Medical Quiz

Pathology of Respiratory System Quiz


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The patient is having problems breathing. A medical term for this is…

A. Hemoralgia

B. Dyspnea

C. malcarbona

D. apnea


Which of the following is an infection causes inflammation in the alveoli due to formation of pus?

A. Tuberculosis

B. Pneumonia

C. Asbestosis

D. COVID-19


Which best describes the difference between asthma and COPD?

A. COPD patients don’t have exacerbations

B. Viruses don’t trigger asthmatic exacerbations

C. In asthma, bronchoconstriction is reversible

D. Asthma doesn’t occur in smokers


what are the first symptoms of pneumonia?

A. chest pain when you breathe or cough, confusion or changes in mental awareness, cough that will include phlegm, fatigue, fever, sweating and shaking chills, lower than normal body temp, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and shortness of breath

B. chess pain when u breathe or cough, confusion or changes in mental awareness, cough that will include phlegm, fatigue, fever, sweating and shaking chills, lower than normal body temp, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and shortness of breath

C. chest pain when you breathe or coff, confusion or changes in mental awareness, coff that will include phlegm, fatigue, fever, sweating and shaking chills, lower than normal body temp, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and shortness of breath

D. chest pain when you breathe or cough, confusion or changes in mental awareness, cough that will include phlegm, fatigue, fever, sweating and shaking chills, lower than normal body temp, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea


Disease that combines chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It drastically reduces vital gas exchange and is attributed primarily to smoking.

A. Pneumothorax

B. Pulmonary Edema

C. Asthma

D. COPD


Which of the following infectious disease is not caused by foreign body/microorganism?

A. Tuberculosis

B. COVID-19

C. Asbestosis

D. Pneumonia


which one could be a symptom of C.O.P.D ?

A. hallucinations 

B. dizziness

C. shortness of breath 

D. Chronic ache 


due to inadequate amounts of gas in the alveoli), resulting in the lungs collapse. 

A. atelectasis

B. acute pulmonary distress syndrome

C. pulmonary edema

D. pneumothorax


Which of the following respiratory diseases can lead shortness of breath due to difficulty exhaling all the air from the lungs?

A. Obstructive

B. Restrictive

C. Vascular

D. Infectious


An accumulation of tissue fluid in the alveoli of the lungs:

A. pulmonary edema

B. pneumonia

C. pleural effusion

D. pulmonary thromboembolism


What happens during an asthma attack when you have C.O.P.D?

A. The bronchioles close and make it impossibe to breathe

B. You cannot breathe at all

C. The bronchioles go into spasm causing air passages to get squeezed 

D. The trachea go into spasm causing air passages to get squeezed


A temporary inflammation of the mucous membranes that line the trachea and bronchial passageways; causes a cough that may produce mucus.

A. pneumonia

B. acute bronchitis

C. tuberculosis

D. dyspnea


What is the direct cause of asthma attacks?

A. Blood clots in the trachea

B. Swelling and excess mucous in the airways

C. Excess fluid in the air sacs

D. Infection of the lungs


inflammation of the sinuses

A. infuenza

B. nasopharyngitis

C. sinusitis

D. pharyngitis


Infection of the lungs where alveoli are flooded with bacteria and WBCs:

A. pneumonia

B. pleuritis/pleurisy

C. Roarers

D. pulmonary edema


Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Difficulty in breathing which progressively worsens over time usually due to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

A. influenza

B. pneumonia

C. dyspnea

D. tuberculosis


Which of the following is TRUE about Pleural Effusion?

A. Inflammatory disease that affects mostly the lungs and lymph glands

B. Occurs when air leaks into the space between your lung and chest wall.

C. Build-up of excess fluid between the layers of the pleura outside the lungs

D. A condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus.


What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?

A. Wheezing, snoring & sneezing

B. Weight muscle, mucus & wheezing

C. Wheezing, mucus & weight loss

D. Shortness of breath, sneezing & mucus


A long lasting respiratory condition in which the airways of the lungs become obstructed due to inflammation of the bronchi and excessive mucous production

A. acute bronchitis

B. hyperventilation

C. chronic bronchitis

D. emphysema


It refers to a condition that causes shortness of breath, caused by damage in the air sacs in the lungs (alveoli)?

A. Asthma

B. Emphysema

C. Bronchitis

D. Sinusitis


Inelasticity of the lungs due to chronic inflammation and scarring of the lung tissue:

A. pleuritis/pleurisy

B. pneumothorax

C. pneumonia

D. emphysema


A disease of the lungs characterized by recurring episodes of airway inflammation causing bronchospasms and increased mucous production.

A. pneumonia

B. acute bronchitis

C. chronic bronchitis

D. asthma


C.O.P.D : Is a group of lung diseases that block airflow and make it difficult to breath.

A. False 

B. TRUE


There is a cure for asthma

A. TRUE

B. FALSE




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