Medical Quiz



A failure of the cardiovascular system to deliver enough blood to the body’s vital organs is known as

A. systemic collapse

B. shock

C. cerebrovascular accident.

D. death of a heart muscle.

A Holter monitor will usually be worn for a period of

A. 6–12 hours.

B. 12–24 hours.

C. 24–48 hours

D. 24–36 hours.

When performing an ECG, the patient should be put into what position?

A. Prone

B. Trendelenburg

C. Dorsal recumbent

D. Supine

Telemetry is used to

A. continuously monitor the electrical activity of the patient’s heart

B. telephone the provider when there is an error in the ECG reading

C. continuously renew the electrical impulses of the patient’s heart.

D. telephone the nurse on the floor when there is an electrical outage.

An automatic blood pressure device has all of the following advantages except

A. the device can automatically determine how high to inflate the cuff.

B. the reading is performed automatically.

C. an automatic blood pressure cuff may be expensive.

D. the brachial artery does not need to be palpated.

When explaining the preparation to a patient who will be having an ECG, the medical assistant should inform the patient to

A. refrain from eating or drinking 12 hours before the test

B. not take their regular cardiac medication the morning of the test

C. not perform any special preparation for the test.

D. Refrain from smoking or drinking alcohol for 12 hours prior to the test.

Systole is the phase of the cardiac cycle in which the

A. heart relaxes

B. atrium contracts

C. ventricles relax

D. ventricles contract

An apical pulse should be measured at the

A. end of the xiphoid process toward the left.

B. 5th intercostal space at the left midclavicular line.

C. left axillary line at the 4th intercostal space.

D. mid-subclavicular line to the left.

A normal pulse oximetry reading should be above

A. 85%

B. 90%

C. 95%

D. 100%

Prior to performing an ECG, the medical assistant should obtain patient identification by obtaining the patient’s

A. first name

B. birth date

C. last name

D. All of the above

One inhalation and one respiration is known as

A. one respiration

B. two respirations

C. one cardiac cycle.

D. two cardiac cycles.

Respiratory abnormalities include dyspnea, apnea, and all of the following except

A. orthopnea.

B. eupnea.

C. hyperpnea.

D. hypopnea.

The limb leads of the ECG should be placed on

A. flat, nonmuscular areas

B. bony prominences.

C. skin prepared with softening lotion.

D. skin that has recently had surgery.

Emergency care for seizures includes

A. holding the patient’s head to prevent injury.

B. putting a bite plate into the patient’s mouth to prevent injury

C. allowing the patient to move in a safe environment.

D. restraining the patient to prevent further injury.

Tachycardia is a heart rate which is above

A. 80 bpm

B. 90 bpm

C. 100 bpm

D. 110 bpm

The mediastinum is located between the

A. lungs

B. kidneys.

C. arms

D. ovaries.

Prehypertension is a blood pressure reading above

A. 150/100 mm Hg.

B. 140/90 mm Hg.

C. 130/85 mm Hg.

D. 120/80 mm Hg.

When a patient needs to be “NPO for 8 hours,” the patient should

A. eat or drink nothing for 8 hours.

B. eat nothing but drink clear liquids for 8 hours.

C. eat only protein and not smoke for 8 hours.

D. not eat or drink for 4 hours before and 4 hours after the test.

The advantage of utilizing an ECG ambulatory monitoring device includes all of the following except

A. to capture heart abnormalities at the exact time the patient is having symptoms.

B. to evaluate heart behavior throughout daily activities.

C. to determine the effect of situational anxiety on cardiac output.

D. to evaluate the effectiveness of cardiac medication.

When assessing pulse, the rate, rhythm, and _____________ should be assessed

A. volume

B. strength

C. length

D. width


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