Medical Quiz

Skel, Musc, Nerv, Circ, Resp Quiz


The job of tendons in the muscular system is to

A. connect muscles to bones

B. control protein synthesis

C. transmit nerve signals

D. repair damaged cells

What is the main function of the skeletal system in relation to the muscular system?

A. to provide attachment points for muscles

B. to assist muscles in growth and development

C. to produce muscle cells inside the bone marrow

D. to produce enzymes that help the muscles repair themselves

How does the skeletal system interact with the nervous system?

A. the nervous system provides the blood and oxygen to developing bones

B. the nervous system provides nutrients and minerals to developing bones

C. the skeletal system controls the messages sent to the brain and spinal cord

D. the skeletal system provides protection to the brain and spinal cord

Gas exchange occurs between the tissue cells and the blood in the

A. arteries

B. capillaries

C. veins

D. venules

The brain, bones, and muscles work together to help people move. What other organs work together to create movement?

A. liver and lungs

B. liver and bladder

C. heart and bladder

D. heart and lungs

In the human body, which of the following organs connects the sensory organs through nerves, allowing an individual to utilize their senses.

A. brain

B. heart

C. lungs

D. muscles

Which type of muscles are used when a person walks?

A. cardiac muscle

B. smooth muscle

C. joints and tendons

D. skeletal muscles

What is an example of the muscular system and the nervous system interacting to maintain homeostasis?

A. The brain sends a message to move a muscle.

B. A leg muscle provides energy to the brain.

C. A rib bone moves oxygen and glucose to the brain.

D. The skull provides nutrients for brain growth and repair.

What are the main functions of the human skeleton?

A. exchange of gases

B. support and movement

C. sensing the environment

D. digestion and excretion

When a doctor checks the reflex of your knee, which body systems are being tested?

A. respiratory and excretory

B. excretory and muscular

C. muscular and nervous

D. nervous and digestive

Which of the following make up the central nervous system?

A. brain and spinal cord

B. nerves and ganglia

C. brain and peripheral nerves

D. tracts and spinal cord

Which statement provides the best evidence that the muscular system interacts with the respiratory system to carry out life processes?

A. The absorption of oxygen by sacs called alveoli shows how specialized tissues are necessary for movement of substances through the respiratory system.

B. The initiation of the breathing process by the phrenic nerves shows how neurons are necessary for blood oxygenation.

C. The protection provided by the rib bones shows how the respiratory system needs hardened organs to keep it working properly.

D. The diaphragm’s movement downward to draw air into the lungs shows how muscles are necessary to bring air into the body.

Which statement correctly describes two organ systems working together when the body increases its movement?

A. The excretory system releases extra waste, and the digestive systems breaks down nutrients quickly to replace the waste.

B. The digestive system breaks down nutrients quickly, and the respiratory system delivers the nutrients to the working muscles.

C. The respiratory system increases gas exchange, and the circulatory system circulates blood faster to deliver oxygen to muscles.

D. The circulatory system picks up more carbon dioxide waste from the muscles, and the excretory system releases the carbon dioxide.

The nucleus of a single-celled organism becomes damaged. In a complex organism, this would be similar to which organ system becoming damaged?

A. nervous

B. excretory

C. cardiovascular

D. respiratory

The human circulatory system and respiratory system work together to help the body maintain homeostasis. Which of the following is a result of the combined effort of these two systems?

A. the removal of salts

B. the removal of urine

C. the intake of carbon dioxide

D. the intake of oxygen

Jenny plays on a soccer team and kicked the soccer ball into the goal. What role did her muscles perform?

A. Her muscles carried blood to her legs.

B. Her muscles made the energy for her legs.

C. Her muscles stored minerals in her legs.

D. Her muscles moved the bones in her legs.

Red blood cells are produced in the body and travel through arteries and veins. The circulatory system is able to maintain a relatively constant amount of red blood cells because blood cells are regularly produced by

A. the lymph of the circulatory system

B. the neurons of the nervous system

C. the glands of the endocrine system

D. the bones of the skeletal system

The spinal cord, a long tubular structure, that connects to the brain, is protected by the vertebrae. In this situation the

A. endocrine system works in conjunction with the respiratory system

B. nervous system works in conjunction with the skeletal system

C. digestive system works in conjunction with the excretory system

D. muscular system works in conjunction with the nervous system

Which body systems work together to send oxygen throughout the body?

A. respiratory and excretory

B. integumentary and nervous

C. respiratory and circulatory

D. nervous and muscular

What structure connects bones together at a joint?

A. cartilage

B. ligament

C. muscle

D. tendon

Which of the following is a function of the musculoskeletal system in the human body?

A. repairing vital organs

B. feeding vital organs

C. protecting vital organs

D. monitoring vital organs

The respiratory system provides oxygen to the blood in the body, while removing carbon dioxide. Which system directly interacts with the respiratory system to maintain homeostasis?

A. the excretory system when it sends out liquid waste as urea

B. the skeletal system when oxygen and glucose around the ribs are absorbed

C. the nervous system when the brain regulates the body’s breathing and heart rate

D. the digestive system when food is broke n down for nutrients

What is the primary role of the cardiovascular system in maintaining the body?

A. It signals nervous responses and hormones.

B. It controls growth and sexual reproduction.

C. It provides cells with nutrients and oxygen while it removes waste.

D. It breaks down food and carbon dioxide, while it excretes mucus


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