Medical Quiz

Organelles Quiz


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Which of the following organelles does not properly function in Treacher Collins Syndrome?

A. Ribosomes in the face

B. Ribsomes in the legs

C. Mitochondria of the muscles

D. Mitochondria of the face


What organelle produces ATP?

A. Chloroplast

B. Ribosomes

C. Mitochondria

D. Cell membrane


Liver cells regularly detoxify drugs and poisons. Which of the following organelles might they have a great amount of?

A. Nucleus

B. Smooth ER

C. Rough ER

D. Cytoskeleton


Cytoplasm=

A. Cytosol

B. Cytosol+All Organelles

C. Cytosol+All Organelles-Nucleus-Cell Membrane

D. None of the above


Proteins EXIT the golgi apparatus out of which face?

A. Cis Face

B. Trans Face


Why does the inner membrane of the mitochondria have so many folds?

A. The folds increase surface area which increases space for chemical reactions

B. The folds decrease surface are which increases the space for chemical reactions

C. The folds increase surface area which allows the mitochondria to function smoothly

D. The folds decrease surface area which allows the mitochondria to function smoothly


A transport channel protein destined for the cell membrane would be synthesized by a…

A. Bound Ribosome

B. Free Ribosome


This organelle gives the cell structure and is able to transport things around the cell.

A. Cytoskeleton

B. Mitochondria

C. Ribosomes

D. Cell Membrane


Enzymes of the lysosomes generally function in…

A. Acidic environments

B. Basic environments

C. Neutral environments

D. They don’t function


Which of the following describes the process of protein folding?

A. A polypeptide chain assumes it’s correct 3d shape

B. A protein is folded and then cut into half

C. mRNA is converted into a protein

D. Amino acids are bonded


This neurodegenerative disease is associated with the deterioration of the golgi apparatus

A. Stroke

B. Alzheimer’s disease

C. Gaucher’s Disease

D. None of the above


Why is it so dangerous for an individual to lack a lysosomal enzyme?

A. Leads to buildup of small molecules which can interfere with cell function

B. Leads to buildup of large molecules which can interfere with cell function

C. We can’t break down molecules for food

D. The lysosome may rupture


The cell membrane is the structurally composed of which of the following?

A. Membranous tissue

B. Phosphates

C. Cellulose

D. Phospholipid Bilayer


A cell that manufactures protein hormones destined for outside of the cell would have an increased number of which type of ribosome?

A. Bound Ribosomes

B. Free Ribosomes


Muscle require copious amounts of energy to contract and produce movement. Which of the following organelles might they have a lot of?

A. Chloroplast

B. Mitochondria

C. ATP

D. Lysosomes




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