Medical Quiz

Glucose in the Body Quiz


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Skeletal muscles collectively store about ___% of the body’s glycogen stores.

A. 25

B. 45

C. 75

D. 100


The process of converting protein into glucose in times of low carbohydrate intake

A. glycolysis

B. glycogenolysis

C. gluconeogenesis

D. glucagon

E. ketosis


Monosaccharide that is found in blood

A. Maltose

B. Fructose

C. Sucrose

D. Glucose

E. Starch


A person has not eaten for 12 hours. Which hormone is likely being produced consistently during this time?

A. insulin

B. glucagon

C. both insulin and glucagon

D. neither insulin nor glucagon


Which hormone is produced when the blood glucose concentration is below normal?

A. insulin

B. glucagon

C. both insulin and glucagon

D. neither insulin nor glucagon


Ketosis can be dangerous because it upsets the body’s

A. kcal requirements

B. acid-base balance

C. fasting blood glucose levels

D. peristalsis


Which hormone activates its function at the pancreas?

A. insulin

B. glucagon

C. both insulin and glucagon

D. neither insulin nor glucagon


Which hormone is transported by the bloodstream?

A. insulin

B. glucagon

C. both insulin and glucagon

D. neither insulin nor glucagon


Diabetes is defined best as…

A. A metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar

B. A metabolic disease characterized by low blood sugar

C. A family of blood infections

D. None of the above


Which hormone signals for the conversion of glucose to glycogen?

A. insulin

B. glucagon

C. both insulin and glucagon

D. neither insulin nor glucagon


Which condition reflects inadequate production of insulin?

A. type 1 diabetes

B. type 2 diabetes

C. type 3 diabetes

D. hypoglycemia


A person ate a meal rich of carbohydrates. Which hormone is likely produced after the food is digested and absorbed?

A. insulin

B. glucagon

C. both insulin and glucagon

D. neither insulin nor glucagon


T/F: Most people who have type 2 diabetes are overweight

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which condition reflects insensitivity of cells to insulin?

A. type 1 diabetes

B. type 2 diabetes

C. type 3 diabetes

D. hypoglycemia


The primary storage sites of glycogen in the human body are

A. Liver and heart

B. Brain and skeletal muscle

C. Liver and brain

D. Liver and skeletal muscle


T/F: People can prevent type 1 diabetes

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which hormone signals the liver to convert glycogen to glucose?

A. insulin

B. glucagon

C. both insulin and glucagon

D. neither insulin nor glucagon


Which hormone is produced when the blood glucose concentration is above normal?

A. insulin

B. glucagon

C. both insulin and glucagon

D. neither insulin nor glucagon


Hormone that causes blood sugar to be lowered

A. Glucagon

B. Glycogen

C. Insulin

D. Glucose


Which hormone increases cell membrane permeability to glucose?

A. insulin

B. glucagon

C. both insulin and glucagon

D. neither insulin nor glucagon


Hormone that causes blood sugar to be raised

A. Glucagon

B. Glycogen

C. Insulin

D. Glucose


Proteins are often needed for purposes other than providing energy. Carbohydrates in the diet support these purposes through

A. protein condensation action

B. protein-hydrolytic action

C. protein-using action

D. protein-sparing action


T/F: People can prevent type 2 diabetes

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which hormone is produced by the liver?

A. insulin

B. glucagon

C. both insulin and glucagon

D. neither insulin nor glucagon


Gland that secretes hormones that regulate blood glucose

A. Liver

B. Adrenals

C. Pancreas

D. Thyroid




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