Medical Quiz

Endocrine System Quiz


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The formation of placenta 胎盘 is stimulated by

A. Testosterone 睾酮

B. Oestrogen 雌激素

C. Progesterone 孕酮

D. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) 促卵泡激素


Which hormone is produced in the testes

A. Insulin

B. Adrenalin

C. Testosterone

D. Thyroxine


Also called Adenohypophysis

A. Anterior Pituitary

B. Posterior Pituitary


Which of the following is NOT secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland? 脑垂体前叶

A. LH 黄体生成素

B. GH 生长激素

C. TSH 促甲状腺激素

D. Thyroxine 甲状腺激素


The adrenal glands release adrenaline to help the body regulate _________________.

A. diseases

B. stress.

C. hormones.

D. body temperature.


Are hormones that increase male characteristics.

A. Adrenal Cortex

B. Adrenal Medulla

C. Androgens


Renal means?

A. Kidneys

B. Liver

C. Brain

D. Muscle


Where is the thyroid gland?

A. Below Adam’s apple in neck

B. Scrotum

C. Brain

D. Chest


Embedded in the posterior surface of the thyroid gland are typically four small and round.

A. Parathyroid Glands

B. Thyroid Gland


Are female gonads that not only produce and house the ova as they mature but are also endocrine organs that produce two major hormones: Estrogen and Prgesterone

A. Testes

B. Ovaries

C. Thymus

D. Thymosin


A. Reduce or increase blood sugar levels

B. Increase blood calcium levels

C. Increase blood pressure

D. Decrease rate of metabolism


a.The hormones effect may be _________and_________.
b.Nervous system effect is ______________and__________

A. a. permanent and reversible
b. temporary and irreversible

B. a. temporary and reversible
b. permanent and irreversible

C. a. permanent and irreversible
b. temporary and reversible

D. a. temporary and irreversible
b. permanent and reversible


Growth hormone (GH) 生长激素 acts directly on the bone and soft tissues. The function of GH does NOT include

A. Stimulate growth

B. Stimulate protein synthesis

C. Stimulate fat metabolism

D. Stimulates the development of secondary sexual characteristics 第二性征


Function of pituitary gland:

A. produces the highest number of different hormones

B. senses the hormone levels in the blood

C. increase bone calcium levels

D. decrease blood calcium


Why is the pituitary gland considered the main gland of the endocrine system?

A. It sends nerve impulses to other endocrine glands to control their secretion of hormones

B. It secretes hormones that control the secretion of other endocrine glands

C. It has the largest size

D. It is located below the hypothalamus


Insulin and glucagon;

A. Are secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans

B. Elevate blood glucose

C. Are secreted in response to declining plasma levels of glucose

D. Are secreted by the pancreas and are concerned with the regulation of blood glucose


Most common example by hormonal stimuli from the anterior pituitary gland.

A. Tropic Hormones

B. Receptors

C. Receptor Site

D. Specificity


Also called C cells; located between the follicles which synthesize and secrete calcitonin.

A. Follicular Cells

B. Parafollicular Cells


Hormones exert their actions by binding to proteins.

A. Tropic Hormones

B. Receptors

C. Receptor Site

D. Specificity


Was called the master gland; also called hypophysis and is composed of the anterior pituitary and the posterior pituitary.

A. Hypothalamus

B. Pituitary Gland

C. Thyroid Gland

D. Pancreas


Non-polar, and include steroid hormones, thyroid hormones, and fatty acid derivative hormones, such as eicosanoids.

A. Lipid-Soluble-Hormones

B. Water-Soluble-Hormones


What is the main function of the endocrine system?

A. It creates electrical messages that are sent around the body to maintain homeostasis.

B. It maintains the correct level of oxygen in the body to maintain homeostasis.

C. It releases waste from the body to maintain homeostasis.

D. It creates chemicals, or hormones, that are sent around the body to maintain homeostasis.


Produced by neurons; secreted into a synaptic cleft by presynaptic nerve terminals; travels short distances; influences postsynaptic cells.

A. Autocrine

B. Paracrine

C. Neurotransmitter

D. Endocrine


Thyroid gland –

A. increase bone calcium levels

B. produces a hormone (melatonin) that helps you go to sleep

C. decreases bone calcium levels

D. produces a hormone that stimulates the immune response in children


A word that describes the normal, balanced, steady way your body works:

A. Hormones

B. Glands

C. Homeostasis

D. Melatonin




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