Medical Quiz

Endocrine System Quiz


This part of the brain that links the nervous system and the endocrine system.

A. Pancreas

B. Hypothalamus

C. Pituitary gland

D. Pineal gland

Present in the fetus but atrophies during fetal development.

A. Intermediate Lobe

B. Ear Lobe

C. Follicle Lobe

D. Fetal Lobe

Was called the master gland; also called hypophysis and is composed of the anterior pituitary and the posterior pituitary.

A. Hypothalamus

B. Pituitary Gland

C. Thyroid Gland

D. Pancreas

Which hormone reduces blood glucose level and promotes the conversion of excess glucose to glycogen 糖原?

A. Thyroxine

B. Insulin

C. Glucagon

D. Adrenaline

A. Reduce or increase blood sugar levels

B. Increase blood calcium levels

C. Increase blood pressure

D. Decrease rate of metabolism

Where is the thyroid gland?

A. Below Adam’s apple in neck

B. Scrotum

C. Brain

D. Chest

Which type of anterior pituitary cell secretes human growth hormone?

A. Corticotrophs

B. Lactotrophs

C. Somatotrophs

D. Thyrotrophs

It has many glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream. These chemicals are transported throughout the body in blood and bind to target cells that have cell membrane receptors for a specific hormone.

A. Skeletal System

B. Muscular System

C. Endocrine System

D. Reproductive System

Which of the following is NOT secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland? 脑垂体前叶

A. LH 黄体生成素

B. GH 生长激素

C. TSH 促甲状腺激素

D. Thyroxine 甲状腺激素

The image shows a patient who suffers from goitre. The ______________ of the patient swells 肿. The patient is encouraged to eat seafood because seafood contains a huge quantity of _________ which is required in the formation of ___________.

A. Pituitary gland, vitamin K, growth hormone

B. Pituitary gland, potassium, oxytocin

C. Thyroid gland, iodine, thyroxine

D. Thyroid gland, sodium, adrenaline

Besides Growth Hormone (GH) secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, which hormone also affects the growth and development of an organism?

A. Insulin 胰岛素

B. Adrenaline 肾上腺素

C. Thyroxine 甲状腺素

D. Aldosterone 醛固酮

Are also known as the suprarenal glands because of their location on the superior part of the kidneys.

A. Adrenal Glands

B. Thyroid Glands

C. Hypothalamus

D. Pineal Glands

Growth hormone (GH) 生长激素 acts directly on the bone and soft tissues. The function of GH does NOT include

A. Stimulate growth

B. Stimulate protein synthesis

C. Stimulate fat metabolism

D. Stimulates the development of secondary sexual characteristics 第二性征

Hormones exert their actions by binding to proteins.

A. Tropic Hormones

B. Receptors

C. Receptor Site

D. Specificity

Produces parathyroid hormone (PTH) and are more numerous and smaller than oxyphil cells.

A. Principal Cells

B. Dean Cells

C. Teacher Cells

Located inferior to the thalamus in the brain; an important component of both the nervous and endocrine systems and couples these two regulatory systems together.

A. Hypothalamus

B. Pituitary Gland

C. Thymus

D. Pineal Gland

The middle layer, has long cords and is the largest layer. Secreted glucocorticoids, with cortisol being the main hormones secreted.

A. Zona Glomerulosa

B. Zona Fasciculata

C. Zona Reticularis

Blood-borne chemicals can directly stimulate the release of some hormones.

A. Humoral Stimuli

B. Neural Stimuli

C. Hormonal Stimuli

Progesterone 孕酮 is secreted by

A. Testis 睾丸

B. Pancreas 胰腺

C. Ovary 卵巢

D. The anterior lobe of the pituitary gland 脑垂体前叶

Alpha cells secrete what?

A. Glucagon

B. Insulin

Excessive secretion of insulin can cause the blood glucose level to be too low. This health issue is known as

A. Diabetes mellitus

B. Diabetes insipidus

C. Hypothyroidism

D. Hypoglycaemia

The responses of the body to long term stress does NOT include which one of the following responses.

A. Glycogenolysis

B. Increased heart rate

C. Gluconeogenesis

D. Lipolysis

Following action potentials, neurons release a neurotransmitter into the synapse with the cells that produce the hormone.

A. Humoral Stimuli

B. Neural Stimuli

C. Hormonal Stimuli

Occurs when a hormone is secreted that, in turn, stimulates the secretion of other hormones.

A. Humoral Stimuli

B. Neural Stimuli

C. Hormonal Stimuli

Made up of nervous tissue that is stimulated by the sympathetic nervous system to secrete two hormones: Epinephrine and Norepinephrine (NE).

A. Adrenal Cortex

B. Adrenal Medulla

C. Androgens


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