Medical Quiz

Cells Quiz


Which of the following converts food into energy for the cell?

A. vacuole

B. mitochondria

C. cytoplasm

D. cell membrane

Cells can be seen with

A. a microscope

B. a telescope

C. your eye

D. goggles

Which scientist is known for coming up with the name “cells” when observing a piece of cork under a microscope?

A. Zacharias Janssen

B. Robert Hooke

C. Mathias Schleiden

D. Rudolph Virchow

Which best explains how a single-celled organism can survive without other cells?

A. They do not need to perform more than one function to survive.

B. They are able to perform all necessary functions within one cell.

C. They do not need any substance from outside of the cell.

Which best describes the main job of most cells in multicellular organisms?

A. Cells work to keep themselves alive.

B. Cells work to keep the organism alive.

C. Cells work to release needed materials.

D. Cells work to store unneeded materials.

What type of cell has membrane-bound organelles?

A. Prokaryotic

B. Eukaryotic

Cell organelle that digests unwanted materials.

A. golgi apparatus

B. ribosomes

C. lysosomes

D. mitochondria

The circulatory system works with the __________ system to obtain energy from nutrients that we eat.

A. respiratory

B. digestive

C. skeletal

D. nervous

What power magnification is typically seen on a high power objective?

A. 4x

B. 10x

C. 40x

D. There is no high power objective

Which of the following is NOT a reason that plant and animal cells are similar?

A. They both have DNA

B. They both have cell membranes

C. They both have cell walls

D. The both are eukaryotic

Which best describes a single-celled organism?

A. a small group of organisms

B. an organism that is able to carry out all its life processes

C. a small organism with a variety of parts

D. an organism that relies on other organisms to survive

Fungi and bacteria are both single-celled organisms. What do they most likely have in common?

A. Both fungi and bacteria are large organisms.

B. Both fungi and bacteria can carry out all life functions in their one cell.

C. Both fungi and bacteria need sunlight and nutrients from the soil to be able to grow.

D. Both fungi and bacteria are highly specialized to do only one job so they must work with other cells to obtain food.

This word means “division of cytoplasm”:

A. cytokinesis

B. mitosis

C. prophase

D. anaphase

These cells make connective tissue.

A. fibroblasts

B. sperm

C. epithelial cells

D. skeletal muscle cells

What is the function of the cell wall?

A. Controls the movement of substances going into and out of the cell.

B. Controls the activities of the cell.

C. Supports the cell and gives it a regular shape.

D. Traps light for the cell to make food

There are two main types of cells (Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes). What is an example of a Eukaryotic cell?

A. Animal Cells

B. Plant Cells

C. Protists

D. All of the above.

What is the function of nerve cells?

A. Allow for gas exchange to happen.

B. Control DNA expression.

C. Transport oxygen throughout the body.

D. Transmit electrical signals to different parts of the body.

These cells fight disease.

A. fibroblasts

B. oocyte

C. macrophages

D. fat cells

Which of the following is NOT a reason plant and animal cells are different?

A. Plants have a cell wall, animals do not.

B. Plants have chloroplasts, animals do not.

C. Plants have 1 large vacuole, while animal cells have multiple small vacuoles.

D. Animals have a nucleus while plants do not.

Which best describes a multi-celled organism?

A. basic

B. simple

C. uniform

D. complex

A form of Active Transport

A. Exocytosis/Endocytosis

B. diffusion

C. filtration

D. osmosis

cell organelle where proteins are made

A. ribosomes

B. mitochondria

C. centrioles

D. endoplasmic reticulum

How are bacteria classified?

A. Color

B. Shape

C. Size

D. How dangerous they are

Which of these cells are dead?

A. hair cell

B. red blood cell

C. nerve cell

D. bacteria

which one of the following is a function of the nucleus?

A. control the activities of the cell and contain hereditary materials (e.g. DNA)

B. control substances moving in and out of the cell

C. trap sunlight

D. gives the cell a fixed shape


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