Medical Quiz

Homeostasis, Nutrition, Digestion & Absorption Quiz


Where is pepsinogen secreted?

A. the mouth

B. the stomach

C. the pancreas

D. the gall bladder

The “cause” for something to happen is the

A. response

B. effect

C. stimulus

D. homeostasis

Name this structure

A. spleen

B. gall bladder

C. pancreas

D. jejunum

What changes occur to increase body temperature

A. Vasoconstriction, hair erector muscle relaxes and hair pulled upright, no sweating and shivering

B. Vasodilation, hair erector muscle contract and hair pulled upright, no sweating and shivering

C. Vasoconstriction, hair erector muscle contract and hair pulled upright, no sweating and shivering

D. Vasodilation, hair erector muscle contract and hair pulled upright, increased sweating and shivering

When glucose levels in the blood rise, your brain sends a signal to your pancreas. The pancreas releases insulin, which opens channels in cell membranes to allow glucose to enter the cell, lowering blood sugar levels. 

A. Positive Feedback Response

B. Negative Feedback Loop 

What hormone is produced in the pancreas that lowers blood sugar?

A. Insulin

B. Glucagon

C. Ketones

D. Glucose

Waves of contractions that move food one way through the digestive system are called

A. Impulse

B. Peristalsis

C. Action Potential

D. Metabolism

What name do we use to describe the maintaining of constant/stable internal conditions, such as: blood glucose levels, body temperature and water levels, inside the body?

A. Hormonal control

B. Homeostasis

C. Nervous system

What is the main purpose of the small intestine?

A. nutrients get absorbed into the blood/lacteal

B. bile is produced

C. water is removed

D. nutrients are assimilated

Fingerlike extensions of the small intestine that increase the surface area for absorption

A. bronchi

B. alvioli

C. villi

D. chyme

This organ produces the hormones that help regulate blood glucose levels.

A. Pancreas

B. Liver

C. Small intestine

The stomach wall produces mucus to cover its surface. Which of the following statements correctly describe(s) the function of the mucus?

(1) It kills the bacteria in the ingested food.

(2) It prevents the rubbing of food against the stomach wall.

(3) It protects the stomach wall from the action of the digestive enzymes.

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only

Which of these stages of digestion includes a chemical change?

A. peristalsis

B. chewing

C. saliva

D. large intestine

This is the enzyme that works on protein.

A. pepsin

B. HCl

C. Bicarbonate

D. Lactase

How does sweat cool you?

A. evaporation

B. condensation

C. It doesn’t cool you

What type of digestion involves the actual breaking apart of the food by our teeth, tongue, or muscles?

A. chemical digestion

B. diffusion

C. mechanical digestion

D. peristalsis

Which of the following organs produces digestive juice that does not contain enzymes?

A. liver

B. mouth

C. stomach

D. pancreas

Which of the following is a hormone used to control glucose concentrations in the blood?

A. Insulin

B. Glycogen

C. Pancreas

If the environment gets cold, we will often shiver in order to:

A. keep body temperature the same as the external temperature

B. decrease body temperature

C. increase body temperature

D. regulate blood pressure

The two types of feedback systems that help organisms maintain homeostasis are:

A. positive and negative 

B. receptor and effector

C. static and dynamic

D. minor and major

Tube that carries swallowed food to the stomach

A. esophagus

B. liver

C. pancreas

D. rectum

What is involuntary contractions of voluntary muscles to warm up?

A. Shivering

B. Sweating

C. Vasodilation

D. Vasoconstriction

The term for maintaining internal temperature is: 

A. Thermoregulation

B. Thermometer

C. Homeothermal

D. Homeostasis

What is an ectotherm?

A. fish

B. cat

C. dog

D. human

The villi provides a surface area for the absorption of nutrients into the bloodstream.




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