What is the body’s first line of defense against disease?
Many times people visit the doctor requesting antibiotics to treat colds and viral infections. How is the doctor justified in offering the patient treatment options that do not include antibiotics for these cases?
A. Colds and viruses should be first treated with viral therapies and then when the body begins to recover, antibiotics can be used. Otherwise, the use of antibiotics is not effective at all.
B. Side effects from antibiotics are severe when used for colds and viruses. Any use of antibiotics for colds and viruses will only make the patient more ill and ultimately make the patient’s recovery time longer.
C. Antibiotics can weaken the immune system when used for colds and viruses, whereas other medications are not so hard on the immune system during these types of illnesses.
D. If a doctor provides an antibiotic to treat colds and viruses, any bacteria in the patient’s body will be killed, but a few will survive. Those few survivors may become resistant to antibiotics needed for real bacterial illnesses.
Why might you become ill after visiting a friend who is sick with the flu?
A. The room your friend was in was too warm.
B. You ate the same kind of food your friend ate.
C. You did not dress properly.
D. The virus that causes the flu entered your body.
Like all other body systems, the immune system helps the body maintain homeostasis. Which statement best describes how the immune system does this?
A. it protects other organs and tissues from infection and disease
B. it breaks down food to provide cells with nutrients
C. it gathers information through the senses and controls all other body systems
D. it transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
A 3 month old baby contracts a virus called whooping cough (pertussis) after receiving the first of a sequence of 3 necessary DPT vaccines designed to prevent 3 diseases (diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus). The vaccines are given at 2, 4, and 6 months of age to allow the body to develop specific immunity against these diseases. After the infant recovered from the disease, the doctor informed the parents that from now on the infant would only need the DT (diphtheria, tetanus) part of the vaccine. Why does the infant only need the DT vaccine?
A. The infant had the first of a series of vaccines which caused the disease
B. The infant had the pertussis disease and has already produced antibodies against the disease.
C. The infant had the first of a series of vaccines which protected him from getting the disease.
D. The infant had the pertussis disease and will get diphtheria in the future.
When foreign material enters the body, one way the immune system responds is by
A. lowering the body temperature
B. producing excess red blood cells
C. shutting down the circulatory system
D. producing antibodies
What is the function of antibodies within the immune system?
A. Antibodies kill off any antigen that enters the body.
B. Antibodies are only made when you are given a vaccination for specific antigens.
C. Antibodies bind to specific antigens to flag for destruction.
D. Antibodies are part of an external defense mechanism.
What is the type of immunisation shows by the diagram
A. Passive natural immunity
B. Passive artificial immunity
C. Active natural immunity
D. Active artificial immunity
When is the time body received second vaccine injection?
Where are white blood cells made?
A. Bone marrow
B. Red Blood Cells
When you are immune to a disease this means:
A. You can get the disease and become sick
B. you will be protected against the disease
C. you are at risk of more side effects
D. all above
All foreign materials that cause a response from the immune system are called _____________________.
B. Active Immunity
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