Medical Quiz

HHB Immunology Quiz


group of genetically identical lymphocytes produced from one parent cell that bound to an antigen 

A. clonal population 

B. inflammatory response 

C. lymphocyte 

D. membrane receptor 

molecule (often a protein) on the cell surface that can trigger an immune response in the body 

A. antigen 

B. cytokines 

C. memory cells 

D. lymphocyte 

examples of autoimmune diseases 

A. type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis 

B. phagocytes 

C. autoimmune disease 

D. autoimmune disease 

programmed cell death brought about by proteins released by T lymphocytes when they detect an infected cell 

A. apoptosis 

B. non-self antigen 

C. clonal population 

D. T lymphocytes 

response to damage or infection involving vasodilation and increased capillary permeability 

A. inflammatory response 

B. antibody 

C. self antigen 

D. non-specific defences 

method used by phagocytes to engulf and destroy pathogens 

A. phagocytosis 

B. autoimmunity 

C. pathogen 

D. phagocytes 

events following a second exposure to an antigen 

A. secondary immune response 

B. self antigen 

C. antibody 

lymphocytes remaining in the body for many years after recovery from an infection 

A. memory cells 

B. phagocytosis 

C. apoptosis 

D. type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis 

type of white blood cell that can destroy infected body cells 

A. T lymphocytes 

B. memory cells 

C. cytokines 

D. allergic reaction 

features of the secondary immune response 

A. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 

B. T lymphocytes 

C. allergic reaction 

D. secondary immune response 

acquired immune deficiency syndrome which leads to weakened immune system 


B. self antigen 

C. Covid


white blood cell that recognises surface antigens then engulf and destroy them 

A. phagocytes 

B. autoimmune disease 

C. phagocytes 

D. cytokines 

cluster of antigens bound to antibodies, to be destroyed by phagocytosis 

A. antigen-antibody complex 

B. mast cells 

C. histamine 

D. antibody 

white blood cells involved in the specific immune response 

A. lymphocyte 

B. clonal population 

C. non-self antigen 

D. lysosomes 

substance released by mast cells that causes the inflammatory response 

A. histamine 

B. antigen 

C. secondary immune response 

D. inflammatory response 

hypersensitive immune response to a normally harmless antigen 

A. allergic reaction 

B. membrane receptor 

C. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 

D. antigen-antibody complex 

specific molecule on the surface of lymphocytes that can bind to antigens 

A. membrane receptor 


C. lysosomes 

D. non-self antigen 

error in immune system when T lymphocytes attack the body’s own cells 

A. autoimmunity 

B. non-specific defences 

C. B lymphocytes 

D. apoptosis 

general response to infection including phagocytosis 

A. non-specific defences 

B. allergic reaction 

C. T lymphocytes 

D. pathogen 

any condition where T lymphocytes responds to self-antigens & attacks its own body tissues  

A. autoimmune disease 

B. pathogen 

C. autoimmunity 

D. autoimmunity 

cells that produce histamine in response to tissue damage 

A. mast cells 

B. antigen-antibody complex 

C. secondary exposure 

D. histamine 

molecule on the surface of cells that are foreign to the body 

A. non-self antigen 

B. histamine 

C. mast cells 

D. self antigen 

organelles in phagocytes that contain digestive enzymes to destroy engulfed pathogens 

A. lysosomes 

B. B lymphocytes 

C. non-specific defences 

D. phagocytosis 

Y-shaped protein, with binding sites specific to one type of antigen 

A. antibody 

B. lysosomes 


D. B lymphocytes 

virus that attacks and destroys T lymphocytes 


B. type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis 


D. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 


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