Medical Quiz

CP A&P: Cardiovascular Quiz


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Blood flow through the circulatory system is affected by

A. pressure differences

B. viscosity of blood

C. length and diameter of blood vessels

D. all of these


The tricuspid valve is located between the

A. right and left atria

B. right atrium and right ventricle

C. left ventricle and aorta

D. left ventricle and pulmonary artery


What cellular process is the oxygen from the lungs required for?

A. transcription

B. cellular respiration

C. facilitated diffusion



This EKG appears to be

A. Normal

B. Abnormal


Normal average blood pressure in an adult is

A. 120/80

B. 90/55

C. 150/90


Varicose veins are caused by

A. a loss of elasticity in blood vessels

B. incompetent venous valves

C. the accumulation of fatty substances within blood vessels


The carotid artery is located in the

A. armpit

B. neck

C. groin

D. abdomen


Blood pressure is determined by measuring the

A. rate of pulse

B. pressure of the left ventricle

C. force exerted by blood in a vessel against air in a closed cuff


The vessels that carry blood to the heart are the

A. arteries

B. veins

C. capillaries


The medical tool used to measure blood pressure by cutting off the blood supply to the brachial artery and then measuring the systolic and diastolic blood pressure as blood returns to the artery.

A. coronary bypass surgery

B. angioplasty

C. electrocardiogram

D. sphygmomanometer


A medical procedure in which a catheter is fed through veins in the leg to a blockage where a balloon is inflated in the blocked artery and a wire mesh stent is inserted to hold the artery open.

A. coronary bypass surgery

B. angioplasty

C. electrocardiogram

D. sphygmomanometer


One of the major characteristics of arteries supplying peripheral tissues is that they are

A. elastic

B. muscular

C. rigid

D. all of the above


The “lubdub” sounds of the heart have practical clinical value because they provide information concerning the

A. strength of ventricular contraction

B. strength of the pulse

C. efficiency of the heart valves


Blood returning to the heart from the body first enters the

A. right atrium

B. right ventricle

C. left atrium

D. left ventricle


A diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity of the heart.

A. coronary bypass surgery

B. angioplasty

C. electrocardiogram

D. sphygmomanometer


A medical procedure where a vein is removed from another part of the body (typically the leg) and implanted into the heart to allow blood to flow around the blockage.

A. coronary bypass surgery

B. angioplasty

C. electrocardiogram

D. sphygmomanometer


A blockage in a coronary artery can lead to

A. myocardial infarction

B. stroke

C. atherosclerosis


Blood exits the heart to the body via the

A. aorta

B. vena cava


The “double pump” function of the heart includes the right side, which serves as the ________ circuit pump, while the left side serves as the ________ pump.

A. Systemic; pulmonary

B. Pulmonary; systemic


A blockage in an artery supplying blood to the brain

A. myocardial infarction

B. stroke

C. atherosclerosis


Oxygenated blood traveling away from the heart toward body tissues occurs via

A. arteries

B. veins

C. capillaries


Blood enters the heart from the body via the

A. aorta

B. vena cava



Blood flow to the lungs is called

A. pulmonary circulation

B. systemic circulation


Why is blood pumped to the lungs?

A. To obtain oxygen

B. To obtain carbon dioxide

C. To obtain nutrients


The pacemaker cells of the heart are located in the

A. Bundle of His

B. SA node

C. AV node




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