Medical Quiz

CP A&P: Cardiovascular Quiz


The carotid artery is located in the

A. armpit

B. neck

C. groin

D. abdomen

Blood returning from the lungs enters the

A. right atrium

B. right ventricle

C. left atrium

D. left ventricle

Blood exits the heart to the body via the

A. aorta

B. vena cava

The vessels that carry blood to the heart are the

A. arteries

B. veins

C. capillaries

A medical procedure where a vein is removed from another part of the body (typically the leg) and implanted into the heart to allow blood to flow around the blockage.

A. coronary bypass surgery

B. angioplasty

C. electrocardiogram

D. sphygmomanometer

Blood enters the heart from the body via the

A. aorta

B. vena cava

Oxygenated blood traveling away from the heart toward body tissues occurs via

A. arteries

B. veins

C. capillaries

The pacemaker cells of the heart are located in the

A. Bundle of His

B. SA node

C. AV node

A blockage in an artery supplying blood to the brain

A. myocardial infarction

B. stroke

C. atherosclerosis

The left ventricle pumps blood to the

A. lungs

B. body

One of the major characteristics of arteries supplying peripheral tissues is that they are

A. elastic

B. muscular

C. rigid

D. all of the above

What cellular process is the oxygen from the lungs required for?

A. transcription

B. cellular respiration

C. facilitated diffusion

The muscular portion of the heart wall is called the

A. myocardium

B. epicardium

C. endocardium

Blood flow to the lungs is called

A. pulmonary circulation

B. systemic circulation

The tricuspid valve is located between the

A. right and left atria

B. right atrium and right ventricle

C. left ventricle and aorta

D. left ventricle and pulmonary artery

Normal average blood pressure in an adult is

A. 120/80

B. 90/55

C. 150/90

Systole and diastole refer to

A. contraction and relaxation of the heart, respectively

B. relaxation and contraction of the heart, respectively

This EKG appears to be

A. Normal

B. Abnormal

Heart problems such as atrial or ventricular septal defects are serious because the result is insufficient oxygenation of blood.



A blockage in a coronary artery can lead to

A. myocardial infarction

B. stroke

C. atherosclerosis

Why is blood pumped to the lungs?

A. To obtain oxygen

B. To obtain carbon dioxide

C. To obtain nutrients

Blood flow through the circulatory system is affected by

A. pressure differences

B. viscosity of blood

C. length and diameter of blood vessels

D. all of these

The medical tool used to measure blood pressure by cutting off the blood supply to the brachial artery and then measuring the systolic and diastolic blood pressure as blood returns to the artery.

A. coronary bypass surgery

B. angioplasty

C. electrocardiogram

D. sphygmomanometer

Exchange of materials between blood and tissue occurs via

A. veins

B. arteries

C. capillaries

The “double pump” function of the heart includes the right side, which serves as the ________ circuit pump, while the left side serves as the ________ pump.

A. Systemic; pulmonary

B. Pulmonary; systemic


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