Medical Quiz

Respiratory and Urinary Quiz


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The urethra is an organ that allows for…

A. storage of urine.

B. urine to exit the body.

C. urine to move from the kidney to the bladder.

D. bile to move from the liver to the gall bladder.


The muscle that controls urine exiting the body is the…

A. ureter.

B. sphincter.

C. urethra.

D. bladder.


Two short tubes that carry air into the lungs

A. Trachea

B. Bronchioles

C. Lungs

D. Bronchi


a chamber behind the nose and mouth that leads to the trachea

A. pharynx

B. trachea

C. epiglottis

D. larynx


What would you find inside the glomerulus?

A. Urea

B. Urine

C. Blood

D. Lymph


How is the female urethra different from the male urethra?

A. It is longer

B. It is wider

C. It is shorter

D. It is more narrow


a flap of tissue that closes when we eat so food doesn’t not go down the trachea

A. larynx

B. pharynx

C. trachea

D. epiglottis


There are two kidneys, two ureters, one urinary bladder, and one urethra.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


In homeostasis, the kidney regulates the:

A. levels of electrolytes 

B. amount of water in the body

C. pH

D. all of the above


After air moves through the pharynx it continues downward. The _____, or windpipe, directs the air into 2 separate branches or tubes.

A. mucus

B. trachea

C. larynx

D. epiglottis


Before the kidney filter it out, where does urea exist?

A. In your intestines

B. In your liver

C. In your stomach

D. In your bloodstream


Both males and females have the a urinary system with the same organs. True or False?

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


What structure in the kidneys filters the blood?

A. Ureters

B. Nephrons

C. Bladder

D. Urethra


What are the structures that transport the urine to the bladder via peristalsis?

A. urethra

B. kidneys

C. ureters

D. urinary meatus


Alveoli increase the surface area in the lungs to allow…

A. More nutrients to be absorbed

B. You to breathe faster

C. You to breathe slower

D. More O2 and CO2 to exchange


The urinary system works with the circulatory system through the following structures

A. Cava vain and renal artery

B. Aorta

C. Brachial artery and renal vein

D. Renal artery and renal vein


The correct order for the renal tubules is:

A. proximal convoluted tubule, collecting duct, distal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle

B. distal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, proximal convoluted tubule, collecting duct

C. proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, collecting duct

D. collecting duct, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule


a dome shaped sheet of muscle, the _________, separates the chest from the abdomen

A. diaphragm

B. epiglottis

C. alveoli

D. bronchial tubes




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