Medical Quiz

Microbial Growth Quiz


The stage in population growth with the highest rate of cell division is the

A. stationary phase

B. lag phase

C. exponential phase

D. enlargement phase

Extremely high temperatures can cause a decline in bacterial growth because

A. heat increases metabolic rate and creates more waste products.

B. heat slows down metabolic rate.

C. heat denatures enzymes/proteins, DNA, and causes leaky membranes.

D. heat prevents DNA from replicating.

Which of the following is the reason jams and dried meats often do not require refrigeration to prevent spoilage?

A. low pH

B. toxic alkaline chemicals

C. naturally occurring antibiotics

D. low water activity

Which term best describes a bacteria that cannot exist in the presence of oxygen?

A. Obligate aerobe

B. Facultative aerobe

C. Obligate anaerobe

D. Facultative anaerobe

In which environment are you most likely to encounter an acidophile?

A. human blood at pH 7.2

B. a hot vent at pH 1.5

C. human intestine at pH 8.5

D. milk at pH 6.5

____ are able to grow at very low pH

A. Acidophiles

B. Alkaliphiles

C. Neutrophiles

D. Halophiles

E. coli undergoes binary fission approximately every 20 minutes. If a culture started with 1000 cells, how many cells would be there be after 3 hours? (Given Nt=Ni x 2n)

A. 1000 x 29

B. 1000 x 23

C. 20 x 21000

D. 20 x 23

The optimum temperature where most bacteria can survive

A. 31-40

B. 30-37

C. 31-41

D. 30-39

In which phase is the bacteria most metabolically active?

A. Lag Phase

B. Log Phase

C. Exponential Phase

D. Death phase

During the Lag Phase, bacteria are

A. doubling the number of cells every generation.

B. creating new cells at the same rate as cells are dying.

C. making proteins, ribosomes, obtaining nutrients.

D. dying at a faster rate than they are being produced.

Which of the following is the best definition of generation time in a bacterium?

A. the length of time it takes to reach the log phase

B. the length of time it takes for a population of cells to double

C. the time it takes to reach stationary phase

D. the length of time of the exponential phase

Which statement is correct?

A. Archea have internal membrane- bound

B. Most yeasts reproduce by budding

C. Fungi are photosynthetic microorganisms

D. Bacteria need lower moisture content to grow than molds

Which group of organisms is most likely to infect humans

A. psychrophiles

B. mesophiles

C. thermophiles

D. hyperthermophiles

During the stationary phase, bacteria are

A. dying at a faster rate than reproduction.

B. doubling in number every generation.

C. reproducing at the same rate as they are dying.

D. making proteins, ribosomes, and obtaining nutrients.

pH requirement for molds and yeast?

A. 6.5-7.5

B. 5-6

C. 7-8

D. 3

Which is the following the main requirement(s) for the bacteria to grow ?

A. Nutrient requirement

B. Oxygen requirement

C. Oxygen and nutrient requirement

D. Physical and chemical requirement

Prokaryotes do not have


B. cell walls

C. membrane bound organelles

D. ribosomes

What compound has the highest concentration in a cell?

A. CH4

B. CO2

C. H2O

D. glucose

These microorganisma can grow at a temperature range of 10 to 50 oC

A. psychrophiles

B. psychrotrophs

C. mesophiles

D. thermophiles

A soup container was forgotten in the refrigerator and shows contamination. The contaminants are probably which of the following?

A. thermophiles

B. acidophiles

C. mesophiles

D. psychrotrophs


Medical Quiz should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. All content on this website is for informational and educational purposes only.