Medical Quiz

Urinary System and Fluid Balance Quiz


Which gland sits atop each kidney?

A. adrenal         

B.  thymus          

C. pituitary        

D.  pancreas


A. Exclution

B. Explosion

C. Excretion

D. Expression

As the renal artery approaches the kidney, it branches to supply the renal tissue. Place the following in correct sequence starting from the renal artery. 1. segmental 2. cortical radiate 3. arcuate 4. interlobar                                          

A. 1, 4, 3, 2

B.  3, 1, 4, 2 

C.  1, 2, 3, 4

D.  1, 4, 2, 3

The first structure in the kidney to collect newly formed urine is the:

A. Renal capsule

B. Minor calyx

C. Renal pelvis

D. Renal sinus

E. Renal cortex

What tube is between the kidney and bladder?

A.   ureters                     

B. urethra               

C. fallopian tube         

D. intestines

Arrange the following structures in correct sequence: (1) ureter (2) renal pelvis (3) calyx (4) urinary bladder (5) urethra

A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

B. 3, 2, 1, 4, 5

C. 2, 4, 5, 3, 1

D. 3, 4, 1, 2, 5

E. 1, 3, 2, 4, 5

What is the action of urination?

A. mastication       

B.   olfaction 

C. micturition

D.   secretion

The filtration membrane includes all except ________.

A. glomerular endothelium

B. renal fascia

C. podocytes

D. basement membrane

Which is not a function of the urinary system?

A. Regulation of blood volume

B. Excretion of wastes

C. Regulation of erythrocyte production

D. Regulation of lymphocyte production

E. Storage of urine

Which of the following are functions of the urinary system? 1. Vitamin D synthesis 2) Excretion 3) Regulation of red blood cell synthesis 4) Regulation of the concentration of solutes in the blood 5) Regulation of blood volume and pressure 6) Chemical digestion

A. 1, 2, 3, 4

B. 2, 3, 4

C. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

D. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6

E. 2, 3, 4, 6

While the kidneys process about 180 L of blood-derived fluids daily, the amount that actually leaves the body is ________.

A. 50%, or 90 L

B. all of the 180 L                 

C. 1%, or 1.8L

D. 100 L                    

Urine passes through the ________.

A. renal hilum to the bladder to the ureter

B. pelvis of the kidney to ureter to bladder to urethra                

C. glomerulus to ureter to renal tubule                

D. hilus to urethra to bladder

The ________ artery lies on the boundary between the cortex and medulla of the kidney.       

A. lobar           

B.  arcuate        

C.  interlobar          

D.  cortical radiate

The first major branch of the renal artery is ________.

A. arcuate         

B.  interlobular       

C.   segmental        

D.   cortical radiate

The primary excretory organ/s:

A. urethra

B. urinary bladder

C. ureters

D. kidneys

____% of water ingested is circulated in the body and ____ % is excreted.

A. 89, 11

B. 90, 10

C. 95, 5

D. 99, 1

Which of the choices below is NOT a function of the urinary system?

A. helps maintain homeostasis by controlling the composition, volume, and pressure of blood

B. regulates blood glucose levels and produces hormones

C. eliminates solid, undigested wastes and excretes carbon dioxide, water, salts, and heat

D. maintains blood osmolarity

Which of the following is not reabsorbed by the proximal convoluted tubule?

A.  Na+              

B.  K+            

C. glucose             

D. creatinine

Blood vessels of the renal columns are called ________.

A. lobar          

B.  segmental          

C.  interlobar          

D.  cortical radiate


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