Medical Quiz

Excretory System Quiz


Normal pH range of urine lies between

A. 2-6

B. 4-8

C. 6-10

D. 8-12

Using the picture, what is the function of structure C?
A.     Carries urine away from the kidneys
B.     Stores urine
C.     Eliminates urea, excess water, and some other materials
D.     Carries urine away from body and eliminates it

Under normal conditions, which of the following substances is found in urine?
A.     blood cells
B.     urea
C.     glucose
D.     protein

In a healthy person, the main job of the kidney is to produce urine that contains

A. indigestible foods and bacteria.

B. glucose and amino acids.

C. toxic waste products of metabolism.

D. water and plasma proteins.

Under normal conditions, which of the following substances is found in urine?
A. blood cells
B. protein
C. glucose
D. urea

These organs are responsible for ………………………..
A.     storing urine
B.     storing water
C.     filtering blood
D.     they don’t have a particular job

Kidneys create a liquid called:

A. Urine

B. Blood

C. Faeces

D. Carbon Dioxide

In which excretory organ is urea produced?
A. skin
B. liver
C. kidneys
D. lungs

Which excretory organ eliminates water and some chemical wastes in perspiration?
A. lungs
B. skin
C. liver
D. kidneys

Renal artery and vein enter in the kidney through a point called as……

A. Calyses

B. pelvis

C. Hilus

D. ureter

Under normal conditions, which of the following substances is found in urine?

A. blood cells

B. protein

C. glucose

D. urea

One major function of the excretory system is to clean the ……………

A. urine

B. blood

C. kidneys

D. bladder

What are the goals of hemodialysis?

A. Removal of waste products

B. Regulation of fluid balance

C. Correction of electrolyte and acid/base balance

D. All of the above

What are the filtering units of the kidneys?

A. nephrons

B. ureters

C. nuerons

D. alveloi

What is the main function of the excretory system?

A. to collect and remove wastes from the body

B. to strengthen skeletal muscles

C. to protect the nervous system

D. to bring oxygen to body cells

After someone has a kidney transplant, they never need dialysis again



The excretory system rids the body of this
A.     solid waste
B.     liquid waste
C.     solid and liquid waste
D.     carbon dioxide

Most of the nephron’s cells contain a large amount of mitochondria, especially the proximal tubule, ascending loop of Henle and distal tubule. The reason is that these cells perform which of the following functions?

A. filtration

B. diffusion

C. osmosis

D. active transport

The excretory system rids the body of ______ waste.
A. solid
B. liquid

The outer layer of the kidney
A.     renal pelvis
B.     renal medulla
C.     renal cortex
D.     renal pyramid

Tiny filtering structures where urine is produced in the kidneys are called
A.     ureters
B.     alveoli
C.     nephron
D.     bronchi

Efferent arteriole has diameter ………. than/ to afferent arteriole.

A. Larger

B. smaller

C. equal

Where is the excretory system located?

A. Near your esophagus

B. In your stomach

C. Near the spine/The middle of the back

D. All over your body

Which organ of the excretory system stores urine until the body is ready to eliminate it?
A. ureters
B. urethra
C. urinary bladder
D. urea

The process of removal of the body’s wastes is called
A. gas exchange.
B. respiration.
C. excretion.
D. filtration.


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