Medical Quiz

DNA & Types of Reproduction Quiz


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The entire genome (or, “the book of you”) is contained inside the _________ of the cell.

A. mitochondria

B. cell wall

C. nucleus

D. lysosomes


Strands of DNA are tightly coiled in

A. DNA

B. Base Pairs

C. Chromosomes

D. Mitochondria


What is heredity?

A. The passing of traits from parent to offspring

B. The passing of chromosomes from parent to offspring

C. Traits produced because of environmental influences

D. Alterations in the nucleotide sequence of genes


You can think of DNA as a great library of information that exists to do one thing only. What is that thing?

A. direct the building of different protein molecules

B. Build other double helix models of information.

C. Tell the brain how to construct the body.

D. Store data about what worked and what did not.


Passes along genetic material.

A. mitosis

B. meiosis

C. both


Occurs in many complex organisms such as plants, animals and fungi

A. mitosis

B. meiosis

C. both


DNA is made of chains of four smaller molecules called:

A. nucleotides

B. mitochondrial bases

C. life blocks

D. DNAblers


Creates unique set of DNA.

A. mitosis

B. meiosis

C. both


Replicates body cells.

A. mitosis

B. meiosis

C. both


A gene carries coded information for the creation of a

A. protein

B. nucleotide

C. golgi body

D. lysosome



A planarian is a tiny flatworm that lives in ponds. If a planarian is cut in half, each piece will grow into a new planarian. Based on this information, what type of reproduction is this?

A. sexual reproduction

B. asexual reproduction (binary fission)

C. asexual reproduction (budding)



Freshwater Hydra bulges off the side of a parent and eventually separates as a new cell. Based on this information what type of reproduction is this?

A. sexual reproduction

B. asexual reproduction (budding)

C. asexual reproduction (fragmentation)


Every cell of every living thing on earth contains all the information it needs to create and duplicate and make variations of:

A. itself

B. any other kind of cell

C. red blood cells


How many chromosomes does the human genome contain?

A. 23

B. 46

C. 96

D. 14


It’s estimated that all the chromosomes together house about 20,000 individual instructions called

A. genes

B. base pairs

C. chromatophores

D. lipids


Process that allows asexual reproduction

A. mitosis

B. meiosis

C. both


What is the name for an organism’s genetic material?

A. DNA

B. Molecule

C. Nucleotide

D. Translation



A whole new starfish can grow from a single arm that was cut off a starfish. Based on this information, what type of reproduction is this?

A. sexual reproduction

B. asexual reproduction (fragmentation)

C. asexual reproduction (budding)


The four differing nucleotide parts, called bases, are made of a few:

A. sugars

B. phosphates

C. nitrogenous bases

D. all of the above



A paramecium is a single celled organism that reproduces by splitting in half to become two new cells. Based on this information, what type of reproduction is this?

A. sexual reproduction

B. asexual reproduction (budding)

C. asexual reproduction (binary fission)




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