system
D. The lymphatic system
How can you avoid overexposure to germs?
A. Exercise regularly
B. Wear sunscreen while outdoors
C. Wash hands regularly
D. Eat a balanced diet
What is an important function of the skeletal system
A. Fight infections
B. Digest food
C. Produces hormones
D. Protects inner organs
What is muscle tissue?
A. Tissue that is produced in the spongy part of bones
B. Tissue that is made up of cartilage
C. Tissue that contracts and relaxes to produce movement
D. Tissue that is part of the skeletal system
What is a main function of the lymphatic system?
A. To deliver oxygen to cells
B. To collect excess fluid and deliver it back to the circulatory system
C. To break down food
D. To filter blood
A ureter carries liquid waste between which two structures
A. The bladder and the outside of the body
B. The mouth and stomach
C. The kidneys and bladder
D. The heart and lungs
Which two body systems make movement possible?
A. Nervous and endocrine
B. Respiratory and cardiovascular
C. Muscular and digestive
D. Skeletal and muscular
Which two body systems represent an example of how they work together to maintain homeostasis
A. Digestive and respiratory systems
B. Lymphatic and integumentary system
C. Nervous and endocrine system
D. Reproductive and digestive system
The failure of which body system can cause an immediate problem?
Which process best describes respiration?
A. Removing waste from the bloodstream
B. Removing waste from the digestive system
C. Removing pathogens from the circulatory and lymphatic systems
D. Obtaining oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide
A scientific hypothesis:
A. Based on personal opinions
B. Does not have to be tested or accepted
C. Can be tested by experiments and observations
D. Is proven with evidence to support it
A dialysis machine does the work of a person’s kidneys. What does a dialysis machine do?
A. Breaks down nutrients
B. Transports oxygen through the bloodstream
C. Gets rid of solid waste
D. Filters waste from the blood
What is the structure and function of the bladder?
A. A thin tube, filtration of waste from the blood
B. A pair of tubes, waste transport
C. A muscular sac, storage of liquid waste
D. Bean shaped organs, filter blood
What can happen if skeletal muscles become weak?
A. Loss of the ability to digest food
B. Damage to spongy bone
C. Loss of bone marrow
D. Difficulty standing and walking
Which phrase defines a scientific law?
A. A well supported explanation
B. An accepted description
C. An educated guess
D. An untested idea
What is the relationship between structure and function of the skeletal system?
A. The skeletal system breaks down food into nutrients the body can use
B. The skeletal system sends blood throughout the body
C. The skeletal system tells the body when it is time to grow
D. The skeletal system provides a frame to support and protect the body and allows the body to move
What reasoning explains why muscle action in the small intestines and other organs is known as involuntary muscle action?
A. The muscles of the small intestine and other organ muscles cannot be consciously controlled
B. The muscles of the small intestine and other organ muscles can be consciously controlled
C. Ligaments control the actions of the small intestine and other muscles
D. The muscle movement is controlled by moving skeletal muscles
A student measures the time it takes for a sheet of paper to fall from a marked height. The student then crumples the same piece of paper and drops the paper from the same height. The student observed the paper fell faster the second time. What variable is the dependent variable?
A. The shape of the paper
B. The height of the drop
C. The length of time for the paper to fall
D. The type of paper used
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