Medical Quiz

CP A&P: Cardiovascular Quiz


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Why is blood pumped to the lungs?

A. To obtain oxygen

B. To obtain carbon dioxide

C. To obtain nutrients



This EKG appears to be

A. Normal

B. Abnormal


Blood enters the heart from the body via the

A. aorta

B. vena cava


Normal average blood pressure in an adult is

A. 120/80

B. 90/55

C. 150/90


A diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity of the heart.

A. coronary bypass surgery

B. angioplasty

C. electrocardiogram

D. sphygmomanometer



Blood flow to the lungs is called

A. pulmonary circulation

B. systemic circulation


The left ventricle pumps blood to the

A. lungs

B. body


The tricuspid valve is located between the

A. right and left atria

B. right atrium and right ventricle

C. left ventricle and aorta

D. left ventricle and pulmonary artery


What cellular process is the oxygen from the lungs required for?

A. transcription

B. cellular respiration

C. facilitated diffusion


Systole and diastole refer to

A. contraction and relaxation of the heart, respectively

B. relaxation and contraction of the heart, respectively


A medical procedure where a vein is removed from another part of the body (typically the leg) and implanted into the heart to allow blood to flow around the blockage.

A. coronary bypass surgery

B. angioplasty

C. electrocardiogram

D. sphygmomanometer


The muscular portion of the heart wall is called the

A. myocardium

B. epicardium

C. endocardium


Blood pressure is determined by measuring the

A. rate of pulse

B. pressure of the left ventricle

C. force exerted by blood in a vessel against air in a closed cuff


The medical tool used to measure blood pressure by cutting off the blood supply to the brachial artery and then measuring the systolic and diastolic blood pressure as blood returns to the artery.

A. coronary bypass surgery

B. angioplasty

C. electrocardiogram

D. sphygmomanometer


Arteries do not require valves like veins do because blood is pushed through arteries by the pumping of the heart, whereas veins require more assistance to move the blood back toward the heart.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


The blood vessels which have valves are

A. arteries

B. veins

C. capillaries


Blood flow through the circulatory system is affected by

A. pressure differences

B. viscosity of blood

C. length and diameter of blood vessels

D. all of these


Which of the following is NOT a location where you could measure your pulse?

A. radial artery on the wrist

B. femoral artery on your thigh

C. aortic arch by your heart

D. in the vestibular artery of the ear


Blood returning from the lungs enters the

A. right atrium

B. right ventricle

C. left atrium

D. left ventricle


A blockage in an artery supplying blood to the brain

A. myocardial infarction

B. stroke

C. atherosclerosis


Varicose veins are caused by

A. a loss of elasticity in blood vessels

B. incompetent venous valves

C. the accumulation of fatty substances within blood vessels


One of the major characteristics of arteries supplying peripheral tissues is that they are

A. elastic

B. muscular

C. rigid

D. all of the above


Oxygenated blood traveling away from the heart toward body tissues occurs via

A. arteries

B. veins

C. capillaries


Heart problems such as atrial or ventricular septal defects are serious because the result is insufficient oxygenation of blood.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


The pacemaker cells of the heart are located in the

A. Bundle of His

B. SA node

C. AV node




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