Medical Quiz

Terms and Definitions - Diseases Quiz


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An organism or particle that causes disease (viruses, bacteria, etc.)v

A. disease

B. pathogen

C. infectious disease

D. non infectious disease

E. Allergy


A disease that is not caused by pathogens and is not contagious (Alzheimer’s, cancer)

A. disease

B. pathogen

C. infectious disease

D. noninfectious disease

E. Allergy


microorganisms which are typically one-celled, have no chlorophyll, multiply by simple division, and can be seen only with a microscope

A. acute

B. chronic

C. bacteria

D. virus

E. lymphatic system


components of the immune and lymphatic systems

A. lymph node

B. immunity

C. active immunity

D. passive immunity

E. lymph nodes, adenoids, spleen, bone marrow, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, appendix


the body’s ability to protect itself from pathogens before they cause disease

A. lymph node

B. immunity

C. active immunity

D. passive immunity

E. lymph nodes, adenoids, spleen, bone marrow, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, appendix


A substance that provokes allergies (pollen, mold, dust, certain foods)

A. Allergen

B. pathogen

C. infectious disease

D. non infectious disease

E. Allergy


body systems that work together to defend the body against disease.

A. lymph node

B. immune system, lymphatic system, and cardiovascular system

C. active immunity

D. passive immunity

E. lymph nodes, adenoids, spleen, bone marrow, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, appendix


the type of immunity in which the immune system produces antibodies in response to the presence of a pathogen. It can last a few years or up to a lifetime

A. lymph node

B. immunity

C. active immunity

D. passive immunity

E. lymph nodes, adenoids, spleen, bone marrow, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, appendix


An abnormal reaction to a foreign substance

A. disease

B. pathogen

C. infectious disease

D. non infectious disease

E. Allergy


a major component of the immune system that protects the body from pathogens

A. acute

B. chronic

C. bacteria

D. virus

E. lymphatic system


a tiny, nonliving particle that can infect cells and cause diseases and cannot be killed with antibiotics

A. acute

B. chronic

C. bacteria

D. virus

E. lymphatic system


A pathological condition of a part, organ, or system of an organism characterized by an identifiable group of signs or symptoms

A. disease

B. pathogen

C. infectious disease

D. non infectious disease

E. Allergy


beginning suddenly and lasting for a short time (colds, flu)

A. acute

B. chronic

C. bacteria

D. virus

E. lymphatic system


A contagious disease caused by pathogens (flu, measles, chickenpox, malaria)

A. disease

B. pathogen

C. infectious disease

D. non infectious disease

E. Allergy


a rounded mass of tissue that filters fluids from other body tissues and traps pathogens

A. lymph node

B. immunity

C. active immunity

D. passive immunity

E. lymph nodes, adenoids, spleen, bone marrow, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, appendix


a type of immunity acquired when a person receives antibodies from an outside source. It only lasts for a few months

A. lymph node

B. immunity

C. active immunity

D. passive immunity

E. lymph nodes, adenoids, spleen, bone marrow, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, appendix




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