Medical Quiz

Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Quiz


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Written document of a patient requesting CPR not to be performed.

A. DNR

B. Advance directive

C. MRI

D. Living will


Legal document that either provide instruction on a patients medical decisions such as do they want antibiotics, or blood transfusions.

A. DNR

B. Living will

C. Advance Directives

D. POLST


Do not resuscitate orders are considered valid if they are:

A. signed by a lawyer

B. signed by the patient

C. signed by a nurse

D. signed by a doctor


Which is an example of abandonment?

A. EMT leaves scene after a competent adult has refused care

B. EMT transfers care of a patient to a Paramedic

C. EMT transfers care of a pt to an emergency department nurse

D. Paramedic transferred patient care to an EMT


Permission for care given directly by the patients nodded head.

A. Informed consent

B. Expressed consent

C. Surrogate consent

D. Implied consent


The EMT has a legal duty to act if he or she is

A. off duty and witnesses a major car accident

B. a volunteer, is on duty, and is dispatched on a call

C. off work, out of his or her jurisdiction and sees a man choking


This is a set of rules, regulations, and laws that tell how you legally function as an EMT

A. Scope of Function

B. Scope of protocols

C. Scope of practice

D. Scope of oversight


A patients willingness to donate his or her organs is commonly documented on their

A. DNR order

B. passport

C. social security card

D. drivers license


Pt (patient) acknowledges he/she wants you to provide care/transport

A. Implied

B. Informed

C. Expressed

D. Involuntary


What is another name for decomposition

A. decapitation

B. lividity

C. putrefacation

D. rigor


An important safeguard against legal implication is

A. responding to every call with lights and sirens

B. write a complete and accurate patient care report

C. check ambulance equipment once a week


Member of the EMS system who provides pre-arrival instructions to callers, thereby helping to initiate lifesaving care before EMS personnel arrive:

A. Emergency Medical Dispatcher (EMD)

B. Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)

C. Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)

D. Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT)


An emancipated minor is:

A. child who is injured in school, but the parent is at work

B. patient who has been judged mental by the courts

C. child who is injured while working

D. individual who is under age but lives independently of their parents


All care provided by EMS personnel within an EMS system is authorized by a(n):

A. Medical Director

B. Fire Chief

C. Ambulance Supervisor

D. Nursing Supervisor


If an action or procedure that was performed on a patient, but not recorded on a written report:

A. it can be qualified by the charge Medic

B. it can be used to show haphazmat emt

C. The partner can back you up

D. It didnt happen


A wrongdoing for which legal action can be brought to court for damages.

A. criminal

B. settlement

C. tort


A basic principle in EMS care is

A. Treat others as they treat you

B. Dont hit first

C. First try not to be sued

D. First do no further harm


A provider has is required to perform care by law or because of job duties and expectations

A. duty to act

B. breach of duty

C. proximate cause

D. protocols


In EMS where does the largest risk for a lawsuit occur.

A. When lifting a patient

B. When transporting the patient

C. When obtaining a patient refusal

D. When documenting accurate vital signs


What does HIPAA stand for?

A. Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act

B. Health Insurance Probability and Peace Act

C. Health Insurance Privacy & Accountability Act

D. Health Insurance Portability & Assurability Act


You are dispatched to the scene of a pedestrian hit my a car. You find a 40 year old man laying in the street unconscious. You treat him the concept of what type

A. informed consent

B. implied consent

C. expressed consent

D. presumed consent


Lividity in a patient can tell you:

A. How the patient died

B. Their temperature

C. How they were positioned when they died

D. Their age at the time of death




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Medical Quiz should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. All content on this website is for informational and educational purposes only.