Medical Quiz

Human Genome and Bioethics Review Quiz


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How many genes does the humane genome have?

A. About 20,000

B. 1,000

C. 46

D. 23 pairs


What is risk of GMOs?
A. Radioactive
B. Food that taste too good
C. throw an ecosystem off balance
D. produce too much food


True or False-There could be possible benefits to GMOs.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


The X and Y chromosomes are called the
A. extra chromosomes.
B. phenotypes.
C. sex chromosomes.
D. All of the answers are correct.


GMOs can be

A. plants only

B. animals only

C. plant, animal, and bacteria

D. plant and animal only


Breeders can increase the _______________________ in a population by introducing mutations, which are the ultimate source of biological diversity

A. Genetic variation

B. Genome

C. Biotechology

D. Mutations


GMO stands for
A. genetically made organism
B. genetically modified organism
C. gene manipulated organism
D. Genetic mutant organism


A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome is known as a(an)
A. autosome.
B. karyotype.
C. pedigree.
D. chromatid.


Organisms that contain genes from a different organism are called – 
A. Transgenic
B. Recombinant
C. Cloned
D. Restricted


The best description of a GMO is _____.

A. Hybrid species.

B. Natural organisms.

C. Artificially manipulated species.

D. Healthiest species.


A chart that traces the inheritance of a trait in a family is called a(n)…

A. Pedigree

B. Karyotype

C. Genome

D. Autosome


An example of a trait that is determined by multiple alleles is…

A. Huntington’s Disease

B. ABO Blood Groups

C. Down Syndrome

D. Hemophilia


What is a genome?
A. The complete haploid amount of genetic material present in a cell or organism
B. A garden ornament
C. The sum of all human material.
D. A totally unique set of genetic material not shared with anything else


What did the first/original Human Genome Project do?
A- Sequenced the entire human genome and found we had 20,000 genes that coded for proteins
B- Allowed doctors to be more aware about diseases
C- Created a new resource for life sciences and world wide conservations
D- All of the above


Which parental pair could produce females with colorblindness (Remember colorblindness is a sex-linked chromosomal disorder)?

A. Homozygous normal-vision mother; Father with colorblindness

B. Mother with colorblindness; Father with normal-vision

C. Heterozygous normal-vision mother; Father with normal-vision

D. Heterozygous normal-vision mother; Father with colorblindness


Which is not a base pair of DNA?

A. Cytosine

B. Thymine

C. Adenine

D. Guanine

E. DNA Ladder


Whether a human will be a male or a female is determined by
A. sex chromosomes in the egg cell.
B. sex chromosomes in the sperm cell.
C. autosomes in the egg cell.
D. autosomes in the sperm cell.


A characteristic that is encoded in DNA.
A. genome
B. sex-linked gene
C. genetic trait
D. down syndrome


What can you conclude from the fact that humans have cloned plants for thousands of years?

A. Most of the crops that exist today are clones

B. Cloning plants is much easier than cloning animals

C. Cloned plants are immune to all diseases and pests

D. Much of today’s modern technology was developed in ancient times


In a pedigree chart, how are characteristics or traits illustrated
A. circles
B. squares
C. shading
D. lines


True or False-GMO’s have been proven to be harmful for humans to consume.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Is the study of the ethical issues emerging from advances in biology and medicine.

A. Bioinformatics

B. Biotechology

C. Bioethics

D. Genetics


Chromosomal disorders, such as Down Syndrome, are caused by __________, or the failure of homologous chromosome separation during meiosis, occurs.

A. Nondisjunction

B. Recessive Alleles

C. Dominant Alleles

D. Codominance


A common genetic disorder characterized by bent and twisted red blood cells is…

A. Cystic Fibrosis

B. Hemophilia

C. Sickle Cell Disease

D. Muscular Dystrophy


A clone can be BEST thought of as a(n)  _____ created in the lab. 
A. identical twin
B. GMO
C. science fiction experiment




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