Hospital-acquired, or __________ pneumonia is defined as a lower respiratory tract infection that was not present or incubating on admission to the hospital
Elderly people are very susceptible to pneumonia in all its varieties. The symptoms the elderly exhibit can be very different than those of other age groups who have pneumonia. What signs and symptoms are elderly people with pneumonia less likely to experience than people with pneumonia in other age groups?
A. marked elevation in temperature
B. loss of appetite
C. deterioration in mental status
D. pleuritic pain
what does “shift to the left” indicate?
A. bacterial infection
B. viral infection
Because influenza is so highly contagious, prevention relies primarily on:
A. wearing a mask
B. negative pressure room
D. receiving the influenza vaccine
which of the following WBC count values is within normal range
The term _________ describes inflammation of parenchymal structures of the lung, such as the alveoli and the bronchioles
the common cold is a viral infection of the _______ respiratory tract
this WBC fights bacterial infection
_______ disease is a form of bronchopneumonia; infection normally occurs by acquiring the organism from the environment
D. chronic obstructive pulmonary
A patient has just had a TB skin test read by an RN. The results came back positive. What is a positive TB skin test indicative of?
A. previous exposure to tuberculosis
B. active infection of tuberculosis
C. latent tuberculosis infection
D. reactivated tuberculosis infection
which statement best describes antigenic drift?
A. involves major genetic rearrangement in either antigen
B. may lead ot epidemic or pandemic infection
C. minor changes in amino acids of HA or NA
D. causes both HA and NA antigens to be replaced
_________ tuberculosis is a form of the disease that develops in previously unexposed, and therefore unsensitized persons
The early stages of influenza pass by as if the infection were any other viral infection. What is the distinguishing feature of an influenza viral infection that makes it different from other viral infections?
A. slow onset of upper respiratory symptoms
B. rapid onset of profound malaise
C. slow onset of fever and chills
D. rapid onset of productive cough
what is another word used to describe hopsital-acquired pneumonia?
A. “mycoplasma’ pneumonia
B. “nosocomial” pneumonia
C. “viral” pneumonia
D. “bacterial” pneumonia
this WBC accumulates in large numbers and becomes activated in allergic responses
When providing education to a patient who tested positive for influenza, when can the patient expect symptoms to disappear?
A. 3-5 days
B. 7-14 days
C. 5-10 days
D. 7-10 days
_______ is the world’s foremost cause of death from a single infectious agent
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