Medical Quiz

Cardiovascular Nursing Quiz


During inspection of the carotid arteries, the nurse assessed a bounding pulse. The nurse should evaluate the client for which additional finding?

A. Fever

B. Bruits

C. Chest pain

D. Cyanosis

While reviewing a medical record, a notation of 4+ edema of the right leg was noted. The best description of this type of edema is:

A. mild pitting, no perceptible swelling of the leg

B. moderate pitting, indentation subsides rapidly

C. deep pitting, leg looks swollen

D. deep pitting, indentation lasts lover than 3 seconds

The stethoscope bell should be pressed lightly against the skin so that:

A. chest hair doesn’t simulate crackles

B. high-pitched sounds can be heard better

C. it does not act as a diaphragm

D. it does not interfere with amplification of heart sounds

The student nurse wishes to listen in the pulmonic valve area. To do this, the stethescope would be placed at the:

A. second right interspace

B. second left interspace

C. left lower sternal border

D. fifth interspace, left midclavicular line

The function of the pulmonic valve is to:

A. divide the left atrium and left ventricle

B. guard the opening between the right atrium and right ventricle

C. protect the orifice between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery

D. guard the entrance to the aorta from the left ventricle

Select The best description of the tricuspid valve.

A. left semilunar valve

B. right atrioventricular valve

C. left atrioventricular valve

D. right semilunar valve

The second heart sound is the result of:

A. opening of the mitral and tricuspid valves

B. closing of the mitral and tricuspid valves

C. opening of the aortic and pulmonic valves

D. closing of the aortic and pulmonic valves

In preparing to perform a cardiovascular assessment, the nurse should initially place the client in which position?

A. Supine

B. Lithotomy

C. Sitting upright

D. Prone

When palpating the carotid arteries, it is essential that the nurse do which of the following?

A. Palpate the carotids while the client is supine

B. Avoid palpating the carotids simultaneously

C. Determine if there is a heave

D. Palpate for an enlarged heart

The nurse is performing a cardiovascular assessment. To evaluate the client of pulmonary edema, the nurse would assess the client for which manifestation?

A. Edema in the lower extremities

B. Shortness of breath

C. A thrill

D. Splinter hemorrhages

The function of the venous system is:

A. to hold more blood when blood volume increases

B. to conserve fluid and plasma proteins that leak out of the capillaries

C. to form a major part of the immune system that dfends the body against disease

D. to absorb lipids from the intestinal tract

When auscultating the heart, your first step is to:

A. identify s1 and s2

B. listen for s3 and s4

C. listen for murmurs

D. identify all four sounds on the first round

When performing a dietary history on a client with a cardiovascular history, the nurse should obtain information related to which items?

A. Dairy consumption

B. Sodium intake

C. Whole grain intake

D. Vitamin supplements

During a cardiovascular assessment, the nurse finds a bluish tinge on the client’s lips, fingers, and toes. Wheat is the appropriate documentation for this finding.

A. Central cyanosis

B. Peripheral cyanosis

C. Central and peripheral cyanosis

D. cyanosis


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