Medical Quiz

Human Genome and Bioethics Review Quiz


The purpose of selective breeding is to 
A. Get bigger animals
B. get smaller animals
C. create animals with desirable traits
D. create animals with bad traits

Which country does not have GMO’s banned?
A. Japan
B. United States
C. Australia
D. Europe

What did the first/original Human Genome Project do?
A- Sequenced the entire human genome and found we had 20,000 genes that coded for proteins
B- Allowed doctors to be more aware about diseases
C- Created a new resource for life sciences and world wide conservations
D- All of the above

True or False-There could be possible benefits to GMOs.



A common genetic disorder characterized by bent and twisted red blood cells is…

A. Cystic Fibrosis

B. Hemophilia

C. Sickle Cell Disease

D. Muscular Dystrophy

What is the first cloned mammal?

A. goat

B. cat

C. sheep

D. cow

Which technique would most likely be used by forensic scientist?
A. Gene cloning
B. Gene therapy 
C. DNA fingerprinting 
D. Karyotyping 

Whether a human will be a male or a female is determined by
A. sex chromosomes in the egg cell.
B. sex chromosomes in the sperm cell.
C. autosomes in the egg cell.
D. autosomes in the sperm cell.

In a pedigree chart, how are characteristics or traits illustrated
A. circles
B. squares
C. shading
D. lines

What is the gender of the individual whose karyotype is seen in the image?
A. Male
B. Female

What is risk of GMOs?
A. Radioactive
B. Food that taste too good
C. throw an ecosystem off balance
D. produce too much food

Clones have the exact same:

A. Personalities

B. Physical appearances

C. Intelligence levels

D. Genetic material

A picture of chromosomes arranged in groups is known as a(n)…

A. Generation

B. Pedigree

C. Karyotype

D. Chromoscopy

Which best describes a mutation?

A. An error in the DNA sequence

B. A positive change in the DNA sequence

C. Passing down DNA to offspring

D. Catching a disease and changing your DNA

A crop of plants is more likely to survive a deadly virus if the plants:

A. Have unique DNA

B. Are planted close together

C. Receive little sunlight

D. Are cloned from the same plant

What is a genome?
A. The complete haploid amount of genetic material present in a cell or organism
B. A garden ornament
C. The sum of all human material.
D. A totally unique set of genetic material not shared with anything else

An example of a trait that is determined by multiple alleles is…

A. Huntington’s Disease

B. ABO Blood Groups

C. Down Syndrome

D. Hemophilia

The best description of a GMO is _____.

A. Hybrid species.

B. Natural organisms.

C. Artificially manipulated species.

D. Healthiest species.

True or False-GMO’s have been proven to be harmful for humans to consume.



Cystic fibrosis is caused by
A. a small change in the DNA sequence of one gene.
B. nondisjunction during meiosis in the father.
C. crossing over between X and Y chromosomes.
D. the combined effects of several genes.

Most sex-linked genes are found on the…

A. Y Chromosome

B. X Chromosome

C. X and Y Chromosomes

D. Autosomal Chromosomes.

A clone can be BEST thought of as a(n)  _____ created in the lab. 
A. identical twin
C. science fiction experiment

A chart that traces the inheritance of a trait in a family is called a(n)…

A. Pedigree

B. Karyotype

C. Genome

D. Autosome

GMOs can be

A. plants only

B. animals only

C. plant, animal, and bacteria

D. plant and animal only

How many base pairs (bp) are in the human genome?
A. 1 billion bp
B. 4 billion bp
C. 3 billion bp
D. 3.5 billion bp


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