Medical Quiz

Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Quiz


The EMT has a legal duty to act if he or she is

A. off duty and witnesses a major car accident

B. a volunteer, is on duty, and is dispatched on a call

C. off work, out of his or her jurisdiction and sees a man choking

Do not resuscitate orders are considered valid if they are:

A. signed by a lawyer

B. signed by the patient

C. signed by a nurse

D. signed by a doctor

Which is an example of abandonment?

A. EMT leaves scene after a competent adult has refused care

B. EMT transfers care of a patient to a Paramedic

C. EMT transfers care of a pt to an emergency department nurse

D. Paramedic transferred patient care to an EMT

An important safeguard against legal implication is

A. responding to every call with lights and sirens

B. write a complete and accurate patient care report

C. check ambulance equipment once a week

Lividity in a patient can tell you:

A. How the patient died

B. Their temperature

C. How they were positioned when they died

D. Their age at the time of death

Permission for care given directly by the patients nodded head.

A. Informed consent

B. Expressed consent

C. Surrogate consent

D. Implied consent

A wrongdoing for which legal action can be brought to court for damages.

A. criminal

B. settlement

C. tort

What is another name for decomposition

A. decapitation

B. lividity

C. putrefacation

D. rigor

A provider has is required to perform care by law or because of job duties and expectations

A. duty to act

B. breach of duty

C. proximate cause

D. protocols

A patients willingness to donate his or her organs is commonly documented on their

A. DNR order

B. passport

C. social security card

D. drivers license

In EMS where does the largest risk for a lawsuit occur.

A. When lifting a patient

B. When transporting the patient

C. When obtaining a patient refusal

D. When documenting accurate vital signs

All care provided by EMS personnel within an EMS system is authorized by a(n):

A. Medical Director

B. Fire Chief

C. Ambulance Supervisor

D. Nursing Supervisor

What does HIPAA stand for?

A. Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act

B. Health Insurance Probability and Peace Act

C. Health Insurance Privacy & Accountability Act

D. Health Insurance Portability & Assurability Act

If an action or procedure that was performed on a patient, but not recorded on a written report:

A. it can be qualified by the charge Medic

B. it can be used to show haphazmat emt

C. The partner can back you up

D. It didnt happen

Pt (patient) acknowledges he/she wants you to provide care/transport

A. Implied

B. Informed

C. Expressed

D. Involuntary

An emancipated minor is:

A. child who is injured in school, but the parent is at work

B. patient who has been judged mental by the courts

C. child who is injured while working

D. individual who is under age but lives independently of their parents

Legal document that either provide instruction on a patients medical decisions such as do they want antibiotics, or blood transfusions.


B. Living will

C. Advance Directives


Written document of a patient requesting CPR not to be performed.


B. Advance directive


D. Living will

This is a set of rules, regulations, and laws that tell how you legally function as an EMT

A. Scope of Function

B. Scope of protocols

C. Scope of practice

D. Scope of oversight

Member of the EMS system who provides pre-arrival instructions to callers, thereby helping to initiate lifesaving care before EMS personnel arrive:

A. Emergency Medical Dispatcher (EMD)

B. Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)

C. Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)

D. Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT)

You are dispatched to the scene of a pedestrian hit my a car. You find a 40 year old man laying in the street unconscious. You treat him the concept of what type

A. informed consent

B. implied consent

C. expressed consent

D. presumed consent

A basic principle in EMS care is

A. Treat others as they treat you

B. Dont hit first

C. First try not to be sued

D. First do no further harm


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