Medical Quiz

EMR - Trauma Quiz


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Vomited blood:

A. Melena

B. Hematemesis

C. Hemoptysis

D. Epistaxis


The best way to give first aid to a person with head injury is by _____________________ and observe the victim closely.

A. giving 5 times back flow

B. compressing chest 30 times

C. giving 2 breathing rescue

D. stabilizing the head and neck


Three basic causes for musculoskeletal injuries.

A. Snapping, Bruising and Swelling

B. Screen time, Napping, Overeating

C. Direct force, Indirect force, Twisting force

D. Jumping, Running, Landing


After taking Standard Precautions, exposing the area, and controlling any external bleeding, the next step in immobilizing a long-bone fracture is:

A. assessing distall PMS

B. applying manual traction

C. measuring the splint

D. applying the splint


All the following are part of the musculoskeletal system except:

A. bones

B. joints

C. cartilage

D. skin


Tissues or fibers that cause movement of the body parts or organs are called:

A. periosteum

B. muscles

C. cartilage

D. tendons


The splint best suited for easing pain of muscle spasm associated with fractures of the femur is a(n):

A. air-inflatable splint

B. traction splint

C. vacuum splint

D. PASG


When performing the first aid on a person with suspected ______________ injury, avoid bending, flexing or twisting the person’s head or neck.

A. upper limb

B. lower limb

C. pelvis

D. spine


Immobilize

A. Structure where two or more bones are joined.

B. Excessive stretching and tearing of muscles or tendons.

C. Splint or other methods to keep an injured body part from moving.

D. Method to allow movement to an injured area.


Open fractures

A. Fracture that leaves the skin unbroken.

B. The gradual weakening of bones.

C. A break or disruption in bone tissue.

D. Fracture that leaves the skin broken.


What is the percentage surface area of a child’s head?

A. 4.50%

B. 9%

C. 18%

D. 36%


The strong, white, fibrous membrane that covers bones and through which blood vessels and nerves pass is called the:

A. calcium 

B. protein

C. periosteum

D. cartilage


Your awareness and concern for potentially serious underlying and unseen injuries.

A. Mechanism of injury

B. Nature of illness

C. Differential Diagnosis

D. Index of suspicion


In blunt abdominal trauma, the incidence of blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries is frequent.

A. YES

B. NO


Epidermis is the:

A. tough, external layer.

B. inner layer.


What is the role of ligaments?

A. Connect bones to bones

B. Connects bone to muscle


An injury to a joint in which the bone ends become separated from each other is called a(n):

A. dislocation

B. angulation

C. sprain

D. fracture


Blood leaks into an affected muscle compartment ->

A. Then drains out through another compartment

B. Rise in interstitial compartment pressure

C. Lymph fluid flows OUT of the affected compartment


Direct pressure to a wound is not controlling the bleeding, what should you do?

A. Freak out!

B. Try harder!

C. Apply tourniquet!

D. Pressure point!


The most effective way to stop a non-severe bleeding from a wound is to apply _______________

A. direct pressure

B. water flow

C. antibiotic

D. lotion


The “Platinum 10” refers to:

A. the amount of time it should take to get to the hospital

B. the amount of time it should take to perform an assessment

C. the amount of time we should spend on-scene

D. the amount of time it should take us to get to the scene


The leading cause of death for people 44 and younger is…

A. Stroke

B. Cardiac problems

C. Traumatic injuries

D. Diabetes


If a patient’s injured leg appears shorter than the other, an EMR should suspect:

A. patella injury

B. ankle dislocation

C. fibula injury

D. hip fracture


Muscle injuries resulting from overstretching or overexertion of the muscle are called:

A. sprains

B. strains

C. dislocations

D. sublocations


Which is the correct technique to react for nosebleeds injury?

A. A

B. B

C. A and B are correct

D. A and B are incorrect




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