Medical Quiz

Food and Nutrition Quiz


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You have a balanced diet when:

A. the mass of all the food you eat in a day adds up to 100 kg

B. the mass of all the food you eat one day is equal to the mass you eat the next day

C. you eat foods containing the right amounts of all the different nutrients

D. you only eat fish on Fridays


The percentage of water in the human body is

A. 65

B. 70

C. 40

D. 80


Our bodies need food as a fuel for:

A. nutrition

B. respiration

C. excretion

D. combustion


Digested food mainly passes into the blood by the process of:

A. diffusion

B. diffraction

C. digestion

D. dilution


The main chemical substances used to digest foods are:

A. vitamins

B. bacteria

C. digestifs

D. enzymes


Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of

A. Protein

B. Carbohydrates

C. Fats

D. Vitamins


Night blindness is caused by the deficiency of

A. Vitamin C

B. Vitamin D

C. Vitamin B1

D. Vitamin A


Foods like pizza, burger and noodles are rich in

A. Carbohydrates

B. Fats

C. Proteins

D. Minerals


The component of food which help our body fight against infections is

A. Vitamin C

B. Vitamin A

C. Vitamin D

D. Vitamin E


Carbohydrates food are mainly from the food group

A. Fats and oils

B. Vegetables

C. Staples

D. Legumes


Excessive body weight due overnutrition leads to

A. Rickets

B. Maramus

C. Obesity

D. Cancer


In digestion:

A. soluble food substances are made into insoluble ones so that they can be taken in by the small intestine

B. insoluble food substances are broken up into soluble ones so that they can be taken in by the small intestine

C. soluble food substances are made into insoluble ones so that they can be stored inside the body until needed

D. insoluble food substances are broken up into soluble ones so that they can form waste


What does the organ labelled X do?

A. It mixes up food with acid and breaks down proteins

B. It adds vitamins to the food

C. It takes the water out of the food

D. It stores waste food until it can be got rid of


The disease caused by the deficiency of iron is

A. Anaemia

B. Desentry

C. Chicken pox

D. Malaria


Water is important for your body because:

A. it is a source of fibre

B. it is a source of energy

C. it can be a solid, a liquid or a gas

D. it can dissolve substances


The disease caused by the deficiency of iodine is

A. Anaemia

B. Goitre

C. Chicken pox

D. Swine flu


Good sources of protein are:

A. meat, fish and nuts

B. fruits and vegetables

C. pasta, potatoes and rice

D. fruit juices


Which organ is labelled X in the drawing?

A. small intestine

B. stomach

C. liver

D. mouth


Which label shows the place where digested food passes into the blood?

A. A

B. B

C. C

D. D


How many litres of water everyday our body needs

A. 2 to 3

B. 7 to 8

C. 10 to 15

D. 1 to 2


Which of these people will need to eat food containing the most energy in a day?

A. a 3-year-old child

B. an 85-year-old woman

C. a 35-year-old man who works outside cutting down trees

D. a 25-year-old woman who works in an office using a word processor


The drawing shows a girl suffering from a deficiency disease. This disease is called:

A. rickets

B. arthritis

C. scurvy

D. measles


Which of these problems cannot be caused by eating too much sugar?

A. malnutrition

B. obesity

C. tooth decay

D. starvation


All of these are examples of nutrients except

A. Carbohydrates

B. Protein

C. Legumes

D. Vitamins


All of these are rich sources of carbohydrates except

A. Green banana

B. Corn

C. Carrot

D. Yam




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