Medical Quiz

The Musculoskeletal and Integumentary Systems Quiz


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Which structure of the skeletal system holds bones together?

A. cartilage

B. ligament

C. joint


Which describes an interaction within the musculoskeletal system?

A. When a ligament contracts, a tendon will move.

B. When a tendon contracts, a ligament will move.

C. When a bone contracts, a muscle will move.

D. When a muscle contracts, a bone will move.


Which is the function of the skull?

A. produces brain cells

B. protects the brain

C. gives shape to the brain

D. moves the brain


Identifying Structures of the Musculoskeletal System

Label B
_
A. bone

B. muscle

C. tendon

D. cartilage

E. ligament


What do the stapedius and gluteus maximus have in common?

A. They move the hips and thighs.

B. They are attached to bones.

C. They are the largest muscles.

D. They are the smallest muscles.


Identifying Structures of the Musculoskeletal System

Label A
_
A. bone

B. muscle

C. tendon

D. cartilage

E. ligament


helps in controlling the temperature of the body

A. muscles

B. nerve endings

C. oil glands


When Jacob starts running, his legs move faster and his heart rate increases. Which types of muscles are involved in these changes?

A. Skeletal muscles control his leg movement and smooth muscles control his heart rate.

B. Skeletal muscles control his leg movement and cardiac muscles control his heart rate.

C. Smooth muscles control his leg movement and cardiac muscles control his heart rate.

D. Skeletal muscles control both his leg movement and heart rate.


The hair on Jamal’s arms is standing straight up.

What most likely explains why his hair is behaving this way?
_
A. He is in a cold area.

B. He is sweating.

C. He is in danger of bacteria.

D. He is receiving information for touch.


moves hip and thigh

A. stapedius

B. sartorius

C. gluteus maximus


The picture represents muscle tissue.

Which type of muscle tissue is pictured?
_
A. cardiac

B. skeletal

C. smooth

D. striated


strong, dense outer layer of a bone

A. compact bone

B. spongy bone

C. bone marrow


Which function is common to skin, hair, and nails?

A. release of waste materials

B. protection from harmful things

C. control of body temperature

D. production of vitamin D


__________ is a flexible connective tissue that protects bones as the bones rub against each other.

A. ligament

B. connective tissue

C. cartilage

D. joint


the point where two or more bones come together

A. joint

B. ligament

C. connective tissue

D. cartilage


Which is the biggest muscle in the human body?

A. heart

B. sartorius

C. gluteus minimus

D. gluteus maximus


Henry touched a hot plate and immediately moved his finger away from it.

Which best explains the integumentary system’s role in this reaction?
_
A. Oil in the skin sensed the temperature difference.

B. Nerve endings in the skin responded to the heat.

C. Some hairs stood up when the fingers touched the plate.

D. His nails absorbed heat and moved his finger away from the plate.


Identifying Structures of the Musculoskeletal System

Label D
_
A. ligament

B. cartilage

C. tendon

D. muscle

E. bone


lightweight, inner layer of a bone that contains many small spaces

A. bone marrow

B. spongy bone

C. compact bone


striated, voluntary, helps body to move

A. cardiac muscle

B. smooth muscle

C. skeletal muscle


Supports bone in ear

A. stapedius

B. sartorius

C. gluteus maximus


protects the body from harmful bacteria

A. muscles

B. nerve endings

C. oil glands


The skin is the largest organ in the body.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


To raise an arm upward, the muscle on one side of it contracts.

What happens to the muscle on the opposite side of the arm?
_
A. contracts

B. relaxes

C. both contracts and relaxes

D. neither contracts nor relaxes


nonstriated, involuntary, helps food go through digestive tract

A. skeletal muscle

B. smooth muscle

C. cardiac muscle




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