Medical Quiz

Nutrition Lipid Quiz


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True or false: Too little fat of any kind can be detrimental to our health, so we should NOT limit all fat.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


This type of lipid consists of three fatty acids attached to a glycerol backbone

A. triglyceride

B. sterol

C. phospholipid

D. trisaccharides


________________ have ONLY one double bond in their structure.

A. monounsaturated fatty acids

B. Omega- 6

C. Omega-3

D. Polyunsaturated fatty acids

E. saturated fatty acids


TRUE or False: Fatty acids found in triglycerides can be different whereas a glycerol backbone never changes.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


What organ in our GI Tract starts to breaks up fat into droplets?

A. mouth

B. stomach

C. Small Intestine

D. Large Intestine


True or False: Foods only have one type of fatty acid in them. For example, meat only has unsaturated fat in it.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


This type of lipid consists of two fatty acids attached to a glycerol backbone

A. triglyceride

B. sterol

C. phospholipid

D. trisaccharides


This type of fatty acid chain is made up of ONLY single bonded carbon atoms.

A. monounsaturated fatty acids

B. Omega- 6

C. Omega-3

D. Polyunsaturated fatty acids

E. saturated fatty acids


This organic functional group is present in all triglycerides and is represented by COOH

A. methyl

B. phosphate

C. carbonate

D. carboxylic acid


This fatty acid specifically has the double bond on the sixth carbon in the structure and is present in vegetable oils, grains, nuts, and seeds.

A. monounsaturated fatty acids

B. Omega- 6

C. Omega-3

D. Polyunsaturated fatty acids

E. saturated fatty acids


This medical emergency can be described as a blockage of a vessel that leads to the brain causing tissue damage.

A. cancer

B. stroke

C. hypertension

D. coronary heart disease


There are two forms of lipids with different states. These two are fats which are liquids at room temperature and oils which are solid at room temperature.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


This organ produces bile that will eventually be sent to the small intestine to aid in fat digestion.

A. liver

B. pancreas

C. gallbladder

D. small intestine


Cholesterol is an example of this type of lipid that is made up of a ring structure

A. triglyceride

B. sterol

C. phospholipid

D. trisaccharides


This cardiovascular disease can be describes as the blockage of a blood vessel with fat/plaque decreasing the flow of our blood to our heart.

A. cancer

B. stroke

C. hypertension

D. coronary heart disease


This fatty acid specifically has the double bond on the third to fourth carbon in the structure and is rich in fatty fish and plant oils

A. monounsaturated fatty acids

B. Omega- 6

C. Omega-3

D. Polyunsaturated fatty acids

E. saturated fatty acids


____________ produces the pancreatic enzyme to break apart triglycerides.

A. liver

B. pancreas

C. gallbladder

D. small intestine


_______________ have multiple double bonds in their structure.

A. monounsaturated fatty acids

B. Omega- 6

C. Omega-3

D. Polyunsaturated fatty acids

E. saturated fatty acids


Steric acid is an 18 carbon saturated fatty acid. It is:

A. short fatty acid chain

B. medium fatty acid chain

C. long fatty acid chain


What organ in the digestive system contributes the majority of digestion of lipids?

A. mouth

B. stomach

C. Small Intestine

D. Large Intestine


Found in many fast and fried food, this type of fat is rigid like saturated fat and is produced through a process of hydrogenation.

A. monounsaturated fatty acids

B. trans fatty acids

C. Polyunsaturated fatty acids

D. saturated fatty acids


Hydrogenation is the process of adding _____________ to unsaturated fatty acids, making them more saturated

A. Carbon

B. Sulfur

C. Phosphate

D. Hydrogen


What organ in our GI Tract moistens the food with fat in it?

A. mouth

B. stomach

C. Small Intestine

D. Large Intestine


This organic functional group is present in all phospholipids and is represented by PO₄

A. Methyl group

B. Carboxylic acid

C. Phosphate

D. Carbonate


The ______________ stores and releases the bile to the small intestine.

A. liver

B. pancreas

C. gallbladder

D. small intestine




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