Medical Quiz

Endocrine System Quiz


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The innermost layer and has the branching cords.

A. Zona Glomerulosa

B. Zona Fasciculata

C. Zona Reticularis


Means within

A. Endo-

B. Epi-

C. Hypo-


is a small, cone-shaped gland that is located in the brain posterior to the thalamus and superior to the cerebellum.

A. Pineal Gland

B. Thyroid Gland

C. Thymus

D. Pancreas


A word that describes the normal, balanced, steady way your body works:

A. Hormones

B. Glands

C. Homeostasis

D. Melatonin


Has two lobes with a connecting isthmus and lies on both sides of the trachea near the thyroid cartilage (Adam’s apple) of the larynx.

A. Thyroid Gland

B. Pituitary Gland

C. Pineal Gland

D. Adrenal Gland


Non-polar, and include steroid hormones, thyroid hormones, and fatty acid derivative hormones, such as eicosanoids.

A. Lipid-Soluble-Hormones

B. Water-Soluble-Hormones


Was called the master gland; also called hypophysis and is composed of the anterior pituitary and the posterior pituitary.

A. Hypothalamus

B. Pituitary Gland

C. Thyroid Gland

D. Pancreas


Why is the pituitary gland considered the main gland of the endocrine system?

A. It sends nerve impulses to other endocrine glands to control their secretion of hormones

B. It secretes hormones that control the secretion of other endocrine glands

C. It has the largest size

D. It is located below the hypothalamus


This gland helps fight disease:

A. Pituitary

B. Thymus

C. Hypothalamus

D. Pineal


The stalk that connects the hypothalamus to the pituitary gland and contains a direct blood supply to the pituitary.

A. Infundibulum

B. Duodenum

C. Follicle Cells

D. Parafollicular Cells


Function of adrenal glands:

A. produces hormones that control BSL (blood sugar level)

B. control female characteristics and menstrual cycle

C. control male characteristics and sperm production

D. help prepare the body for stress


Which of the following describes the similarity between the nervous system and the endocrine system?

A. The signal is in the form of electrical impulses

B. The response is slow and prolonged

C. Contains target tissues or target organs

D. Consists of ductless glands


Where is the thyroid gland?

A. Below Adam’s apple in neck

B. Scrotum

C. Brain

D. Chest


Following action potentials, neurons release a neurotransmitter into the synapse with the cells that produce the hormone.

A. Humoral Stimuli

B. Neural Stimuli

C. Hormonal Stimuli


It is glandular and can be divided histologically into three layers, each layer secreting a different hormone.

A. Adrenal Cortex

B. Adrenal Medulla

C. Androgens


Beta cells secrete what?

A. Glucagon

B. Insulin


Adrenal glands are located on top of…

A. Pancreas

B. Pituitary

C. Kidney

D. Liver


Excessive secretion of insulin can cause the blood glucose level to be too low. This health issue is known as

A. Diabetes mellitus

B. Diabetes insipidus

C. Hypothyroidism

D. Hypoglycaemia


An organ that produces secretions called hormones is known as a :

A. chemical

B. gland

C. hormone

D. duct


ou hit a growth spurt and find that you’ve grown three inches over the summer! What gland is involved in this scenario?

A. Pituitary

B. Pancreas

C. Thymus


A diabetes mellitus patient has a high blood sugar level. A possible reason of diabetes mellitus 糖尿病 is

A. Insufficient secretion of insulin

B. Insufficient secretion of glucagon

C. Excessive secretion of insulin

D. Excessive secretion of glucagon


Which of the following is NOT a function of LH 黄体生成素 against the ovary 卵巢?

A. Stimulate ovulation

B. Stimulate the development of corpus luteum 黄体

C. Stimulate the secretion of oestrogen 雌激素 and progesterone 黄体酮

D. Stimulate the secretion of testosterone 睾酮


Made up of nervous tissue that is stimulated by the sympathetic nervous system to secrete two hormones: Epinephrine and Norepinephrine (NE).

A. Adrenal Cortex

B. Adrenal Medulla

C. Androgens


Which hormone increases the level of sugar in the blood, the rate of metabolism and the respiratory rate at the same time?

A. Thyroxine 甲状腺素

B. Insulin 胰岛素

C. Glucagon 胰高血糖素

D. Adrenaline 肾上腺素


Cells that have receptors for a particular hormone.

A. gland cells

B. neurons

C. hormones

D. target cells




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