Medical Quiz

Human Genome and Bioethics Review Quiz


A picture of chromosomes arranged in groups is known as a(n)…

A. Generation

B. Pedigree

C. Karyotype

D. Chromoscopy

Which is not a base pair of DNA?

A. Cytosine

B. Thymine

C. Adenine

D. Guanine

E. DNA Ladder

The best description of a GMO is _____.

A. Hybrid species.

B. Natural organisms.

C. Artificially manipulated species.

D. Healthiest species.

Whether a human will be a male or a female is determined by
A. sex chromosomes in the egg cell.
B. sex chromosomes in the sperm cell.
C. autosomes in the egg cell.
D. autosomes in the sperm cell.

GMO stands for
A. genetically made organism
B. genetically modified organism
C. gene manipulated organism
D. Genetic mutant organism

Breeders can increase the _______________________ in a population by introducing mutations, which are the ultimate source of biological diversity

A. Genetic variation

B. Genome

C. Biotechology

D. Mutations

What can you conclude from the fact that humans have cloned plants for thousands of years?

A. Most of the crops that exist today are clones

B. Cloning plants is much easier than cloning animals

C. Cloned plants are immune to all diseases and pests

D. Much of today’s modern technology was developed in ancient times

Which country does not have GMO’s banned?
A. Japan
B. United States
C. Australia
D. Europe

Is the study of the ethical issues emerging from advances in biology and medicine.

A. Bioinformatics

B. Biotechology

C. Bioethics

D. Genetics

Cystic fibrosis is caused by
A. a small change in the DNA sequence of one gene.
B. nondisjunction during meiosis in the father.
C. crossing over between X and Y chromosomes.
D. the combined effects of several genes.

An example of a trait that is determined by multiple alleles is…

A. Huntington’s Disease

B. ABO Blood Groups

C. Down Syndrome

D. Hemophilia

How many base pairs (bp) are in the human genome?
A. 1 billion bp
B. 4 billion bp
C. 3 billion bp
D. 3.5 billion bp

What is NOT a reason to genetically modify plants? 
A. To make the plants poisonous to insects
B. Make plants drought resistant 
C. To produce fewer plants
D. Improve the nutrition of food grown

Which term refers to a farmer choosing the best corn from this year to plant next year?
A. natural selection
B. selective breeding
C. genetic engineering
D. genetic transformation

What is a genome?
A. The complete haploid amount of genetic material present in a cell or organism
B. A garden ornament
C. The sum of all human material.
D. A totally unique set of genetic material not shared with anything else

A common genetic disorder characterized by bent and twisted red blood cells is…

A. Cystic Fibrosis

B. Hemophilia

C. Sickle Cell Disease

D. Muscular Dystrophy

Clones have the exact same:

A. Personalities

B. Physical appearances

C. Intelligence levels

D. Genetic material

A chart that traces the inheritance of a trait in a family is called a(n)…

A. Pedigree

B. Karyotype

C. Genome

D. Autosome

Which parental pair could produce females with colorblindness (Remember colorblindness is a sex-linked chromosomal disorder)?

A. Homozygous normal-vision mother; Father with colorblindness

B. Mother with colorblindness; Father with normal-vision

C. Heterozygous normal-vision mother; Father with normal-vision

D. Heterozygous normal-vision mother; Father with colorblindness

What did the first/original Human Genome Project do?
A- Sequenced the entire human genome and found we had 20,000 genes that coded for proteins
B- Allowed doctors to be more aware about diseases
C- Created a new resource for life sciences and world wide conservations
D- All of the above

The purpose of selective breeding is to 
A. Get bigger animals
B. get smaller animals
C. create animals with desirable traits
D. create animals with bad traits

True or False-There could be possible benefits to GMOs.



The failure of chromosomes to separate during gamete formation in called
A. nondisjunction
B. alleles
C. point mutation
D. cloning

What is this
A. plasmid
B. recombinant bacterium
C. recombinant DNA
D. sticky ends

A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome is known as a(an)
A. autosome.
B. karyotype.
C. pedigree.
D. chromatid.


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