Medical Quiz

Cells Quiz


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Fungi, Plants, and Animals

A. Unicellular organisms 

B. Multicellular organisms


What power magnification is typically seen on a low power objective?

A. 4x

B. 10x

C. 40x

D. 400x


Cell organelle that can be rough or smooth.

A. lysosomes

B. plasma membrane

C. endoplasmic reticulum

D. ribosomes


Which best explains how a single-celled organism can survive without other cells?

A. They do not need to perform more than one function to survive.

B. They are able to perform all necessary functions within one cell.

C. They do not need any substance from outside of the cell.


Cell organelle that detoxifies “free radicals” found in the cells.

A. lysosomes

B. mitochondria

C. peroxisomes

D. ribosomes


DNA –> mRNA

A. translation

B. transcription

C. mitosis

D. cytokinesis


What is the function of nerve cells?

A. Allow for gas exchange to happen.

B. Control DNA expression.

C. Transport oxygen throughout the body.

D. Transmit electrical signals to different parts of the body.


What do vacuoles do? 

A. They actually do not have an important role

B. They protect the cell

C. They are the brain of the cell

D. storage area for cells; water storage in plants 


Multicellular Organisms

A. Made of 1 cell

B. Made of more than 1 cell


How are single-celled organisms and multi-celled organisms similar?

A. Both need food for energy and growth.

B. Both have a skeletal system for support.

C. Both require the interaction of many cells to survive.

D. Both are able to carry out all life functions in only one cell.


TRUE or FALSE: red blood cells are a eukaryotic cell that lack a nucleus. This allows it to carry maximum oxygen throughout the body.

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which of the following, found ONLY in plant cells, provides structure?

A. cell wall

B. chloroplast

C. mitochondria

D. vacuole


There are 2 main types of cells (Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes). What is an example of a prokaryotic cell?

A. Animal Cells

B. Plant Cells

C. Bacteria

D. Protists


Cells can be seen with

A. a microscope

B. a telescope

C. your eye

D. goggles


In cells a large oval organelle that contains the cells genetic material in the form of DNA and controls many of the cells activities

A. organelle

B. ribosome

C. cell wall

D. nucleus


The picture below is a __________ cell.

A. plant

B. animal

C. bacteria

D. moss


Logan is comparing the characteristics of different types of organisms. Which best describes a difference between insects and bacteria?

A. Insects are made of one cell, while bacteria are made of many cells.

B. Insects require energy to perform life functions while bacteria do not.

C. Bacteria are made of one cell, while insects are made of many cells.

D. Bacteria require energy to perform life functions while insects do not.


These cells make connective tissue.

A. fibroblasts

B. sperm

C. epithelial cells

D. skeletal muscle cells


Which organelle takes in “sun showers” and helps plants with the process or photosynthesis?

A. Vacuole

B. Mitochondria

C. Cytoplasm

D. Chloroplast


What is the total magnification of a specimen under a microscope if the eyepiece magnification is 10x and the objective magnification is 4x?

A. 4x

B. 10x

C. 40x

D. 400x


What is the circulatory system made up of?

A. Lungs, blood, blood vessels

B. Liver, kidneys, and stomach

C. Heart, Blood Vessels, and Blood


Which of these cells are dead?

A. hair cell

B. red blood cell

C. nerve cell

D. bacteria


These cells cover and line body organs.

A. epithelial cells

B. fat cells

C. nerve cells

D. smooth muscle cells


Root hair cells can carry blood

A. TRUE

B. FALSE


Which scientist was known for stating that all animals are made of cells?

A. Zacharias Janssen

B. Robert Hooke

C. Mathias Schleiden

D. Theodor Schwann




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