Medical Quiz

Cardiovascular System Anatomy Quiz


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The large blood vessel that returns blood to the right atrium is called the:

A. Aorta

B. Vena Cava

C. Pulmonary artery

D. Pulmlonary vein


___ takes place when blood travels from the heart, through the lungs, and back to the heart.

A. pulmonary circulation

B. systemic circulation


Oxygen is released to the tissues through what type of blood vessel?

A. Artery

B. Capillary

C. Arteriole

D. Vein


___ takes place when oxygen-rich blood travels to all body tissues except the lungs.

A. pulmonary circulation

B. systemic circulation


The area of the heart that divides the right and left ventricles is called the:

A. Chordae tendinae

B. Papillary muscles

C. Interventricular septum

D. Foramen ovale


As a general rule, what type of blood vessels carry oxygenated blood?

A. Arteries

B. Veins


What vessels carry deoxygenated blood away from the heart?

A. Neither coronary arteries or pulmonary artery

B. Pulmonary artery only

C. Both coronary arteries and pulmonary artery

D. Coronary arteries only


What is the function of a valve?

A. Helps blood to clot

B. Keeps blood flowing in all directions

C. Keeps blood flowing in one direction

D. Stops blood from flowing


Rank the following blood vessels in order of their average pressure, from highest to lowest: artery, vein, arteriole, venule, aorta, capillary.

A. Capillary > arteriole > venule > artery > vein > aorta

B. Capillary > vein > venule > arteriole > artery > aorta

C. Aorta > arteriole > venule > artery > vein > capillary

D. Aorta > artery > arteriole > capillary > venule > vein


The semilunar valves are the:

A. Aortic and pulmonary

B. Pulmonary and Tricuspid

C. Aortic and mitral

D. Mitral and Tricuspid


When blood exits the left ventricle, it must go through which valve?

A. Aortic

B. Pulmonic

C. Mitral

D. Tricuspid


Why does the blood turn dark red as it circulates through the body?

A. Because the heart is pumping blood to the brain

B. Because Oxygen is replaced with Carbon Dioxide

C. Because there are no platelets

D. Because Carbon Monoxide is replaced with Oxygen




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