Medical Quiz

HHB Immunology Quiz


examples of autoimmune diseases 

A. type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis 

B. phagocytes 

C. autoimmune disease 

D. autoimmune disease 

defence proteins secreted from phagocytes; involved in signalling to other white blood cells to attract them to the site of infection 

A. cytokines 

B. apoptosis 

C. phagocytosis 

D. mast cells 

cluster of antigens bound to antibodies, to be destroyed by phagocytosis 

A. antigen-antibody complex 

B. mast cells 

C. histamine 

D. antibody 

organelles in phagocytes that contain digestive enzymes to destroy engulfed pathogens 

A. lysosomes 

B. B lymphocytes 

C. non-specific defences 

D. phagocytosis 

features of the secondary immune response 

A. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 

B. T lymphocytes 

C. allergic reaction 

D. secondary immune response 

method used by phagocytes to engulf and destroy pathogens 

A. phagocytosis 

B. autoimmunity 

C. pathogen 

D. phagocytes 

general response to infection including phagocytosis 

A. non-specific defences 

B. allergic reaction 

C. T lymphocytes 

D. pathogen 

Y-shaped protein, with binding sites specific to one type of antigen 

A. antibody 

B. lysosomes 


D. B lymphocytes 

type of white blood cell with specific cell surface receptors, secretes antibodies into blood and lymph 

A. B lymphocytes 

B. lymphocyte 

C. inflammatory response 

D. clonal population 

specific molecule on the surface of lymphocytes that can bind to antigens 

A. membrane receptor 


C. lysosomes 

D. non-self antigen 

when the body is infected with the same pathogen for a second time 

A. secondary exposure 

B. secondary exposure 

C. antigen-antibody complex 

D. memory cells 

hypersensitive immune response to a normally harmless antigen 

A. allergic reaction 

B. membrane receptor 

C. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 

D. antigen-antibody complex 

white blood cells involved in the specific immune response 

A. lymphocyte 

B. clonal population 

C. non-self antigen 

D. lysosomes 

acquired immune deficiency syndrome which leads to weakened immune system 


B. self antigen 

C. Covid


programmed cell death brought about by proteins released by T lymphocytes when they detect an infected cell 

A. apoptosis 

B. non-self antigen 

C. clonal population 

D. T lymphocytes 

molecule (often a protein) on the cell surface that can trigger an immune response in the body 

A. antigen 

B. cytokines 

C. memory cells 

D. lymphocyte 

cells that produce histamine in response to tissue damage 

A. mast cells 

B. antigen-antibody complex 

C. secondary exposure 

D. histamine 

substance released by mast cells that causes the inflammatory response 

A. histamine 

B. antigen 

C. secondary immune response 

D. inflammatory response 

molecule on the surface of the body’s own cells 

A. self antigen 

B. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 

C. membrane receptor 

D. antigen 

lymphocytes remaining in the body for many years after recovery from an infection 

A. memory cells 

B. phagocytosis 

C. apoptosis 

D. type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis 

virus that attacks and destroys T lymphocytes 


B. type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis 


D. faster production and higher concentration of antibodies 

error in immune system when T lymphocytes attack the body’s own cells 

A. autoimmunity 

B. non-specific defences 

C. B lymphocytes 

D. apoptosis 

any condition where T lymphocytes responds to self-antigens & attacks its own body tissues  

A. autoimmune disease 

B. pathogen 

C. autoimmunity 

D. autoimmunity 

response to damage or infection involving vasodilation and increased capillary permeability 

A. inflammatory response 

B. antibody 

C. self antigen 

D. non-specific defences 

type of white blood cell that can destroy infected body cells 

A. T lymphocytes 

B. memory cells 

C. cytokines 

D. allergic reaction 


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