Medical Quiz

Homeostasis, Nutrition, Digestion & Absorption Quiz


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What hormone is produced in the pancreas that lowers blood sugar?

A. Insulin

B. Glucagon

C. Ketones

D. Glucose


Tube that carries swallowed food to the stomach

A. esophagus

B. liver

C. pancreas

D. rectum


Where is pepsinogen secreted?

A. the mouth

B. the stomach

C. the pancreas

D. the gall bladder


The “cause” for something to happen is the

A. response

B. effect

C. stimulus

D. homeostasis


Protein is broken down into ______________ before they are asborbed into the small intestines.

A. fatty acids

B. amino acids

C. citric acid

D. hydrochiloric


The two types of feedback systems that help organisms maintain homeostasis are:

A. positive and negative 

B. receptor and effector

C. static and dynamic

D. minor and major


Which of the following is a hormone used to control glucose concentrations in the blood?

A. Insulin

B. Glycogen

C. Pancreas


What changes occur to cool the body down?

A. Vasoconstriction, increase sweating and hairs lie flat

B. Vasodilation, increase sweating and hairs lie flat

C. Vasodilation, reduced sweating and hair stand up

D. Vasoconstriction, increase sweating and hairs lie flat


An organism that produces its own body heat is called…

A. Ectotherm

B. Endotherm


What is an endotherm?

A. a human

B. a frog

C. a toad

D. a fish


This organ produces the hormones that help regulate blood glucose levels.

A. Pancreas

B. Liver

C. Small intestine


The villi provides a surface area for the absorption of nutrients into the bloodstream.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


The stomach wall produces mucus to cover its surface. Which of the following statements correctly describe(s) the function of the mucus?

(1) It kills the bacteria in the ingested food.

(2) It prevents the rubbing of food against the stomach wall.

(3) It protects the stomach wall from the action of the digestive enzymes.

A. (1) only

B. (3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only


If the environment gets cold, we will often shiver in order to:

A. keep body temperature the same as the external temperature

B. decrease body temperature

C. increase body temperature

D. regulate blood pressure


Fingerlike extensions of the small intestine that increase the surface area for absorption

A. bronchi

B. alvioli

C. villi

D. chyme


Waves of contractions that move food one way through the digestive system are called

A. Impulse

B. Peristalsis

C. Action Potential

D. Metabolism


Name this structure

A. spleen

B. gall bladder

C. pancreas

D. jejunum


What changes occur to increase body temperature

A. Vasoconstriction, hair erector muscle relaxes and hair pulled upright, no sweating and shivering

B. Vasodilation, hair erector muscle contract and hair pulled upright, no sweating and shivering

C. Vasoconstriction, hair erector muscle contract and hair pulled upright, no sweating and shivering

D. Vasodilation, hair erector muscle contract and hair pulled upright, increased sweating and shivering


What macromolecule is broken down by this structure?

A. carbs

B. fats

C. proteins

D. nucleic acids


What name do we use to describe the maintaining of constant/stable internal conditions, such as: blood glucose levels, body temperature and water levels, inside the body?

A. Hormonal control

B. Homeostasis

C. Nervous system


Bile is made by which digestive organ?

A. Gallbladder

B. Stomach

C. Rectum

D. Liver


How does sweat cool you?

A. evaporation

B. condensation

C. It doesn’t cool you


This is the enzyme that works on protein.

A. pepsin

B. HCl

C. Bicarbonate

D. Lactase


Which of the following organs produces digestive juice that does not contain enzymes?

A. liver

B. mouth

C. stomach

D. pancreas


Salt water crocodiles bask in the sun for several hours every morning. which one of the following statements best describes the method of thermoregulation in salt water crocodiles?

A. Endothermy, increase body temperature to increase rate of metabolism reactions in cells

B. Ectothermy, decrease body temperature to increase rate of metabolic reactions in cells.

C. Endothermy, decrease body temperature to increase rate of metabolic reactions in cells

D. Ectothermy, increase body temperature to increase rate of metabolic reactions in cells




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