Medical Quiz

Respiratory Acidosis Quiz


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What is the condition when you compensate by hyperventilating?

A. Respiratory Acidosis

B. Metabolic Acidosis

C. Respiratory Alkalosis

D. Metabolic Alkalosis


What is the body’s compensation when having Respiratory Acidosis?

A. The kidney’s excretes HCO3-

B. Your lungs will hyperventilate

C. The kidney’s will reabsorb HCO3-

D. Your lungs will hypoventilate


You are reviewing the results of an ABG. When the pH and the PaCO2 values are moving in opposite directions, the primary problem is: 

A. Respiratory

B. Renal

C. Metabolic

D. Compensation


The nurse suspects respiratory failure secondary to hypoventilation in a patient with which condition?

A. anxiety

B. neuromuscular disease

C. pulmonary embolism

D. volume A/C ventilation at a rate of 20 breaths/min


This is a condition where there is loss of acid and lungs excrete excessive amounts of CO2

A. respiratory acidosis

B. respiratory alkalosis

C. metabolic acidosis

D. metabolic alkalosis


The respiratory system compensates for changes in the pH level by responding to changes in the levels of:

A. CO2

B.  H2O

C. H2CO3

D. HCO3


What is the major cause of metabolic acidosis?

A. hyperventilation

B. hypoventilation

C. ketoacidosis

D. renal failure


Your body is compensating by excreting HCO3- out from the body. What is the condition that induced this compensation?

A. Respiratory Alkalosis

B. Respiratory Acidosis

C. Metabolic Alkalosis

D. Metabolic Acidosis


What is the primary goal for a patient with ARDS?

A. increase respiratory rate

B. achieve adequate oxygenation

C. volume control

D. keep C02 within normal range


Which condition manifest with hypoventilation?

A. Respiratory acidosis

B. respiratory alkalosis

C. metabolic acidosis

D. metabolic alkalosis


What Acid-Base imbalance condition is usually from hyperventilation?

A. Respiratory acidosis

B. Respiratory alkalosis

C. Metabolic acidosos

D. Metabolic alkalosis


An incomplete glucose metabolism produces what type of acid?

A. ketoacids

B. carbonic acid

C. lactic acid

D. fatty acids


The main compensatory mechanism in respiratory alkalosis is

A. a) Retention of CO2.

B. b) Excretion of bicarbonate

C. c) Increase in Red Blood Cells.

D. d) Buffer system.


A student is nervous for a big exam and is breathing rapidly, what do you expect out of the followings

A. a) Metabolic Acidosis

B. b) Metabolic Alkalosis

C. c) Respiratory Acidosis

D. d) Respiratory Alkalosis


Your body is compensating by excreting HCO3- out from the body. What is the condition that induced this compensation?

A. Respiratory Alkalosis

B. Respiratory Acidosis

C. Metabolic Alkalosis

D. Metabolic Acidosis


The main pathology in respiratory acidosis is

A. a) Increase in bicarbonate concentration.

B. b) Increase in pCO2.

C. c) Decrease in respiratory rate.

D. d) Hypoxia.


The patient whose blood that is most alkalotic would be the one with a pH of:

A. 7.4

B. 6.9

C. 7.8

D. 7.6


A serum pH of more than 7.45 is considered:

A. Acidic

B. Alkalinic


The normal pH range for blood is:

A. 7.0 – 7.25

B. 7.30 – 7.40

C. 7.35 – 7.45

D. 7.45 – 7.55


Refers to the pathologic process causing a relative excess of acid in the body

A. acidosis

B. alkalosis




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