Medical Quiz

Skin Structure, Growth & Nutrition Quiz


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Skin gets its strength, form and flexibility from _______.

A. collagen and keratin

B. sebum and melanin

C. keratin and elastin

D. collagen and elastin


what is the oily secretion that lubricates the skin and preserves the softness of the hair

A. sebum

B. collagen

C. elastin

D. perspiration


Small, cone-shaped elevations at the base of the hair follicles are ____

A. melanocytes

B. papules

C. dermal papillae

D. sectretory coils


The outer layer of the epidermis is the _____ layer.

A. stratum corneum

B. stratum granulosum

C. stratum germinativum

D. stratum lucidum


The small, cone-shaped elevations at the bottom of hair follicles are called

A. tactile corpuscles

B. sebaceous glands

C. melanocytes

D. dermal papillae


The coiled base of the sudoriferous gland is known as the _____.

A. secretory coil

B. sweat duct

C. sebaceous gland

D. elastin coil


____ nerve fibers react to heat, cold, touch, pressure and pain.

A. motor nerve

B. sensory nerve

C. secretory nerve

D. complex nerve


The surface of healthy skin is slightly _____.

A. rough

B. alkaline

C. yellow

D. acidic


The stratum germinativum is composed of several layers with special cells that produce a dark skin pigment called _____.

A. pigment

B. elastin

C. melanin

D. keratin


Fatty tissue found below the dermis is called

A. subcutancous tissue

B. papillary layer

C. papillae

D. tactile


Vitamins are considered ______.

A. nutritional requirements

B. nutritional supplements

C. cosmetic ingredients

D. prescription medications


When sebum hardens and the sebaceous duct becomes clogged, the pore impaction that is formed is a

A. scar

B. lubricant

C. secretory coil

D. comedo


which nerve fibers react to heat, cold, touch, pressure, and pain?

A. motor

B. secretory

C. passive

D. sensory


The layer of skin that is seen and treated by the cosmetologist is the _____.

A. stratum corneum

B. keratin

C. melanin

D. papillae


Nerves that regulate the excretion of perspiration from the sudoriferous glands and control the flow of sebum to the surface of the skin are _____.

A. motor nerve fibers

B. sensory nerve fibers

C. secretory nerve fibers

D. impulse nerve fibers


A fatty or oily secretion that lubricates the skin and preserves the softness of the hair is _____.

A. sebum

B. lymph

C. pus

D. melanin


The layer of the epidermis also known as the basal cell layer is the _____.

A. stratum lucidum

B. stratum spinosum

C. stratum corneum

D. stratum germinativum


The fibrous protein that gives skin its flexibility and helps skin regain its shape after being expanded is

A. collagen

B. elastin

C. keratin

D. protein


the pigment produced to protect the skin from the effects of ultraviolet run rays is

A. keratin

B. melanin

C. elastin

D. collagen


Continued pressure on any part of the skin causes it to thicken and develop into a(n)

A. callus

B. legion

C. appendage

D. scar


Vitamin __ may help improve the skins elasticity and thickness

A. a

B. b

C. c

D. d


Emotional stress and hormone imbalances can increase the flow of _____.

A. sebum

B. spinal fluid

C. lymph

D. pus


Where are the melanocytes located

A. stratum lucidum

B. stratum granulosum

C. stratum corneum

D. stratum germinativum


Which vitamin helps protect the skin from the harmful effects of the suns UV light?

A. Vitamin A

B. Vitamin D

C. Vitamin E

D. Vitamin C


Small, cone-shaped elevations at the bottom of hair follicles are known as _____.

A. papules

B. sensory nerve fibers

C. dermal papillae

D. melanocytes




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