Medical Quiz

Pathophysiology Quiz


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Disease is _____. 

A. the maintenance of homeostasis

B. any change that disrupts homeostasis

C. a type of physiologic process

D. a type of infection


What is a term that is used to refer to the clinical evidence or effects of disease?

A. Indications

B. Manifestations

C. Outward appearance

D. Diagnosis


High blood pressure causes the heart to work harder to pump blood into the systemic circulation; over time, this will lead to _____.

A. hyperplasia of the heart

B. atrophy of the heart

C. hypertrophy of the heart

D. metaplasia of the heart


An example of _____ is someone working out with weights to increase the mass of their skeletal muscles.

A. physiological hypertrophy

B. pathological hypertrophy

C. apoptosis

D. physiological atrophy


Which type of inflammation lasts from one to two days? 

A. Acute

B.  Chronic

C.  Immune

D.  Pathological


Which of the following is an example of a local manfestation.

A. Fever

B. Redness

C. Lethargy

D. General Body Aches


Pathology is the study of _____. 

A. disease

B. cell structure

C. homeostasis

D. physiology


What is the term used to describe the reduction in the size of an organ? 

A. Atrophy

B. Hypertrophy

C. Hyperplasia

D. Metaplasia


_____ is the change of one adult cell type to another. 

A. Metaplasia

B. Necrosis

C. Hyperplasia

D. Dysplasia


A subjective indication of disease that is not obvious to an observer is referred to as a:

A. Suffering

B. Sign

C. Syndrome

D. Symptom


Cell injury by toxins, trauma, infection, or cancer will lead to cell adaptation or _____. 

A. mitosis

B. meiosis

C. proliferation

D. death


An objective indication of disease that is obvious to an observer is referred to as a:

A. Sign

B. Symptom

C. Syndrome

D. Suffering


What is the name for the study of disease involving the functional or physiological changes in the body that result from disease processes?

A. Immunology

B. Pharmacology

C. Pathophysiology

D. Pathology


What type of cell injury is the formation of a callus on the foot? 

A. Apoptosis

B. Necrosis

C. Atrophy

D. Hyperplasia


A rash is an example of a:

A. Suffering

B. Sign

C. Symptom

D. Syndrome


What type of disease is Gastroesophageal reflux?

A.  hypertrophy

B.  apoptosis

C.  metaplasia

D. atrophy


Disordered growth and maturation of cells is called _____.

A.  metaplasia

B.  dysplasia

C.  apoptosis

D.  atrophy


The renewal of damaged liver cells is an example of _____. 

A. scar formation

B.  inflammation

C.  regeneration

D.  fibrosis


What is a deviation from the normal state of health or from a state of wellness?

A. Functional impairment

B. Dsyfunction

C. Debilitated state

D. Disease


A collection of signs and symptoms that usually occur together in response to a certain condition is referred to as a:

A. Illness

B. Symptomatic

C. Syndrome

D. Pathogen


Which of the following statements regarding pathological atrophy is NOT correct?

A. It is caused by a disease or disorder.

B. It may be reversible.

C. It is a normal consequence of aging.

D. It causes a reduction in the size of an organ.


_____ is the new and abnormal development of cells. 

A.  Dysplasia

B.  Metaplasia

C.  Hypoplasia

D.  Neoplasia


Rheumatoid arthritis is an example of _____. 

A. chronic inflammation

B. acute inflammation

C.  cancer

D. pathological atrophy


Patient reported perceptions such as pain, nausea and chills are known as

A. Symptoms

B. Signs

C. Suffering

D. Syndrome


Which of the following is an example of a symptom.

A. Pain

B. Lethargy

C. Nausea

D. Chills

E. All of the above




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