Medical Quiz

Skin Structure, Growth & Nutrition Quiz


The USDA recommends that people eat _____.

A. zero salt and zero sugar

B. large amounts of salt and sugar

C. moderate amounts of salt and sugar

D. moderate amounts of salt and no sugar

The layer of the epidermis also known as the basal cell layer is the _____.

A. stratum lucidum

B. stratum spinosum

C. stratum corneum

D. stratum germinativum

The outer layer of the epidermis is the _____ layer.

A. stratum corneum

B. stratum granulosum

C. stratum germinativum

D. stratum lucidum

The layer of the epidermis where the process of skin cell shedding begins is the _______.

A. stratum corneum

B. stratum luciderm

C. stratum germinativum

D. stratum spinosum

Emotional stress and hormone imbalances can increase the flow of _____.

A. sebum

B. spinal fluid

C. lymph

D. pus

The nutrient needed for energy to run every function within the body is _____.

A. vitamins

B. proteins

C. carbohydrates

D. fats

Skin gets its strength, form and flexibility from _______.

A. collagen and keratin

B. sebum and melanin

C. keratin and elastin

D. collagen and elastin

____ nerve fibers react to heat, cold, touch, pressure and pain.

A. motor nerve

B. sensory nerve

C. secretory nerve

D. complex nerve

The amount and type of pigment produced in an individual is determined by his or her ______.

A. genes

B. gender

C. sun exposure

D. age

The sudoriferous glands excrete perspiration, detoxify the body and ______.

A. preserve the softness of the hair

B. lubricate the skin

C. produce collagen

D. regulate body temperature

Nerves that regulate the excretion of perspiration from the sudoriferous glands and control the flow of sebum to the surface of the skin are _____.

A. motor nerve fibers

B. sensory nerve fibers

C. secretory nerve fibers

D. impulse nerve fibers

A fatty or oily secretion that lubricates the skin and preserves the softness of the hair is _____.

A. sebum

B. lymph

C. pus

D. melanin

A small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus is a ____.

A. comedo

B. papule

C. callus

D. pustule

Lack of water is the principal cause of ______.

A. daytime fatigue

B. daytime hunger

C. daytime mood swings

D. daytime memory loss

During excretion, perspiration from the ______ glands is excreted through the skin.

A. sudoriferous

B. sebaceous

C. reticular

D. papillary

One of the best ways to follow a healthy diet is to read _____.

A. magazine articles

B. food labels

C. diet books

D. legal guidlines

Small, cone-shaped elevations at the base of the hair follicles are ____

A. melanocytes

B. papules

C. dermal papillae

D. sectretory coils

The clear, transparent layer of the epidermis under the stratum corneum is the ______.

A. stratum spinosum

B. stratum granulosum

C. stratum germinativum

D. stratum lucidum

Vitamins are considered ______.

A. nutritional requirements

B. nutritional supplements

C. cosmetic ingredients

D. prescription medications

Water makes up _____ percent of the body’s weight and is necessary for virtually every function of the cells and body.

A. 10-20

B. 20-30

C. 30-50

D. 50-70

A raised, inflamed papule with a white or yellow center containing pus is in the top of the lesion is a _____.

A. papillary

B. pustule

C. callus

D. comedo

The scalp has larger and deeper ___ than the skin on the rest of the body.

A. melanocytes

B. propionibacterium acnes

C. sensory nerve fibers

D. hair follicles

The coiled base of the sudoriferous gland is known as the _____.

A. secretory coil

B. sweat duct

C. sebaceous gland

D. elastin coil


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