Medical Quiz

Digestive System and Nutrition Quiz


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Which organ does most of the chemical digestion of food and allows nutrients to be absorbed into the body?

A. stomach

B. esophagus

C. small intestine

D. liver


How do digested nutrients get to the body cells?

A. Nutrients are absorbed through the mouth directly into the body cells

B. Nutrients are absorbed through the villi in the small intestine into the blood stream

C. Nutrients are absorbed by the large intestine and changed into vitamins

D. Nutrients are absorbed directly through the stomach into the body cells


Which food group contains the sugar “fructose”?

A. Breads and Grains

B. Meat and Poultry

C. Fruit and Vegetables

D. Dairy


Which secondary organ produces insulin and other digestive juices to further break down the food in the small intestines?

A. liver

B. gallbladder

C. mouth

D. pancreas


The first segment of the small intestines is known as the?

A. Ileum

B. Jejunum

C. Ampulla of Vater

D. Duodenum


What is a function of protein?

A. Repair and build muscle

B. Keep the body warm

C. Help with the digestive system

D. Cures asthma


The highlighted organ is the?

A. Liver

B. Large intestine

C. Small intestine

D. Stomach


How does food move through your digestive system?

A. by gravity pulling it down

B. when we eat more food, it forces the rest down

C. muscle movements called peristalsis

D. electromagnetic force


Digestion in animals begins in the ______.

A. intestines

B. mouth

C. stomach

D. throat


Which type of digestion produces physical change to the food by breaking food into smaller pieces?

A. chemical

B. peristalsis

C. mechanical

D. saliva


Which of the following are secondary organs of the digestive system? 

A. liver, stomach, & esophagus

B. pancreas, liver, and gall bladder

C. liver, stomach, & intestines

D. intestines, anus, and stomach


Muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach?

A. Epiglottis

B. Peristalsis

C. Stomach

D. Esophagus


Which area is a common area for both food and air? 

A. Pharynx

B. Larynx

C. Soft palate

D. Epiglottis


Which of the following helps digest starch in the mouth?

A. Salivary amylase

B. Lysozymes

C. Mucin

D. Bolus


Choose the correct order of the digestive system.

A. mouth, small intestine, stomach, esophagus, large intestine

B. esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine

C. mouth, stomach, small intestine, large intestine

D. mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine


Which one of these nutrients is NOT considered a mineral?

A. Potassium

B. Iron

C. Calcium

D. Magnesium

E. Lactose


Food does not pass through which of the following? 

A. stomach

B. liver

C. esophagus

D. mouth


Which food group contains the sugar “lactose”?

A. Meat

B. Fruit and Vegetables

C. Dairy

D. Bread & Grains


After dinner, you have a bad case of diarrhea. Which organ is most likely not functioning properly?

A. stomach

B. small intestine

C. large intestine

D. liver


Voluntary act that involves the intake of solid or liquid food.

A. Digestion

B. Excretion

C. Ingestion

D. Egestion


Elimination of waste products that arise as a result of metabolic activity.

A. Digestion

B. Excretion

C. Ingestion

D. Egestion


Which organ is a secondary organ that stores bile?

A. stomach

B. gallbladder

C. pancreas

D. liver


Substance in our food that gives us energy or materials needed for growth and development.

A. Food

B. Nutrient

C. Molecules

D. Water




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