Medical Quiz

Pathophysiology_Endocrine Quiz


The “master gland” of the endocrine system, a gland that controls many body activities.

A. hormone

B. pituitary gland

C. hypothalamus

D. adrenal gland

The Adrenal gland secretes the following except:

A. cortisol


C. epinephrine

D. aldosterone

Which gland secretes insulin?

A. Pancreas

B. Ovaries

C. Pituitary

D. Thymus

The process by which an organism’s internal environment is kept stable in spite of changes in the external environment.

A. Positive Feedback

B. Negative Feedback

C. Homeostasis

D. Targeted Cells

Which of the following is considered a femal gonad?

A. Pituitary Gland

B. Ovaries 

C. Hypothalmus 

D. Testes

What hormone is responsible for the “fight or flight” response?

A. Testosterone

B. Cortisol

C. Adrenaline

D. Parathyroid Hormone

epinephrine will do all of the following EXCEPT

A. increase heart rate

B. decrease urination

C. increase digestion

D. increase breathing rate

Reverses the effects of the stimulus 

A. Hypothalmus 

B. Postive feedback loop

C. Pituitary Gland

D. Negative feedback loop

Which hormone is released in times of stress?

A. parathyroid hormone

B. cortisol

C. calcitonin

D. aldosterone

What is the endocrine system?

A. senses the hormone levels in the blood

B. controls all other endocrine glands

C. A group of glands that work together with the nervous system to coordinate all body functions

D. decreases bone calcium levels

Which of the following is NOT a function of cortisol type hormones?

A. increase blood pressure

B. increase metabolism

C. decrease digestion activity

D. increase ovulation

Where are the adrenal glands located? 

A. Bottom of the kidneys

B. In front of the kidneys 

C. On top of the kidneys

D. Lower abdomen 

Insulin causes

A. a decrease in the concentration of blood glucose

B. a decrease in the permeability of cell membranes to glucose

C. an increase in the production of glucose from glycogen

D. a release of adrenaline into the body

The adrenal cortex is

A. the outside portion of the gland

B. the inside portion of the gland

epinephrine is also known as

A. vasopressin

B. pitocin

C. adrenalin

D. growth hormone

The chemical product of an endocrine gland.

A. Homeostasis

B. Hormone

C. Nerve Cell

D. Neurotransmitter

The purpose of the endocrine system is to

A. maintain homeostasis by reacting quickly to stimuli

B. produce substances that protect the body from bacteria

C. maintain metabolism, growth and development in homeostasis

D. transport molecules throughout the body

Which of the following are functions of the thyroid gland?

A. Sleep Cycle

B. Growth 

C. Blood Glucose Levels 

D. Metabolism and Energy 

Aldosterone acts on which organ to help increase blood pressure?

A. pancreas

B. intestines

C. kidneys

D. heart

What does the endocrine system do?

A. Responsible for digestion 

B. Regulate bone growth

C. Release homrones into the blooodstream

D. Maintains immmun system


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