Medical Quiz

EMR - Trauma Quiz


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Three basic causes for musculoskeletal injuries.

A. Snapping, Bruising and Swelling

B. Screen time, Napping, Overeating

C. Direct force, Indirect force, Twisting force

D. Jumping, Running, Landing


The leading cause of death for people 44 and younger is…

A. Stroke

B. Cardiac problems

C. Traumatic injuries

D. Diabetes


What is the percentage surface area of an adults trunk?

A. 4.50%

B. 9%

C. 18%

D. 36%


Contusion is also called:

A. Hematoma

B. Epistaxis

C. Coagulation

D. Bruise


Open fractures

A. Fracture that leaves the skin unbroken.

B. The gradual weakening of bones.

C. A break or disruption in bone tissue.

D. Fracture that leaves the skin broken.


When performing the first aid on a person with suspected ______________ injury, avoid bending, flexing or twisting the person’s head or neck.

A. upper limb

B. lower limb

C. pelvis

D. spine


What is the percentage surface area of a child’s head?

A. 4.50%

B. 9%

C. 18%

D. 36%


Which is the correct technique to react for nosebleeds injury?

A. A

B. B

C. A and B are correct

D. A and B are incorrect


Epidermis is the:

A. tough, external layer.

B. inner layer.


In an explosion, people are injured by flying debris; what type of injuries have they sustained?

A. Primary blast injuries

B. Secondary blast injuries

C. Tertiary blast injuries

D. Miscellaneous blast injuries


The strong, white, fibrous membrane that covers bones and through which blood vessels and nerves pass is called the:

A. calcium 

B. protein

C. periosteum

D. cartilage


Ligaments are very high tensile strength, inelastic and flexible

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


The splints that are most commonly used to immobilize joint injuries in the position found are:

A. rigid splint

B. vacuum splint

C. formable splint

D. traction splint


The “Platinum 10” refers to:

A. the amount of time it should take to get to the hospital

B. the amount of time it should take to perform an assessment

C. the amount of time we should spend on-scene

D. the amount of time it should take us to get to the scene


Your awareness and concern for potentially serious underlying and unseen injuries.

A. Mechanism of injury

B. Nature of illness

C. Differential Diagnosis

D. Index of suspicion


Blood leaves the lungs via the Pulmonary ________ and enters the Left __________.

A. Artery, Atrium

B. Artery, Ventricle

C. Vein, Atrium

D. Vein, Ventricle


Muscle injuries resulting from overstretching or overexertion of the muscle are called:

A. sprains

B. strains

C. dislocations

D. sublocations


The splint best suited for easing pain of muscle spasm associated with fractures of the femur is a(n):

A. air-inflatable splint

B. traction splint

C. vacuum splint

D. PASG


According to the Rule of Nines, an adult leg is worth:

A. 18

B. 9

C. 4.5

D. 1


Cartilage is a ___________.

A. Smooth, elastic surface between bones

B. Smooth, elastic surface on bones

C. Hard, inelastic surface between bones

D. Hard, inelastic surface on bones


The result of force to the body that causes injury without penetrating the soft tissues.

A. Blunt trauma

B. Penetrating Trauma


Any chemical exposure to the eye should be flushed with a large amounts of __________ and you should call emergency number (911) immediately or send the victim to the hospital.

A. air

B. water

C. milk

D. green tea


A 35-year-old male suffers a burn injury to his right upper extremity, with areas appearing pale and mottled, non-blanching, though still sensate. What is the type of burn injury described?

A. Superficial burn

B. Superficial partial thickness burn

C. Deep partial thickness burn

D. Full thickness burn

E. Full thickness burn involving fascia/muscle/bone


Muscle

A. Tissue that contracts and relaxes to create movement.

B. Tissue which allows the body to cool after a workout.

C. Fibrous band that holds bones together at a joint.

D. Fibrous band that regulates atrophy.


The major short bones of the body are found in the:

A. neck

B. shoulder blade

C. hands and feet

D. ribs




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