Medical Quiz

Diabetes Quiz


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The chemical reaction processes of breaking down molecules for energy:

A. reproduction

B. metabolism

C. digestion

D. replication


Cells generate energy using a series of chemical reactions, known as

A. metabolic breakdown

B. glucose adaptation

C. cellular respiration

D. macromolecule dissemination


When blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not yet too high to cause disease, this results in the diagnosis of prediabetes.

A. T

B. F


Cells are not able to take in the necessary glucose to create energy and blood glucose levels rise leading to life-threatening health conditions. This is similar with both Type I and Type II diabetes.

A. T

B. F


Causes the system to stop doing the original action and to either take no action or to perform an opposite action

A. positive feedback loop

B. negative feedback loop


Energy is produced by our bodies from biomolecules, large molecules, or ___________.

A. proteins

B. nucleic acids

C. macromolecues

D. carbohydrates


Cellular respiration occurs in the _________ of our cells.

A. nucleus

B. cell membrane

C. ribosomes

D. mitochondria


The relationship between glucose and insulin can be expressed like

A. hammer and nail

B. lock and key

C. door and handle

D. key and door


Carbohydrates are a secondary source of energy for our cells.

A. T

B. F


Initial symptoms of type 1 diabetes would include all of the following EXCEPT:

A. exhaustion

B. dizziness

C. chest pain

D. fatigue


______ is the energy compound that powers all of our activities.

A. oxygen

B. ATP

C. cellular respiration


After our immediate energy needs are met, insulin levels drop and excess glucose is stored in the liver.

A. T

B. F


Excess glucose is stored in lipids. This reduces the amount of glucose in your body.

A. eating a diet low in carbohydrates

B. losing weight

C. increased exercise activity


This limits the amount of glucose entering the bloodstream.

A. Increasing amounts of exercise.

B. losing weight

C. eating a diet low in carbohydrates


Between meals, when blood glucose levels drop, another pancreatic hormone, __________ stimulates the liver to release stored glucose

A. glycogen

B. glycemia

C. glucose

D. glucagon


Causes a reinforcement of the original action. The input causes the reaction to increase.

A. positive feedback loop

B. negative feedback loop


The _________ plays an important role in our body’s use of glucose.

A. liver

B. kidneys

C. pancreas


In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes insulin but the cells in the body do not respond to it; this is known as insulin resistance.

A. T

B. F


Diabetes is a disease in which the cells in the body cannot efficiently take in and utilize _________.

A. carbohydrates

B. glucose


A form of diabetes that usually develops during childhood or adolescence.

__________ is characterized by a severe deficiency of insulin, leading to high blood glucose levels.
___
A. Type 1 diabetes

B. Type 2 diabetes


The pancreas secretes both hormones, glycogen and insulin.

A. T

B. F


Under normal conditions, once glucose makes its way to our bloodstream, cells in the pancreas are stimulated to release this hormone:

A. glucagon

B. glycogen

C. insulin

D. nucleic acid


High blood glucose level is known as __________ and can cause health problems, such as stroke, heart disease kidney disease, and vision loss.

A. hypoglycemia

B. hyperglycemia


This stimulates the cells to convert glucose into energy. This supports your activity level and reduces the amount of glucose in your body.

A. weight loss

B. eating a diet low in carbohydrates

C. increased exercise activity




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