Medical Quiz

HHB Immunology Quiz


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examples of autoimmune diseases 

A. type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis 

B. phagocytes 

C. autoimmune disease 

D. autoimmune disease 


defence proteins secreted from phagocytes; involved in signalling to other white blood cells to attract them to the site of infection 

A. cytokines 

B. apoptosis 

C. phagocytosis 

D. mast cells 


type of white blood cell with specific cell surface receptors, secretes antibodies into blood and lymph 

A. B lymphocytes 

B. lymphocyte 

C. inflammatory response 

D. clonal population 


any condition where T lymphocytes responds to self-antigens & attacks its own body tissues  

A. autoimmune disease 

B. pathogen 

C. autoimmunity 

D. autoimmunity 


error in immune system when T lymphocytes attack the body’s own cells 

A. autoimmunity 

B. non-specific defences 

C. B lymphocytes 

D. apoptosis 


organelles in phagocytes that contain digestive enzymes to destroy engulfed pathogens 

A. lysosomes 

B. B lymphocytes 

C. non-specific defences 

D. phagocytosis 


molecule (often a protein) on the cell surface that can trigger an immune response in the body 

A. antigen 

B. cytokines 

C. memory cells 

D. lymphocyte 


molecule on the surface of the body’s own cells 

A. self antigen 

B. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 

C. membrane receptor 

D. antigen 


general response to infection including phagocytosis 

A. non-specific defences 

B. allergic reaction 

C. T lymphocytes 

D. pathogen 


events following a second exposure to an antigen 

A. secondary immune response 

B. self antigen 

C. antibody 


response to damage or infection involving vasodilation and increased capillary permeability 

A. inflammatory response 

B. antibody 

C. self antigen 

D. non-specific defences 


molecule on the surface of cells that are foreign to the body 

A. non-self antigen 

B. histamine 

C. mast cells 

D. self antigen 


cluster of antigens bound to antibodies, to be destroyed by phagocytosis 

A. antigen-antibody complex 

B. mast cells 

C. histamine 

D. antibody 


method used by phagocytes to engulf and destroy pathogens 

A. phagocytosis 

B. autoimmunity 

C. pathogen 

D. phagocytes 


type of white blood cell that can destroy infected body cells 

A. T lymphocytes 

B. memory cells 

C. cytokines 

D. allergic reaction 


features of the secondary immune response 

A. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 

B. T lymphocytes 

C. allergic reaction 

D. secondary immune response 


virus that attacks and destroys T lymphocytes 

A. HIV 

B. type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis 

C. AIDS 

D. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 


when the body is infected with the same pathogen for a second time 

A. secondary exposure 

B. secondary exposure 

C. antigen-antibody complex 

D. memory cells 


acquired immune deficiency syndrome which leads to weakened immune system 

A. AIDS 

B. self antigen 

C. Covid

D. HIV 


group of genetically identical lymphocytes produced from one parent cell that bound to an antigen 

A. clonal population 

B. inflammatory response 

C. lymphocyte 

D. membrane receptor 


white blood cell that recognises surface antigens then engulf and destroy them 

A. phagocytes 

B. autoimmune disease 

C. phagocytes 

D. cytokines 


white blood cells involved in the specific immune response 

A. lymphocyte 

B. clonal population 

C. non-self antigen 

D. lysosomes 


programmed cell death brought about by proteins released by T lymphocytes when they detect an infected cell 

A. apoptosis 

B. non-self antigen 

C. clonal population 

D. T lymphocytes 


cells that produce histamine in response to tissue damage 

A. mast cells 

B. antigen-antibody complex 

C. secondary exposure 

D. histamine 


hypersensitive immune response to a normally harmless antigen 

A. allergic reaction 

B. membrane receptor 

C. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 

D. antigen-antibody complex 




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