Medical Quiz

Urinary Quiz


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Identify the nonselective and passive process performed by the glomerulus that forms the filtrate

A. Tubular secretion

B. Glomerular filtration

C. Tubular reabsoption

D. Glomerular reabsoption


Identify the incorrect function of angiotensin II in the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS).

A. Increases blood pressure by dilating arterioles.

B. Increases blood pressure by decreasing blood flow to many capillaries.

C. Stimulates proximal convoluted tubules to reabsorb more NaCl and water.

D. Stimulates adrenal gland to release aldosterone.


_____________ is the second step of urine formation; substances move from the tubular fluid back into the blood.

A. Tubular Reabsorption

B. Tubular Secretion

C. Glomerular Filtration


Which kidney structure empties into the ureter?

A. renal pelvis

B. calyx

C. renal papilla

D. renal pyramid


Which of the followings is least likely to be found in the filtrate that moves from glomarulus to the Bowman’s capsule in kidney?

A. NaCl

B. Erythrocyte

C. Glucose

D. Urea


Identify the correct statement about countercurrent multipliers system

A. Descending limb loop of Henle is impermeable to water

B. Ascending limb loop of Henle is impermeable to salt

C. Descending limb loop of Henle is permeable to water

D. Ascending limb loop of Henle is permeable to water


Identify the substance that is secreted by the proximal tubule and prevents the pH of urine from becoming too acidic

A. Bicarbonate

B. Salt

C. Glucose

D. Hydrogen ion


What is the function of ADH?

A. decreases reabsorption of water and salts

B. increases reabsorption of hydrogen ions

C. increase reabsorption of salts

D. increases reabsorption of water 


Which of following is not correct about kidney?

A. Formation and excretion of urine

B. waste management

C. Release of erythropoetin which stimulates formation of red blood cells

D. Passageway to excrete urine


Which stage of urine production involves adding ammonia, uric acid, and other waste substances directly into the renal tubule?

A. reabsorption

B. filtration

C. secretion

D. excretion


Indicate the most abundant cation in the extracellular fluid.

A. K+

B. Na+

C. Cl

D. SO4 2-


Identify structure A

A. Ureter

B. Renal Medulla

C. Renal Cortex

D. Adrenal Gland


Identify Structure F

A. Proximal Convoluted Tubule

B. Distal Convoluted Tubule

C. Nephron Loop (Loop of Henle)

D. Collecting Duct


Which stage of urine production involves the removal of substances from the bloodstream?

A. reabsorption

B. excretion

C. filtration

D. secretion


Which stage of urine production involves returning water, nutrients, and electrolytes to the bloodstream?

A. filtration

B. excretion

C. secretion

D. reabsorption 


Which of the following substances is incorrectly matched with its producer?

A. Aldosterone–Adrenal gland

B. Angiotensinogen– Liver

C. Angiotensisn converting enzyme– Heart

D. Renin-Kidney




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