Medical Quiz

Diabetes Pathophysiology Quiz


The brain cells need insulin to open their “door” to allow glucose to enter in.



Diabetes mellitus is a problem with __________________ metabolism.

A. Protein

B. Carbohydrate

C. Vitamin

D. Electrolyte

A hormone utilized by the body to cause breakdown of glycogen stores to useable glucose is:

A. Glycol

B. Glycogen

C. Glucagon

D. Glucose

The problem with uncontrolled hyperglycemia is that is may lead to: Except!

A. Increased risk for infections

B. Liver failure

C. Vision disturbances (blurry vision)

D. Large infants > 9 pounds

Clients experience polyuria due to the __________ effect of high sugar levels in the blood.

A. Osmotic

B. Hydrostatic

C. Oncotic

D. Colloidal

The classic triad of symptoms in Type 1 diabetes mellitus includes: Except!

A. Polyuria

B. Polymorphism

C. Polydipsia

D. Polyphagia

The most common type of diabetes is:

A. Type 1.5

B. Gestational

C. Type 2

D. Type 1

Insulin is considered a/an:

A. Electrolyte

B. Fluid

C. Hormone

D. Plasma

A client has a sweet fruity odor to the breath. The nurse knows that this odor is from the breakdown of fats for energy, which produces:

A. Fructose

B. Electrolytes

C. Protein

D. Ketones

Glycogenesis is the breakdown of glycogen stores into useable glucose molecules for the cells.



Glucose is needed for energy in the cells.



This type of diabetes is the kind developed when pregnant and may lead to cells which are less responsive to insulin.

A. Type 1

B. Type 1.5

C. Type 2

D. Gestational

Insulin resistance means that the _________ on the plasma membrane fail to recognize insulin and do not open the channels or “doors” to allow glucose in.

A. Receptors

B. Nucleus

C. Protein

D. Endoplasmic reticulum

Diabetes mellitus 1.5 is from a slower __________ destruction of the beta cells later in adulthood.

A. inflammatory

B. anaphylactic

C. autoimmune

D. mutational


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