Medical Quiz

IV Therapy and Blood Transfusion Quiz


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It refers to the presence of air in the vascular system and occurs when air is introduced into the venous system and travels to the right ventricle and/or pulmonary circulation

A. phlebitis

B. extravasation

C. infiltration

D. air embolism


It occurs when a nonvesicant solution (IV solution) is inadvertently administered into surrounding tissue.

A. phlebitis

B. infiltration

C. extravasation

D. air embolism


It has a total osmolality close to that of the ECF and do not cause red blood cells to shrink or swell

A. hypertonic

B. isotonic

C. hypotonic

D. tonicity


Which of the following is NOT true about IV therapy.

A. it can be intermittent or continuous

B. it is the fastest route of administration

C. giving of liquid substances directly into a mouth

D. most common route for infusion therapy


It is also known as the ROYAL BLOOD?

A. type A

B. type B

C. type AB

D. type O


It has a lower osmolality and contain fewer solutes than plasma.

A. hypertonic

B. isotonic

C. hypotonic

D. tonicity


It occurs when vesicant solution (medication) is administered and inadvertently leaks into surrounding tissue, causing damage to surrounding tissue.

A. phlebitis

B. extravasation

C. infiltration

D. air embolism


PURE, ELECTROLYTE-FREE WATER CAN BE ADMINISTERED by IV because it rapidly enters red blood cells and causes them to rupture.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Universal Donor

A. type A

B. type B

C. type AB

D. type O


This effect causes cells to shrink and may disrupt their function.

A. hypertonic

B. isotonic

C. hypotonic

D. tonicity


Which in statement is TRUE?

A. Do not mix medications with blood transfusion to prevent adverse effects

B. Administer BT for 2 hours (whole blood, packed RBC).

C. Start infusion slowly at 30 gtts/min. Remain at bedside for 15 to 30 minutes. Adverse reaction usually occurs during the first 15 to 20 minutes.

D. Use needle gauge 20 to allow easy flow of blood.


IT s the inflammation of the vein’s inner lining, the tunica intima.

A. phlebitis

B. extravasation

C. infiltration

D. air embolism


Universal Receiver

A. type A

B. type B

C. type AB

D. type O


All of the following are the Nursing responsibilities during blood transfusion, EXCEPT?

A. monitor and record vital signs

B. practice aseptic technique

C. verify doctors order

D. at least 1 licensed nurse must check the label of the BT.




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