Medical Quiz

Excretory System Quiz


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Normal pH range of urine lies between

A. 2-6

B. 4-8

C. 6-10

D. 8-12


Using the picture, what is the function of structure C?
A.     Carries urine away from the kidneys
B.     Stores urine
C.     Eliminates urea, excess water, and some other materials
D.     Carries urine away from body and eliminates it


Under normal conditions, which of the following substances is found in urine?
   
A.     blood cells
   
B.     urea
   
C.     glucose
   
D.     protein


In a healthy person, the main job of the kidney is to produce urine that contains

A. indigestible foods and bacteria.

B. glucose and amino acids.

C. toxic waste products of metabolism.

D. water and plasma proteins.


Under normal conditions, which of the following substances is found in urine?
A. blood cells
B. protein
C. glucose
D. urea


These organs are responsible for ………………………..
   
A.     storing urine
   
B.     storing water
   
C.     filtering blood
   
D.     they don’t have a particular job


Kidneys create a liquid called:

A. Urine

B. Blood

C. Faeces

D. Carbon Dioxide


In which excretory organ is urea produced?
A. skin
B. liver
C. kidneys
D. lungs


Which excretory organ eliminates water and some chemical wastes in perspiration?
A. lungs
B. skin
C. liver
D. kidneys


Renal artery and vein enter in the kidney through a point called as……

A. Calyses

B. pelvis

C. Hilus

D. ureter


Under normal conditions, which of the following substances is found in urine?

A. blood cells

B. protein

C. glucose

D. urea


One major function of the excretory system is to clean the ……………

A. urine

B. blood

C. kidneys

D. bladder


What are the goals of hemodialysis?

A. Removal of waste products

B. Regulation of fluid balance

C. Correction of electrolyte and acid/base balance

D. All of the above


What are the filtering units of the kidneys?

A. nephrons

B. ureters

C. nuerons

D. alveloi


What is the main function of the excretory system?

A. to collect and remove wastes from the body

B. to strengthen skeletal muscles

C. to protect the nervous system

D. to bring oxygen to body cells


After someone has a kidney transplant, they never need dialysis again

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


The excretory system rids the body of this
   
A.     solid waste
   
B.     liquid waste
   
C.     solid and liquid waste
   
D.     carbon dioxide


Most of the nephron’s cells contain a large amount of mitochondria, especially the proximal tubule, ascending loop of Henle and distal tubule. The reason is that these cells perform which of the following functions?

A. filtration

B. diffusion

C. osmosis

D. active transport


The excretory system rids the body of ______ waste.
A. solid
B. liquid


The outer layer of the kidney
   
A.     renal pelvis
   
B.     renal medulla
   
C.     renal cortex
   
D.     renal pyramid


Tiny filtering structures where urine is produced in the kidneys are called
   
A.     ureters
   
B.     alveoli
   
C.     nephron
   
D.     bronchi


Efferent arteriole has diameter ………. than/ to afferent arteriole.

A. Larger

B. smaller

C. equal


Where is the excretory system located?

A. Near your esophagus

B. In your stomach

C. Near the spine/The middle of the back

D. All over your body


Which organ of the excretory system stores urine until the body is ready to eliminate it?
A. ureters
B. urethra
C. urinary bladder
D. urea


The process of removal of the body’s wastes is called
A. gas exchange.
B. respiration.
C. excretion.
D. filtration.




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