Medical Quiz

Diabetes Pathophysiology Quiz


This type of diabetes is the kind developed when pregnant and may lead to cells which are less responsive to insulin.

A. Type 1

B. Type 1.5

C. Type 2

D. Gestational

The brain cells need insulin to open their “door” to allow glucose to enter in.



Insulin resistance means that the _________ on the plasma membrane fail to recognize insulin and do not open the channels or “doors” to allow glucose in.

A. Receptors

B. Nucleus

C. Protein

D. Endoplasmic reticulum

The most common type of diabetes is:

A. Type 1.5

B. Gestational

C. Type 2

D. Type 1

A hormone utilized by the body to cause breakdown of glycogen stores to useable glucose is:

A. Glycol

B. Glycogen

C. Glucagon

D. Glucose

Glycogenesis is the breakdown of glycogen stores into useable glucose molecules for the cells.



The classic triad of symptoms in Type 1 diabetes mellitus includes: Except!

A. Polyuria

B. Polymorphism

C. Polydipsia

D. Polyphagia

Insulin is considered a/an:

A. Electrolyte

B. Fluid

C. Hormone

D. Plasma

Clients experience polyuria due to the __________ effect of high sugar levels in the blood.

A. Osmotic

B. Hydrostatic

C. Oncotic

D. Colloidal

Diabetes mellitus is a problem with __________________ metabolism.

A. Protein

B. Carbohydrate

C. Vitamin

D. Electrolyte

Diabetes mellitus 1.5 is from a slower __________ destruction of the beta cells later in adulthood.

A. inflammatory

B. anaphylactic

C. autoimmune

D. mutational

The problem with uncontrolled hyperglycemia is that is may lead to: Except!

A. Increased risk for infections

B. Liver failure

C. Vision disturbances (blurry vision)

D. Large infants > 9 pounds

A client has a sweet fruity odor to the breath. The nurse knows that this odor is from the breakdown of fats for energy, which produces:

A. Fructose

B. Electrolytes

C. Protein

D. Ketones

Glucose is needed for energy in the cells.




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