Medical Quiz

Endocrine System Quiz


Means within

A. Endo-

B. Epi-

C. Hypo-

The innermost layer and has the branching cords.

A. Zona Glomerulosa

B. Zona Fasciculata

C. Zona Reticularis

a. Endocrine system communication is by chemicals called________.
b. Nervous system communication is by__________

A. a.glands

B. a.liver
b.electrical signal

C. a.Hormones

b.nerve impulses

Islets of Langerhans, are located as little islands among the clusters of acini cells.

A. Pancreatic Islets

B. Hundred Islands

C. Pineal Islets

NOT a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary

A. Human Growth Hormone (hGH)

B. Prolactin (PRL)

C. Oxytocin (OT)

D. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)

It has many glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream. These chemicals are transported throughout the body in blood and bind to target cells that have cell membrane receptors for a specific hormone.

A. Skeletal System

B. Muscular System

C. Endocrine System

D. Reproductive System

What is the function of hypothalamus?

A. the master gland

B. controls all other endocrine glands

C. senses the hormone levels in the blood

D. helps you go to sleep

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of hormones?

A. Transported in blood flow

B. Produces slow and prolonged response

C. The duration of effect is short

D. Only affect specific target cells

Embedded in the posterior surface of the thyroid gland are typically four small and round.

A. Parathyroid Glands

B. Thyroid Gland

It causes changes in activity in these target cells and directs a variety of cellular activities to keep the body in homeostasis.

A. Hormones

B. Pituitary Gland

C. Hypothalamus

D. Thalamus

Which term refers to the body’s use of energy for energy and growth?

A. Metabolism

B. Excretion

C. Digestion

D. Respiration

A. Reduce or increase blood sugar levels

B. Increase blood calcium levels

C. Increase blood pressure

D. Decrease rate of metabolism

Which hormone is produced in the testes

A. Insulin

B. Adrenalin

C. Testosterone

D. Thyroxine

The formation of placenta 胎盘 is stimulated by

A. Testosterone 睾酮

B. Oestrogen 雌激素

C. Progesterone 孕酮

D. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) 促卵泡激素

Function of pituitary gland:

A. produces the highest number of different hormones

B. senses the hormone levels in the blood

C. increase bone calcium levels

D. decrease blood calcium

Not a type of stimuli hormone release

A. Humoral Stimuli

B. Neural Stimuli

C. Hormonal Stimuli

D. Humoural Stimuli

The adrenal glands release adrenaline to help the body regulate _________________.

A. diseases

B. stress.

C. hormones.

D. body temperature.

Composed of a head, body, and tail. Have both endocrine and exocrine functions.

A. Pancreas

B. Pangreas

C. Pancake

D. Pancrease

Where is the thyroid gland?

A. Below Adam’s apple in neck

B. Scrotum

C. Brain

D. Chest

It is glandular and can be divided histologically into three layers, each layer secreting a different hormone.

A. Adrenal Cortex

B. Adrenal Medulla

C. Androgens

Non-polar, and include steroid hormones, thyroid hormones, and fatty acid derivative hormones, such as eicosanoids.

A. Lipid-Soluble-Hormones

B. Water-Soluble-Hormones

In a “fight or flight” situation, the hypothalamus transmits nerve impulses directly to the _____________ to secrete ___________

A. Adrenal medulla 肾上腺髓质, adrenaline and noradrenaline

B. Adrenal medulla 肾上腺髓质, adrenaline only

C. Adrenal cortex 肾上腺皮质, noradrenaline only

D. Adrenal cortex 肾上腺皮质, adrenaline and noradrenaline

Are male gonads that not only produce sperm but also produce and secrete androgens, primarily testosterone.

A. Testes

B. Ovaries

C. Thymus

D. Thymosin

Which of the following is NOT a function of LH 黄体生成素 against the ovary 卵巢?

A. Stimulate ovulation

B. Stimulate the development of corpus luteum 黄体

C. Stimulate the secretion of oestrogen 雌激素 and progesterone 黄体酮

D. Stimulate the secretion of testosterone 睾酮

Most common example by hormonal stimuli from the anterior pituitary gland.

A. Tropic Hormones

B. Receptors

C. Receptor Site

D. Specificity


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