Medical Quiz

Pulmonology Quiz


Functions of the respiratory system include

A. protecting respiratory surfaces from dehydration and temperature changes.

B. producing leukocytes needed to defend against invading pathogens.

C. generating neurotransmitters essential to the neural control of respiration.

D. providing erythrocytes, especially during times of increased oxygen demand.

E. melanin synthesis and utilization to shield alveoli from environmental hazards.

Airways that supply one lobe of a lung are called

A. secondary bronchi.

B. bronchioles.

C. tertiary bronchi.

D. primary bronchi.

E. alveoli.

which of the following describes what a leucocyte is?

A. Another word for bleeding

B. White blood cells

C. Red blood cells

D. All of the above

A chamber shared by the respiratory and digestive systems is the

A. larynx.

B. glottis.

C. vestibule.

D. pharynx.

E. trachea.

The lamina propria of the respiratory mucosa consists of which of the following connective tissues?

A. reticular

B. adipose

C. dense fibrous

D. areolar

E. elastic

Label G represents which structure(s)?

A. larynx

B. trachea

C. pharynx

D. bronchus

E. bronchioles

Label I represents which structure(s)?

A. trachea

B. smallest bronchioles

C. bronchus

D. alveoli

E. bronchioles

Which term is defined as a fancy word for bleeding?

A. Epistaxis

B. Hemorrhage

C. Effusion

D. All of the above

What is another name for the windpipe?

A. Lungs

B. Trachea

C. Larynx

D. Esophagus

When you exhale, in what order does air travel through the respiratory tract?

A. Alveolus, Bronchiole, Bronchus, Larynx, Trachea, Pharynx, Nasal Cavity

B. Alveolus, Bronchiole, Bronchus, Trachea, Larynx, Pharynx, Nasal Cavity

C. Alveolus, Bronchus, Bronchiole, Trachea, Larynx, Pharynx, Nasal Cavity

D. Alveolus, Bronchus, Bronchiole, Larynx, Trachea, Pharynx, Nasal Cavity

E. Alveolus, Trachea, Pharynx, Bronchus, Bronchiole, Larynx, Nasal Cavity

What does the acronym COPD stand for?

A. Cardiac obstructive Pulmonary disease

B. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

C. Chronic objective Pulmonary disease

D. Chronic obstructive pneumonia disease

The respiratory mucosa is made up of

A. dense irregular connective tissue.

B. squamous epithelium.

C. ciliated cuboidal epithelium.

D. ciliated columnar epithelium.

E. dense regular connective tissue.

Which of the following describes leukocytosis?

A. An increase in the circulation of Leukocytes

B. A decrease in the circulation of Leukocytes

C. Circulation of red blood cells

D. All of the above

Dilation of an artery or cardiac chamber usually resulting in weakness of the wall of the artery or chamber can be defined as

A. Aneurysm

B. Deep Vein Thrombosis


D. Myocardial infraction

Which of the following terms describes a special X-ray for lung vessels?

A. Vessel X-ray

B. Lazer X-ray

C. Pulmonary CT

D. Pulmonary Angiography

Label D represents which structure(s)?

A. nose

B. nasal cavity

C. pharynx

D. sinuses

E. larynx

The trachea branches off into two:

A. Alveoli

B. Bronchi

C. Bronchioles

Which part of the Respiratory System collects air from the environment & heats/moistens the air before entering the body?

A. lungs

B. nose

C. heart

D. mouth

The paranasal sinuses, together with other structures of the upper respiratory tract,

A. are where a small percentage of gas exchange occurs.

B. form part of the respiratory membrane.

C. are involved in filtering, warming, and humidifying incoming air..

D. provide a large area for gas exchange between air and circulating blood.

E. are lined by a delicate simple squamous epithelium.

Which structure extends posteriorly from the hard palate and is inferior to the nasopharynx?

A. larynx

B. vestibule

C. soft palate

D. external nares

E. internal nares

Apnea is…

A. slow respirations

B. deep respirations

C. no respirations

D. difficult respirations

The medical term for fast breathing.

A. Tachypnea

B. Dyspnea

C. Orthopnea

D. Bradypnea

 The nasal cavity opens into the nasopharynx at the

A. internal nares.

B. external nares.

C. vestibules.

D. turbinates.

E. palates.

Label J represents which structure(s)?

A. trachea

B. smallest bronchioles

C. bronchus

D. alveoli

E. bronchioles

Which of the following causes scarring of the lungs?

A. Pneumonia

B. Collapse lung


D. Cystic Fibrosis


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