Medical Quiz

Pathophysiology_Endocrine Quiz


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The “master gland” of the endocrine system, a gland that controls many body activities.

A. hormone

B. pituitary gland

C. hypothalamus

D. adrenal gland


The Adrenal gland secretes the following except:

A. cortisol

B. ADH

C. epinephrine

D. aldosterone


Which gland secretes insulin?

A. Pancreas

B. Ovaries

C. Pituitary

D. Thymus


The process by which an organism’s internal environment is kept stable in spite of changes in the external environment.

A. Positive Feedback

B. Negative Feedback

C. Homeostasis

D. Targeted Cells


Which of the following is considered a femal gonad?

A. Pituitary Gland

B. Ovaries 

C. Hypothalmus 

D. Testes


What hormone is responsible for the “fight or flight” response?

A. Testosterone

B. Cortisol

C. Adrenaline

D. Parathyroid Hormone


epinephrine will do all of the following EXCEPT

A. increase heart rate

B. decrease urination

C. increase digestion

D. increase breathing rate


Reverses the effects of the stimulus 

A. Hypothalmus 

B. Postive feedback loop

C. Pituitary Gland

D. Negative feedback loop


Which hormone is released in times of stress?

A. parathyroid hormone

B. cortisol

C. calcitonin

D. aldosterone


What is the endocrine system?

A. senses the hormone levels in the blood

B. controls all other endocrine glands

C. A group of glands that work together with the nervous system to coordinate all body functions

D. decreases bone calcium levels


Which of the following is NOT a function of cortisol type hormones?

A. increase blood pressure

B. increase metabolism

C. decrease digestion activity

D. increase ovulation


Where are the adrenal glands located? 

A. Bottom of the kidneys

B. In front of the kidneys 

C. On top of the kidneys

D. Lower abdomen 


Insulin causes

A. a decrease in the concentration of blood glucose

B. a decrease in the permeability of cell membranes to glucose

C. an increase in the production of glucose from glycogen

D. a release of adrenaline into the body


The adrenal cortex is

A. the outside portion of the gland

B. the inside portion of the gland


epinephrine is also known as

A. vasopressin

B. pitocin

C. adrenalin

D. growth hormone


The chemical product of an endocrine gland.

A. Homeostasis

B. Hormone

C. Nerve Cell

D. Neurotransmitter


The purpose of the endocrine system is to

A. maintain homeostasis by reacting quickly to stimuli

B. produce substances that protect the body from bacteria

C. maintain metabolism, growth and development in homeostasis

D. transport molecules throughout the body


Which of the following are functions of the thyroid gland?

A. Sleep Cycle

B. Growth 

C. Blood Glucose Levels 

D. Metabolism and Energy 


Aldosterone acts on which organ to help increase blood pressure?

A. pancreas

B. intestines

C. kidneys

D. heart


What does the endocrine system do?

A. Responsible for digestion 

B. Regulate bone growth

C. Release homrones into the blooodstream

D. Maintains immmun system




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